Journal of the House - 55th Day - Monday, April 24, 2023 - Top of Page 6377

 

 

STATE OF MINNESOTA

 

 

NINETY-THIRD SESSION - 2023

 

_____________________

 

FIFTY-FIFTH DAY

 

Saint Paul, Minnesota, Monday, April 24, 2023

 

 

      The House of Representatives convened at 11:30 a.m. and was called to order by Melissa Hortman, Speaker of the House.

 

      Prayer was offered by the Reverend Rachel McIver Morey, Northfield United Methodist Church, Northfield, Minnesota.

 

      The members of the House gave the pledge of allegiance to the flag of the United States of America.

 

      The roll was called and the following members were present:

 


Acomb

Agbaje

Altendorf

Anderson, P. E.

Anderson, P. H.

Backer

Bahner

Bakeberg

Baker

Bennett

Berg

Bierman

Brand

Burkel

Carroll

Cha

Clardy

Coulter

Curran

Daniels

Davids

Davis

Demuth

Dotseth

Edelson

Elkins

Engen

Feist

Finke

Fischer

Fogelman

Franson

Frazier

Frederick

Freiberg

Garofalo

Gillman

Greenman

Grossell

Hansen, R.

Hanson, J.

Harder

Hassan

Heintzeman

Hemmingsen-Jaeger

Her

Hicks

Hill

Hollins

Hornstein

Howard

Hudella

Hudson

Huot

Hussein

Igo

Jacob

Johnson

Jordan

Joy

Keeler

Klevorn

Knudsen

Koegel

Kotyza-Witthuhn

Kozlowski

Koznick

Kraft

Lee, F.

Lee, K.

Liebling

Lillie

Lislegard

Long

McDonald

Mekeland

Moller

Mueller

Murphy

Myers

Nash

Nelson, M.

Nelson, N.

Neu Brindley

Newton

Niska

Noor

Norris

Novotny

O'Driscoll

Olson, B.

Olson, L.

O'Neill

Pelowski

Pérez-Vega

Perryman

Petersburg

Pfarr

Pinto

Pryor

Pursell

Quam

Rehm

Reyer

Richardson

Robbins

Schomacker

Schultz

Scott

Sencer-Mura

Skraba

Smith

Stephenson

Swedzinski

Tabke

Torkelson

Urdahl

Vang

West

Wiener

Wiens

Witte

Wolgamott

Xiong

Youakim

Zeleznikar

Spk. Hortman


 

      A quorum was present.

 

      Kiel, Kresha and Nadeau were excused.

 

      Becker-Finn was excused until 1:35 p.m.  Daudt was excused until 2:00 p.m.  Bliss was excused until 7:10 p.m.  Gomez was excused until 11:50 p.m.

 

      The Chief Clerk proceeded to read the Journal of the preceding day.  There being no objection, further reading of the Journal was dispensed with and the Journal was approved as corrected by the Chief Clerk.


Journal of the House - 55th Day - Monday, April 24, 2023 - Top of Page 6378

REPORTS OF STANDING COMMITTEES AND DIVISIONS

 

 

Olson, L., from the Committee on Ways and Means to which was referred:

 

H. F. No. 1938, A bill for an act relating to financing and operation of state and local government; modifying provisions governing individual income and corporate franchise taxes, federal conformity, property taxes, certain state aid and credit programs, sales and use taxes, minerals taxes, tax increment financing, certain local taxes, provisions related to public finance, and various other taxes and tax-related provisions; modifying income tax credits; modifying existing and proposing new subtractions; modifying provisions related to the taxation of pass‑through entities; providing for certain federal tax conformity; modifying individual income tax rates; modifying provisions related to reporting of corporate income; providing a onetime refundable rebate credit; providing for conformity to certain federal tax provisions; modifying property tax exemptions, classifications, and refunds; modifying local government aid calculations; establishing soil and water conservation district aid; providing for certain sales tax exemptions and providing new definitions; modifying taconite taxes and distributions; converting the renter's property tax refund into a refundable individual income tax credit; modifying provisions related to tax increment financing and allowing certain special local provisions; modifying certain local taxes; establishing tourism improvement special taxing districts; requiring reports; appropriating money; amending Minnesota Statutes 2022, sections 3.8855, subdivisions 4, 7; 6.495, subdivision 3; 10A.31, subdivisions 1, 3; 13.46, subdivision 2; 41B.0391, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 7; 116U.27, subdivisions 1, 4, 7; 118A.04, subdivision 5; 123B.61; 168B.07, subdivision 3; 256J.45, subdivision 2; 256L.15, subdivision 1a; 270A.03, subdivision 2; 270B.12, subdivision 8; 270B.14, subdivision 1; 270C.13, subdivision 1; 270C.19, subdivisions 1, 2; 270C.445, subdivisions 2, 3; 270C.446, subdivision 2; 270C.52, subdivision 2; 272.01, subdivision 2; 272.02, subdivisions 24, 73, 98, by adding a subdivision; 273.11, subdivision 12; 273.124, subdivisions 6, 13, 13a, 13c, 13d, 14; 273.1245, subdivision 1; 273.13, subdivisions 25, 34, 35; 273.1315, subdivision 2; 273.1341; 273.1392; 275.065, subdivisions 3, 3b, 4; 278.01, subdivision 1; 279.03, subdivision 1a; 282.261, subdivision 2; 289A.02, subdivision 7, as amended; 289A.08, subdivisions 7, as amended, 7a, as amended, by adding subdivisions; 289A.18, subdivision 5; 289A.38, subdivision 4; 289A.382, subdivision 2; 289A.50, by adding a subdivision; 289A.56, subdivision 6; 289A.60, subdivisions 12, 13, 28; 290.01, subdivisions 19, as amended, 31, as amended; 290.0132, subdivisions 4, 24, 26, 27, by adding subdivisions; 290.0133, subdivision 6; 290.0134, subdivision 18, by adding a subdivision; 290.06, subdivisions 2c, as amended, 2d, 22, 39; 290.067; 290.0671, as amended; 290.0674; 290.0677, subdivision 1; 290.0682, subdivision 2, by adding a subdivision; 290.0685, subdivision 1, by adding a subdivision; 290.0686; 290.091, subdivision 2, as amended; 290.17, subdivision 4, by adding a subdivision; 290.21, subdivision 9; 290.92, subdivision 20; 290.9705, subdivision 1; 290A.02; 290A.03, subdivisions 3, 6, 8, 12, 13, 15, as amended, by adding a subdivision; 290A.04, subdivisions 1, 2, 2h, 4, 5; 290A.05; 290A.07, subdivision 2a; 290A.08; 290A.09; 290A.091; 290A.13; 290A.19; 290A.25; 290B.03, subdivision 1; 290B.04, subdivisions 3, 4; 290B.05, subdivision 1; 291.005, subdivision 1, as amended; 295.50, subdivision 4; 296A.083, subdivision 3; 297A.61, subdivision 29, by adding subdivisions; 297A.67, subdivisions 2, 7; 297A.68, subdivisions 4, 25; 297A.70, subdivisions 2, 4, 18, 19; 297E.02, subdivision 6; 297E.021, subdivision 4; 297H.13, subdivision 2; 297I.20, subdivision 4; 298.015; 298.018, subdivisions 1, 1a; 298.28, subdivisions 5, 7a, by adding a subdivision; 298.296, subdivision 4; 299C.76, subdivisions 1, 2; 327C.02, subdivision 5; 349.11; 349.12, subdivision 12c, by adding a subdivision; 366.095, subdivision 1; 373.01, subdivision 3; 383B.117, subdivision 2; 410.32; 412.301; 462A.05, subdivision 24; 462A.38; 469.033, subdivision 6; 469.053, subdivisions 4, 6; 469.107, subdivision 1; 469.174, subdivision 14, by adding a subdivision; 469.175, subdivision 6; 469.176, subdivisions 3, 4; 469.1761, subdivision 1; 469.1763, subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 6; 469.1771, subdivisions 2, 2a, 3; 474A.02, subdivisions 22b, 23a; 475.54, subdivision 1; 477A.011, subdivision 34, by adding subdivisions; 477A.0124, subdivision 2; 477A.013, subdivisions 8, 9; 477A.03, subdivisions 2a, 2b, by adding a subdivision; 477A.12, subdivisions 1, 3, by adding a subdivision; 477A.30; 477B.01, subdivisions 5, 10, 11, by adding subdivisions; 477B.02, subdivisions 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, by adding a subdivision; 477B.03, subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 5, 7; 477B.04, subdivision 1, by adding a subdivision; 477C.02, subdivision 4; 477C.03, subdivisions 2, 5; 477C.04, by adding a subdivision; 514.972, subdivision 5; Laws 1971, chapter 773, section 1, subdivision 2, as amended; Laws 1980, chapter 511, sections 1, subdivision 2, as amended; 2,


Journal of the House - 55th Day - Monday, April 24, 2023 - Top of Page 6379

as amended; Laws 2006, chapter 259, article 11, section 3, as amended; Laws 2008, chapter 366, article 5, sections 26, as amended; 36, subdivisions 1, 3, as amended; article 7, section 17; article 17, section 6; Laws 2014, chapter 308, article 6, section 12, subdivision 2; Laws 2023, chapter 1, section 15; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 16A; 181; 290; 477A; proposing coding for new law as Minnesota Statutes, chapter 428B; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2022, sections 270A.04, subdivision 5; 290.01, subdivision 19i; 290.0131, subdivision 18; 290.0132, subdivision 33; 290A.03, subdivisions 9, 11; 290A.04, subdivision 2a; 290A.23, subdivision 1; 477A.011, subdivisions 30a, 38, 42, 45; 477A.013, subdivision 13; 477A.16, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 477B.02, subdivision 4; 477B.03, subdivision 6.

 

Reported the same back with the following amendments:

 

Page 19, line 21, delete "paragraph" and insert "paragraphs" and after "(i)" insert "and (j)"

 

Page 24, line 26, delete "The income of both a resident and nonresident qualifying owner is allocated and"

 

Page 24, delete line 27

 

Page 24, line 28, delete "290.17, 290.191, and 290.20."

 

Page 28, delete lines 28 to 30 and insert:

 

"(1) by a former basic member or the survivor of a former basic member, as an annuity or survivor benefit, from a pension plan governed by chapter 353, 353E, 354, or 354A, provided that the annuity or benefit is based on service for which the member or survivor is not also receiving Social Security benefits;

 

(2) as an annuity or survivor benefit from the legislators plan under chapter 3A, the State Patrol retirement plan under chapter 352B, or the public employees police and fire plan under sections 353.63 to 353.666, provided that the annuity or benefit is based on service for which the member or survivor is not also receiving Social Security benefits;"

 

Page 29, delete lines 1 to 3

 

Page 36, line 13, strike "19, but not attained"

 

Page 36, line 14, strike "age 65" and insert "18"

 

Page 197, line 4, delete "$1,394,000" and insert "$2,194,000" and delete "$1,393,000" and insert "$2,193,000"

 

Page 197, line 23, delete "$1,871,000" and insert "$2,671,000"

 

Page 229, delete section 4

 

Page 255, after line 6, insert:

 

"Sec. 14.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 349.12, subdivision 12b, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 12b.  Electronic pull-tab device.  "Electronic pull-tab device" means a handheld and portable electronic device that:

 

(1) is used to play one or more electronic pull-tab games;

 

(2) requires coded entry to activate play but does not allow the use of coin, currency, or tokens to be inserted to activate play;


Journal of the House - 55th Day - Monday, April 24, 2023 - Top of Page 6380

(3) requires that a player must individually activate or individually open each electronic pull-tab ticket and each individual line, row, or column of each electronic pull-tab ticket;

 

(4) maintains information pertaining to accumulated win credits that may be applied to games in play or redeemed upon termination of play;

 

(5) has no spinning reels or other representations that mimic a video slot machine;

 

(6) has no additional function as a gambling device other than as an electronic-linked bingo game played on a device defined under section 349.12, subdivision 12a;

 

(7) may incorporate an amusement game feature as part of the pull-tab game but may not require additional consideration for that feature or award any prize, or other benefit for that feature;

 

(8) may have auditory or visual enhancements to promote or provide information about the game being played, provided the component does not affect the outcome of a game or display the results of a game;

 

(9) maintains, on nonresettable meters, a printable, permanent record of all transactions involving each device and electronic pull-tab games played on the device;

 

(10) is not a pull-tab dispensing device as defined under subdivision 32a; and

 

(11) has the capability to allow use by a player who is visually impaired.; and

 

(12) does not include representations that mimic the display or user interface of a video slot machine by requiring a player to manually activate the reveal or result of each single row of symbols with a separate and distinct action for each electronic pull-tab ticket.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective for games approved after June 30, 2024."

 

Page 266, line 12, before "Grand" insert "Fond du Lac Band;"

 

Page 266, lines 16 and 19, delete "$3,409,091" and insert "$5,357,143"

 

Page 303, after line 4, insert:

 

"ARTICLE 17

GRANTS MANAGEMENT

 

Section 1.  FINANCIAL REVIEW OF NONPROFIT GRANT RECIPIENTS REQUIRED.

 

Subdivision 1.  Financial review required.  (a) Before awarding a competitive, legislatively named, single source, or sole source grant to a nonprofit organization under this act, the grantor must require the applicant to submit financial information sufficient for the grantor to document and assess the applicant's current financial standing and management.  Items of significant concern must be addressed with the applicant and resolved to the satisfaction of the grantor before a grant is awarded.  The grantor must document the material requested and reviewed; whether the applicant had a significant operating deficit, a deficit in unrestricted net assets, or insufficient internal controls; whether and how the applicant resolved the grantor's concerns; and the grantor's final decision.  This documentation must be maintained in the grantor's files.

 

(b) At a minimum, the grantor must require each applicant to provide the following information:


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(1) the applicant's most recent Form 990, Form 990-EZ, or Form 990-N filed with the Internal Revenue Service.  If the applicant has not been in existence long enough or is not required to file Form 990, Form 990-EZ, or Form 990-N, the applicant must demonstrate to the grantor that the applicant is exempt and must instead submit documentation of internal controls and the applicant's most recent financial statement prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and approved by the applicant's board of directors or trustees, or if there is no such board, by the applicant's managing group;

 

(2) evidence of registration and good standing with the secretary of state under Minnesota Statutes, chapter 317A, or other applicable law;

 

(3) unless exempt under Minnesota Statutes, section 309.515, evidence of registration and good standing with the attorney general under Minnesota Statutes, chapter 309; and

 

(4) if required under Minnesota Statutes, section 309.53, subdivision 3, the applicant's most recent audited financial statement prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Subd. 2.  Authority to postpone or forgo; reporting required.  (a) Notwithstanding any contrary provision in this act, a grantor that identifies an area of significant concern regarding the financial standing or management of a legislatively named applicant may postpone or forgo awarding the grant.

 

(b) No later than 30 days after a grantor exercises the authority provided under paragraph (a), the grantor must report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over the grantor's operating budget.  The report must identify the legislatively named applicant and the grantor's reason for postponing or forgoing the grant.

 

Subd. 3.  Authority to award subject to additional assistance and oversight.  A grantor that identifies an area of significant concern regarding an applicant's financial standing or management may award a grant to the applicant if the grantor provides or the grantee otherwise obtains additional technical assistance, as needed, and the grantor imposes additional requirements in the grant agreement.  Additional requirements may include, but are not limited to, enhanced monitoring, additional reporting, or other reasonable requirements imposed by the grantor to protect the interests of the state.

 

Subd. 4.  Relation to other law and policy.  The requirements in this section are in addition to any other requirements imposed by law; the commissioner of administration under Minnesota Statutes, sections 16B.97 and 16B.98; or agency policy."

 

Renumber the sections in sequence and correct the internal references

 

Amend the title accordingly

 

 

With the recommendation that when so amended the bill be placed on the General Register.

 

      The report was adopted.

 

 

Olson, L., from the Committee on Ways and Means to which was referred:

 

S. F. No. 2995, A bill for an act relating to state government; modifying provisions governing child care, child safety and permanency, child support, economic assistance, deep poverty, housing and homelessness, behavioral health, the medical education and research cost account, MinnesotaCare, medical assistance, background studies, and human services licensing; establishing the Department of Children, Youth, and Families; making technical and


Journal of the House - 55th Day - Monday, April 24, 2023 - Top of Page 6382

conforming changes; establishing requirements for hospital nurse staffing committees and hospital nurse workload committees; modifying requirements of hospital core staffing plans; modifying requirements related to hospital preparedness and incident response action plans to acts of violence; modifying eligibility for the health professional education loan forgiveness program; establishing the Health Care Affordability Board and Health Care Affordability Advisory Council; establishing prescription contraceptive supply requirement; requiring health plan coverage of prescription contraceptives, certain services provided by a pharmacist, infertility treatment, treatment of rare diseases and conditions, and biomarker testing; modifying managed care withhold requirements; establishing filing requirements for a health plan's prescription drug formulary and for items and services provided by medical and dental practices; establishing notice and disclosure requirements for certain health care transactions; extending moratorium on certain conversion transactions; requiring disclosure of facility fees for telehealth; modifying provisions relating to the eligibility of undocumented children for MinnesotaCare and of children for medical assistance; prohibiting a medical assistance benefit plan from including cost-sharing provisions; authorizing a MinnesotaCare buy-in option; assessing alternative payment methods in rural health care; assessing feasibility for a health care provider directory; requiring compliance with the No Surprises Act in billing; modifying prescription drug price provisions and continuity of care provisions; compiling health encounter data; modifying all-payer claims data provisions; establishing certain advisory councils, committees, public awareness campaigns, apprenticeship programs, and grant programs; modifying lead testing and remediation requirements; establishing Minnesota One Health Microbial Stewardship Collaborative and cultural communications program; providing for clinical health care training; establishing a climate resiliency program; changing assisted living provisions; establishing a program to monitor long COVID, a 988 suicide crisis lifeline, school-based health centers, Healthy Beginnings, Healthy Families Act, and Comprehensive and Collaborative Resource and Referral System for Children; establishing a moratorium on green burials; regulating submerged closed-loop exchanger systems; establishing a tobacco use prevention account; amending provisions relating to adoptee birth records access; establishing Office of African American Health; establishing Office of American Indian Health; changing certain health board fees; establishing easy enrollment health insurance outreach program; establishing a state-funded cost-sharing reduction program for eligible persons enrolled in certain qualified health plans; setting certain fees; requiring reports; authorizing attorney general and commissioner of health review and enforcement of certain health care transactions; authorizing rulemaking; transferring money; allocating funds for a specific purpose; making forecast adjustments; appropriating money for the Department of Human Services, Department of Health, health-related boards, emergency medical services regulatory board, ombudsperson for families, ombudsperson for American Indian families, Office of the Foster Youth Ombudsperson, Rare Disease Advisory Council, Department of Revenue, Department of Management and Budget, Department of Children, Youth and Families, Department of Commerce, and Health Care Affordability Board; amending Minnesota Statutes 2022, sections 4.045; 10.65, subdivision 2; 13.10, subdivision 5; 13.46, subdivision 4; 13.465, subdivision 8; 15.01; 15.06, subdivision 1; 15A.0815, subdivision 2; 16A.151, subdivision 2; 43A.08, subdivision 1a; 62A.02, subdivision 1; 62A.045; 62A.15, subdivision 4, by adding a subdivision; 62A.30, by adding subdivisions; 62A.673, subdivision 2; 62J.497, subdivisions 1, 3; 62J.692, subdivisions 1, 3, 4, 5, 8; 62J.824; 62J.84, subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, by adding subdivisions; 62K.10, subdivision 4; 62K.15; 62U.04, subdivisions 4, 5, 5a, 11, by adding subdivisions; 62U.10, subdivision 7; 103I.005, subdivisions 17a, 20a, by adding a subdivision; 103I.208, subdivision 2; 119B.011, subdivisions 2, 5, 13, 19a; 119B.025, subdivision 4; 119B.03, subdivision 4a; 119B.125, subdivisions 1, 1a, 1b, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7; 119B.13, subdivisions 1, 6; 119B.16, subdivisions 1a, 1c, 3; 119B.161, subdivisions 2, 3; 119B.19, subdivision 7; 121A.335, subdivisions 3, 5, by adding a subdivision; 144.05, by adding a subdivision; 144.122; 144.1501, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; 144.1506, subdivision 4; 144.218, subdivisions 1, 2; 144.225, subdivision 2; 144.2252; 144.226, subdivisions 3, 4; 144.566; 144.608, subdivision 1; 144.651, by adding a subdivision; 144.653, subdivision 5; 144.7055; 144.7067, subdivision 1; 144.9501, subdivision 9; 144E.001, subdivision 1, by adding a subdivision; 144E.35; 145.4716, subdivision 3; 145.87, subdivision 4; 145.924; 145A.131, subdivisions 1, 2, 5; 145A.14, by adding a subdivision; 147A.08; 148.56, subdivision 1; 148B.392, subdivision 2; 150A.08, subdivisions 1, 5; 150A.091, by adding a subdivision; 150A.13, subdivision 10; 151.065, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6; 151.071, subdivision 2; 151.555; 151.74, subdivisions 3, 4; 152.126, subdivisions 4, 5, 6, 9; 245.095; 245.4663, subdivision 4; 245.4889, subdivision 1; 245.735, subdivisions 3, 6, by adding a subdivision; 245A.02, subdivision 2c; 245A.04, subdivisions 1, 7a; 245A.05; 245A.055, subdivision 2; 245A.06, subdivisions 1, 2, 4; 245A.07, subdivision 3; 245A.16, by adding a subdivision; 245A.50, subdivisions 3, 4, 5, 6, 9; 245C.02, subdivision 13e, by adding subdivisions; 245C.03, subdivisions 1, 1a; 245C.031, subdivision 1; 245C.04,


Journal of the House - 55th Day - Monday, April 24, 2023 - Top of Page 6383

subdivision 1; 245C.05, subdivisions 1, 2c, 4; 245C.08, subdivision 1; 245C.10, subdivisions 2, 2a, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 9a, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21; 245C.15, subdivision 2, by adding a subdivision; 245C.17, subdivisions 2, 3, 6; 245C.21, subdivisions 1a, 2; 245C.22, subdivision 7; 245C.23, subdivisions 1, 2; 245C.24, subdivision 2; 245C.30, subdivision 2; 245C.32, subdivision 2; 245E.06, subdivision 3; 245G.03, subdivision 1; 245H.01, subdivision 3, by adding a subdivision; 245H.03, subdivisions 2, 4; 245H.06, subdivisions 1, 2; 245H.07, subdivisions 1, 2; 245I.011, subdivision 3; 245I.20, subdivisions 10, 13, 14, 16; 254B.02, subdivision 5; 256.01, by adding a subdivision; 256.014, subdivisions 1, 2; 256.046, subdivision 3; 256.0471, subdivision 1; 256.962, subdivision 5; 256.9655, by adding a subdivision; 256.969, subdivisions 2b, 9, 25, by adding a subdivision; 256.983, subdivision 5; 256B.04, by adding a subdivision; 256B.055, subdivision 17; 256B.056, subdivision 7; 256B.0625, subdivisions 9, 13, 13c, 13f, 13g, 28b, 30, 31, 34, 49, by adding subdivisions; 256B.0631, subdivision 2, by adding a subdivision; 256B.0941, by adding a subdivision; 256B.196, subdivision 2; 256B.69, subdivisions 4, 5a, 6d, 28, 36, by adding subdivisions; 256B.692, subdivision 1; 256B.75; 256B.758; 256B.76, as amended; 256B.761; 256B.764; 256D.01, subdivision 1a; 256D.024, subdivision 1; 256D.03, by adding a subdivision; 256D.06, subdivision 5; 256D.44, subdivision 5; 256D.63, subdivision 2; 256E.34, subdivision 4; 256E.35, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4a, 6, 7; 256I.03, subdivisions 7, 13; 256I.04, subdivision 1; 256I.06, subdivisions 6, 8, by adding a subdivision; 256J.08, subdivisions 71, 79; 256J.11, subdivision 1; 256J.21, subdivisions 3, 4; 256J.26, subdivision 1; 256J.33, subdivisions 1, 2; 256J.35; 256J.37, subdivisions 3, 3a; 256J.425, subdivisions 1, 4, 5, 7; 256J.46, subdivisions 1, 2, 2a; 256J.95, subdivision 19; 256L.03, subdivision 5; 256L.04, subdivisions 7a, 10, by adding a subdivision; 256L.07, subdivision 1; 256L.15, subdivision 2; 256N.26, subdivision 12; 256P.01, by adding subdivisions; 256P.02, subdivision 2, by adding subdivisions; 256P.04, subdivisions 4, 8; 256P.06, subdivision 3, by adding a subdivision; 256P.07, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, by adding subdivisions; 259.83, subdivisions 1, 1a, 1b, by adding a subdivision; 260.761, subdivision 2, as amended; 260C.007, subdivisions 6, 14; 260C.317, subdivision 4; 260C.80, subdivision 1; 260E.01; 260E.02, subdivision 1; 260E.03, subdivision 22, by adding subdivisions; 260E.09; 260E.14, subdivisions 2, 5; 260E.17, subdivision 1; 260E.18; 260E.20, subdivision 2; 260E.24, subdivisions 2, 7; 260E.33, subdivision 1; 260E.35, subdivision 6; 270B.14, subdivision 1, by adding a subdivision; 297F.10, subdivision 1; 403.161, subdivisions 1, 3, 5, 6, 7; 403.162, subdivisions 1, 2, 5; 518A.31; 518A.32, subdivisions 3, 4; 518A.34; 518A.41; 518A.42, subdivisions 1, 3; 518A.65; 518A.77; 524.5-118; 609B.425, subdivision 2; 609B.435, subdivision 2; Laws 2017, First Special Session chapter 6, article 5, section 11, as amended; Laws 2021, First Special Session chapter 7, article 6, section 26; article 16, sections 2, subdivision 32, as amended; 3, subdivision 2, as amended; article 17, section 5, subdivision 1; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 62A; 62D; 62J; 62Q; 62V; 103I; 119B; 144; 144E; 145; 148; 245; 245C; 256B; 256E; 256K; 256N; 256P; 260; 290; proposing coding for new law as Minnesota Statutes, chapter 143; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2022, sections 62J.692, subdivisions 4a, 7, 7a; 119B.03, subdivision 4; 137.38, subdivision 1; 144.059, subdivision 10; 144.212, subdivision 11; 245C.02, subdivision 14b; 245C.031, subdivisions 5, 6, 7; 245C.032; 245C.11, subdivision 3; 245C.30, subdivision 1a; 256.8799; 256.9864; 256B.0631, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 256B.69, subdivision 5c; 256J.08, subdivisions 10, 53, 61, 62, 81, 83; 256J.30, subdivisions 5, 7, 8; 256J.33, subdivisions 3, 4, 5; 256J.34, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4; 256J.37, subdivision 10; 256J.425, subdivision 6; 259.83, subdivision 3; 259.89; 260C.637.

 

Reported the same back with the following amendments:

 

Delete everything after the enacting clause and insert:

 

"ARTICLE 1

DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH CARE

 

Section 1.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62A.045, is amended to read:

 

62A.045 PAYMENTS ON BEHALF OF ENROLLEES IN GOVERNMENT HEALTH PROGRAMS.

 

(a) As a condition of doing business in Minnesota or providing coverage to residents of Minnesota covered by this section, each health insurer shall comply with the requirements of for health insurers under the federal Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Public Law 109-171 and the federal Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2022, Public Law


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117-103, including any federal regulations adopted under that act those acts, to the extent that it imposes they impose a requirement that applies in this state and that is not also required by the laws of this state.  This section does not require compliance with any provision of the federal act acts prior to the effective date dates provided for that provision those provisions in the federal act acts.  The commissioner shall enforce this section.

 

For the purpose of this section, "health insurer" includes self-insured plans, group health plans (as defined in section 607(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974), service benefit plans, managed care organizations, pharmacy benefit managers, or other parties that are by contract legally responsible to pay a claim for a health-care item or service for an individual receiving benefits under paragraph (b).

 

(b) No plan offered by a health insurer issued or renewed to provide coverage to a Minnesota resident shall contain any provision denying or reducing benefits because services are rendered to a person who is eligible for or receiving medical benefits pursuant to title XIX of the Social Security Act (Medicaid) in this or any other state; chapter 256 or 256B; or services pursuant to section 252.27; 256L.01 to 256L.10; 260B.331, subdivision 2; 260C.331, subdivision 2; or 393.07, subdivision 1 or 2.  No health insurer providing benefits under plans covered by this section shall use eligibility for medical programs named in this section as an underwriting guideline or reason for nonacceptance of the risk.

 

(c) If payment for covered expenses has been made under state medical programs for health care items or services provided to an individual, and a third party has a legal liability to make payments, the rights of payment and appeal of an adverse coverage decision for the individual, or in the case of a child their responsible relative or caretaker, will be subrogated to the state agency.  The state agency may assert its rights under this section within three years of the date the service was rendered.  For purposes of this section, "state agency" includes prepaid health plans under contract with the commissioner according to sections 256B.69 and 256L.12; children's mental health collaboratives under section 245.493; demonstration projects for persons with disabilities under section 256B.77; nursing homes under the alternative payment demonstration project under section 256B.434; and county-based purchasing entities under section 256B.692.

 

(d) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, when a person covered by a plan offered by a health insurer receives medical benefits according to any statute listed in this section, payment for covered services or notice of denial for services billed by the provider must be issued directly to the provider.  If a person was receiving medical benefits through the Department of Human Services at the time a service was provided, the provider must indicate this benefit coverage on any claim forms submitted by the provider to the health insurer for those services.  If the commissioner of human services notifies the health insurer that the commissioner has made payments to the provider, payment for benefits or notices of denials issued by the health insurer must be issued directly to the commissioner.  Submission by the department to the health insurer of the claim on a Department of Human Services claim form is proper notice and shall be considered proof of payment of the claim to the provider and supersedes any contract requirements of the health insurer relating to the form of submission.  Liability to the insured for coverage is satisfied to the extent that payments for those benefits are made by the health insurer to the provider or the commissioner as required by this section.

 

(e) When a state agency has acquired the rights of an individual eligible for medical programs named in this section and has health benefits coverage through a health insurer, the health insurer shall not impose requirements that are different from requirements applicable to an agent or assignee of any other individual covered.

 

(f) A health insurer must process a clean claim made by a state agency for covered expenses paid under state medical programs within 90 business days of the claim's submission.  A health insurer must process all other claims made by a state agency for covered expenses paid under a state medical program within the timeline set forth in Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 447.45(d)(4).

 

(g) A health insurer may request a refund of a claim paid in error to the Department of Human Services within two years of the date the payment was made to the department.  A request for a refund shall not be honored by the department if the health insurer makes the request after the time period has lapsed.


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Sec. 2.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62A.673, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Definitions.  (a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this subdivision have the meanings given.

 

(b) "Distant site" means a site at which a health care provider is located while providing health care services or consultations by means of telehealth.

 

(c) "Health care provider" means a health care professional who is licensed or registered by the state to perform health care services within the provider's scope of practice and in accordance with state law.  A health care provider includes a mental health professional under section 245I.04, subdivision 2; a mental health practitioner under section 245I.04, subdivision 4; a clinical trainee under section 245I.04, subdivision 6; a treatment coordinator under section 245G.11, subdivision 7; an alcohol and drug counselor under section 245G.11, subdivision 5; and a recovery peer under section 245G.11, subdivision 8.

 

(d) "Health carrier" has the meaning given in section 62A.011, subdivision 2.

 

(e) "Health plan" has the meaning given in section 62A.011, subdivision 3.  Health plan includes dental plans as defined in section 62Q.76, subdivision 3, but does not include dental plans that provide indemnity-based benefits, regardless of expenses incurred, and are designed to pay benefits directly to the policy holder.

 

(f) "Originating site" means a site at which a patient is located at the time health care services are provided to the patient by means of telehealth.  For purposes of store-and-forward technology, the originating site also means the location at which a health care provider transfers or transmits information to the distant site.

 

(g) "Store-and-forward technology" means the asynchronous electronic transfer or transmission of a patient's medical information or data from an originating site to a distant site for the purposes of diagnostic and therapeutic assistance in the care of a patient.

 

(h) "Telehealth" means the delivery of health care services or consultations through the use of real time two-way interactive audio and visual communications to provide or support health care delivery and facilitate the assessment, diagnosis, consultation, treatment, education, and care management of a patient's health care.  Telehealth includes the application of secure video conferencing, store-and-forward technology, and synchronous interactions between a patient located at an originating site and a health care provider located at a distant site.  Until July 1, 2023 2025, telehealth also includes audio-only communication between a health care provider and a patient in accordance with subdivision 6, paragraph (b).  Telehealth does not include communication between health care providers that consists solely of a telephone conversation, email, or facsimile transmission.  Telehealth does not include communication between a health care provider and a patient that consists solely of an email or facsimile transmission.  Telehealth does not include telemonitoring services as defined in paragraph (i).

 

(i) "Telemonitoring services" means the remote monitoring of clinical data related to the enrollee's vital signs or biometric data by a monitoring device or equipment that transmits the data electronically to a health care provider for analysis.  Telemonitoring is intended to collect an enrollee's health-related data for the purpose of assisting a health care provider in assessing and monitoring the enrollee's medical condition or status.

 

Sec. 3.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.01, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 43.  Education on contraceptive options.  The commissioner shall require hospitals and primary care providers serving medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees to develop and implement protocols to provide enrollees, when appropriate, with comprehensive and scientifically accurate information on the full range of contraceptive options, in a medically ethical, culturally competent, and noncoercive manner.  The information


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provided must be designed to assist enrollees in identifying the contraceptive method that best meets the enrollees' needs and the needs of the enrollees' families.  The protocol must specify the enrollee categories to which this requirement will be applied, the process to be used, and the information and resources to be provided.  Hospitals and providers must make this protocol available to the commissioner upon request.

 

Sec. 4.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.0471, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  Qualifying overpayment.  Any overpayment for assistance granted under chapter 119B, the MFIP program formerly codified under sections 256.031 to 256.0361,; and the AFDC program formerly codified under sections 256.72 to 256.871; for assistance granted under chapters 256B for state-funded medical assistance, 119B, 256D, 256I, 256J, and 256K, and 256L; for assistance granted pursuant to section 256.045, subdivision 10, for state-funded medical assistance and state-funded MinnesotaCare under chapters 256B and 256L; and for assistance granted under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), except agency error claims, become a judgment by operation of law 90 days after the notice of overpayment is personally served upon the recipient in a manner that is sufficient under rule 4.03(a) of the Rules of Civil Procedure for district courts, or by certified mail, return receipt requested.  This judgment shall be entitled to full faith and credit in this and any other state.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective July 1, 2023.

 

Sec. 5.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.969, subdivision 2b, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2b.  Hospital payment rates.  (a) For discharges occurring on or after November 1, 2014, hospital inpatient services for hospitals located in Minnesota shall be paid according to the following:

 

(1) critical access hospitals as defined by Medicare shall be paid using a cost-based methodology;

 

(2) long-term hospitals as defined by Medicare shall be paid on a per diem methodology under subdivision 25;

 

(3) rehabilitation hospitals or units of hospitals that are recognized as rehabilitation distinct parts as defined by Medicare shall be paid according to the methodology under subdivision 12; and

 

(4) all other hospitals shall be paid on a diagnosis-related group (DRG) methodology.

 

(b) For the period beginning January 1, 2011, through October 31, 2014, rates shall not be rebased, except that a Minnesota long-term hospital shall be rebased effective January 1, 2011, based on its most recent Medicare cost report ending on or before September 1, 2008, with the provisions under subdivisions 9 and 23, based on the rates in effect on December 31, 2010.  For rate setting periods after November 1, 2014, in which the base years are updated, a Minnesota long-term hospital's base year shall remain within the same period as other hospitals.

 

(c) Effective for discharges occurring on and after November 1, 2014, payment rates for hospital inpatient services provided by hospitals located in Minnesota or the local trade area, except for the hospitals paid under the methodologies described in paragraph (a), clauses (2) and (3), shall be rebased, incorporating cost and payment methodologies in a manner similar to Medicare.  The base year or years for the rates effective November 1, 2014, shall be calendar year 2012.  The rebasing under this paragraph shall be budget neutral, ensuring that the total aggregate payments under the rebased system are equal to the total aggregate payments that were made for the same number and types of services in the base year.  Separate budget neutrality calculations shall be determined for payments made to critical access hospitals and payments made to hospitals paid under the DRG system.  Only the rate increases or decreases under subdivision 3a or 3c that applied to the hospitals being rebased during the entire base period shall be incorporated into the budget neutrality calculation.


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(d) For discharges occurring on or after November 1, 2014, through the next rebasing that occurs, the rebased rates under paragraph (c) that apply to hospitals under paragraph (a), clause (4), shall include adjustments to the projected rates that result in no greater than a five percent increase or decrease from the base year payments for any hospital.  Any adjustments to the rates made by the commissioner under this paragraph and paragraph (e) shall maintain budget neutrality as described in paragraph (c).

 

(e) For discharges occurring on or after November 1, 2014, the commissioner may make additional adjustments to the rebased rates, and when evaluating whether additional adjustments should be made, the commissioner shall consider the impact of the rates on the following:

 

(1) pediatric services;

 

(2) behavioral health services;

 

(3) trauma services as defined by the National Uniform Billing Committee;

 

(4) transplant services;

 

(5) obstetric services, newborn services, and behavioral health services provided by hospitals outside the seven‑county metropolitan area;

 

(6) outlier admissions;

 

(7) low-volume providers; and

 

(8) services provided by small rural hospitals that are not critical access hospitals.

 

(f) Hospital payment rates established under paragraph (c) must incorporate the following:

 

(1) for hospitals paid under the DRG methodology, the base year payment rate per admission is standardized by the applicable Medicare wage index and adjusted by the hospital's disproportionate population adjustment;

 

(2) for critical access hospitals, payment rates for discharges between November 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015, shall be set to the same rate of payment that applied for discharges on October 31, 2014;

 

(3) the cost and charge data used to establish hospital payment rates must only reflect inpatient services covered by medical assistance; and

 

(4) in determining hospital payment rates for discharges occurring on or after the rate year beginning January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2012, the hospital payment rate per discharge shall be based on the cost-finding methods and allowable costs of the Medicare program in effect during the base year or years.  In determining hospital payment rates for discharges in subsequent base years, the per discharge rates shall be based on the cost‑finding methods and allowable costs of the Medicare program in effect during the base year or years.

 

(g) The commissioner shall validate the rates effective November 1, 2014, by applying the rates established under paragraph (c), and any adjustments made to the rates under paragraph (d) or (e), to hospital claims paid in calendar year 2013 to determine whether the total aggregate payments for the same number and types of services under the rebased rates are equal to the total aggregate payments made during calendar year 2013.

 

(h) Effective for discharges occurring on or after July 1, 2017, and every two years thereafter, payment rates under this section shall be rebased to reflect only those changes in hospital costs between the existing base year or years and the next base year or years.  In any year that inpatient claims volume falls below the threshold required to ensure a statistically valid sample of claims, the commissioner may combine claims data from two consecutive years


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to serve as the base year.  Years in which inpatient claims volume is reduced or altered due to a pandemic or other public health emergency shall not be used as a base year or part of a base year if the base year includes more than one year.  Changes in costs between base years shall be measured using the lower of the hospital cost index defined in subdivision 1, paragraph (a), or the percentage change in the case mix adjusted cost per claim.  The commissioner shall establish the base year for each rebasing period considering the most recent year or years for which filed Medicare cost reports are available, except that the base years for the rebasing effective July 1, 2023, are calendar years 2018 and 2019.  The estimated change in the average payment per hospital discharge resulting from a scheduled rebasing must be calculated and made available to the legislature by January 15 of each year in which rebasing is scheduled to occur, and must include by hospital the differential in payment rates compared to the individual hospital's costs.

 

(i) Effective for discharges occurring on or after July 1, 2015, inpatient payment rates for critical access hospitals located in Minnesota or the local trade area shall be determined using a new cost-based methodology.  The commissioner shall establish within the methodology tiers of payment designed to promote efficiency and cost‑effectiveness.  Payment rates for hospitals under this paragraph shall be set at a level that does not exceed the total cost for critical access hospitals as reflected in base year cost reports.  Until the next rebasing that occurs, the new methodology shall result in no greater than a five percent decrease from the base year payments for any hospital, except a hospital that had payments that were greater than 100 percent of the hospital's costs in the base year shall have their rate set equal to 100 percent of costs in the base year.  The rates paid for discharges on and after July 1, 2016, covered under this paragraph shall be increased by the inflation factor in subdivision 1, paragraph (a).  The new cost-based rate shall be the final rate and shall not be settled to actual incurred costs.  Hospitals shall be assigned a payment tier based on the following criteria:

 

(1) hospitals that had payments at or below 80 percent of their costs in the base year shall have a rate set that equals 85 percent of their base year costs;

 

(2) hospitals that had payments that were above 80 percent, up to and including 90 percent of their costs in the base year shall have a rate set that equals 95 percent of their base year costs; and

 

(3) hospitals that had payments that were above 90 percent of their costs in the base year shall have a rate set that equals 100 percent of their base year costs.

 

(j) The commissioner may refine the payment tiers and criteria for critical access hospitals to coincide with the next rebasing under paragraph (h).  The factors used to develop the new methodology may include, but are not limited to:

 

(1) the ratio between the hospital's costs for treating medical assistance patients and the hospital's charges to the medical assistance program;

 

(2) the ratio between the hospital's costs for treating medical assistance patients and the hospital's payments received from the medical assistance program for the care of medical assistance patients;

 

(3) the ratio between the hospital's charges to the medical assistance program and the hospital's payments received from the medical assistance program for the care of medical assistance patients;

 

(4) the statewide average increases in the ratios identified in clauses (1), (2), and (3);

 

(5) the proportion of that hospital's costs that are administrative and trends in administrative costs; and

 

(6) geographic location.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective July 1, 2023.


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Sec. 6.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.969, subdivision 9, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 9.  Disproportionate numbers of low-income patients served.  (a) For admissions occurring on or after July 1, 1993, the medical assistance disproportionate population adjustment shall comply with federal law and shall be paid to a hospital, excluding regional treatment centers and facilities of the federal Indian Health Service, with a medical assistance inpatient utilization rate in excess of the arithmetic mean.  The adjustment must be determined as follows:

 

(1) for a hospital with a medical assistance inpatient utilization rate above the arithmetic mean for all hospitals excluding regional treatment centers and facilities of the federal Indian Health Service but less than or equal to one standard deviation above the mean, the adjustment must be determined by multiplying the total of the operating and property payment rates by the difference between the hospital's actual medical assistance inpatient utilization rate and the arithmetic mean for all hospitals excluding regional treatment centers and facilities of the federal Indian Health Service; and

 

(2) for a hospital with a medical assistance inpatient utilization rate above one standard deviation above the mean, the adjustment must be determined by multiplying the adjustment that would be determined under clause (1) for that hospital by 1.1.  The commissioner shall report annually on the number of hospitals likely to receive the adjustment authorized by this paragraph.  The commissioner shall specifically report on the adjustments received by public hospitals and public hospital corporations located in cities of the first class.

 

(b) Certified public expenditures made by Hennepin County Medical Center shall be considered Medicaid disproportionate share hospital payments.  Hennepin County and Hennepin County Medical Center shall report by June 15, 2007, on payments made beginning July 1, 2005, or another date specified by the commissioner, that may qualify for reimbursement under federal law.  Based on these reports, the commissioner shall apply for federal matching funds.

 

(c) Upon federal approval of the related state plan amendment, paragraph (b) is effective retroactively from July 1, 2005, or the earliest effective date approved by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

 

(d) Effective July 1, 2015, disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments shall be paid in accordance with a new methodology using 2012 as the base year.  Annual payments made under this paragraph shall equal the total amount of payments made for 2012.  A licensed children's hospital shall receive only a single DSH factor for children's hospitals.  Other DSH factors may be combined to arrive at a single factor for each hospital that is eligible for DSH payments.  The new methodology shall make payments only to hospitals located in Minnesota and include the following factors:

 

(1) a licensed children's hospital with at least 1,000 fee-for-service discharges in the base year shall receive a factor of 0.868.  A licensed children's hospital with less than 1,000 fee-for-service discharges in the base year shall receive a factor of 0.7880;

 

(2) a hospital that has in effect for the initial rate year a contract with the commissioner to provide extended psychiatric inpatient services under section 256.9693 shall receive a factor of 0.0160;

 

(3) a hospital that has received medical assistance payment for at least 20 transplant services in the base year shall receive a factor of 0.0435;

 

(4) a hospital that has a medical assistance utilization rate in the base year between 20 percent up to one standard deviation above the statewide mean utilization rate shall receive a factor of 0.0468;

 

(5) a hospital that has a medical assistance utilization rate in the base year that is at least one standard deviation above the statewide mean utilization rate but is less than two and one-half standard deviations above the mean shall receive a factor of 0.2300; and


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(6) a hospital that is a level one trauma center and that has a medical assistance utilization rate in the base year that is at least two and one-half one-quarter standard deviations above the statewide mean utilization rate shall receive a factor of 0.3711.

 

(e) For the purposes of determining eligibility for the disproportionate share hospital factors in paragraph (d), clauses (1) to (6), the medical assistance utilization rate and discharge thresholds shall be measured using only one year when a two-year base period is used.

 

(f) Any payments or portion of payments made to a hospital under this subdivision that are subsequently returned to the commissioner because the payments are found to exceed the hospital-specific DSH limit for that hospital shall be redistributed, proportionate to the number of fee-for-service discharges, to other DSH-eligible non-children's hospitals that have a medical assistance utilization rate that is at least one standard deviation above the mean.

 

(g) An additional payment adjustment shall be established by the commissioner under this subdivision for a hospital that provides high levels of administering high-cost drugs to enrollees in fee-for-service medical assistance.  The commissioner shall consider factors including fee-for-service medical assistance utilization rates and payments made for drugs purchased through the 340B drug purchasing program and administered to fee-for-service enrollees.  If any part of this adjustment exceeds a hospital's hospital-specific disproportionate share hospital limit, the commissioner shall make a payment to the hospital that equals the nonfederal share of the amount that exceeds the limit.  The total nonfederal share of the amount of the payment adjustment under this paragraph shall not exceed $1,500,000.

 

Sec. 7.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.969, subdivision 25, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 25.  Long-term hospital rates.  (a) Long-term hospitals shall be paid on a per diem basis.

 

(b) For admissions occurring on or after April 1, 1995, a long-term hospital as designated by Medicare that does not have admissions in the base year shall have inpatient rates established at the average of other hospitals with the same designation.  For subsequent rate-setting periods in which base years are updated, the hospital's base year shall be the first Medicare cost report filed with the long-term hospital designation and shall remain in effect until it falls within the same period as other hospitals.

 

(c) For admissions occurring on or after July 1, 2023, long-term hospitals must be paid the higher of a per diem amount computed using the methodology described in subdivision 2b, paragraph (i), or the per diem rate as of July 1, 2021.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective July 1, 2023.

 

Sec. 8.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.969, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 31.  Long-acting reversible contraceptives.  (a) The commissioner must provide separate reimbursement to hospitals for long-acting reversible contraceptives provided immediately postpartum in the inpatient hospital setting.  This payment must be in addition to the diagnostic-related group reimbursement for labor and delivery and shall be made consistent with section 256B.0625, subdivision 13e, paragraph (e).

 

(b) The commissioner must require managed care and county-based purchasing plans to comply with this subdivision when providing services to medical assistance enrollees.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 9.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.04, subdivision 14, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 14.  Competitive bidding.  (a) When determined to be effective, economical, and feasible, the commissioner may utilize volume purchase through competitive bidding and negotiation under the provisions of chapter 16C, to provide items under the medical assistance program including but not limited to the following:


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(1) eyeglasses;

 

(2) oxygen.  The commissioner shall provide for oxygen needed in an emergency situation on a short-term basis, until the vendor can obtain the necessary supply from the contract dealer;

 

(3) hearing aids and supplies;

 

(4) durable medical equipment, including but not limited to:

 

(i) hospital beds;

 

(ii) commodes;

 

(iii) glide-about chairs;

 

(iv) patient lift apparatus;

 

(v) wheelchairs and accessories;

 

(vi) oxygen administration equipment;

 

(vii) respiratory therapy equipment;

 

(viii) electronic diagnostic, therapeutic and life-support systems; and

 

(ix) allergen-reducing products as described in section 256B.0625, subdivision 67, paragraph (c) or (d);

 

(5) nonemergency medical transportation level of need determinations, disbursement of public transportation passes and tokens, and volunteer and recipient mileage and parking reimbursements; and

 

(6) drugs.; and

 

(7) quitline services as described in section 256B.0625, subdivision 68, paragraph (c).

 

(b) Rate changes and recipient cost-sharing under this chapter and chapter 256L do not affect contract payments under this subdivision unless specifically identified.

 

(c) The commissioner may not utilize volume purchase through competitive bidding and negotiation under the provisions of chapter 16C for special transportation services or incontinence products and related supplies.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 10.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.055, subdivision 17, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 17.  Adults who were in foster care at the age of 18.  (a) Medical assistance may be paid for a person under 26 years of age who was in foster care under the commissioner's responsibility on the date of attaining 18 years of age, and who was enrolled in medical assistance under the state plan or a waiver of the plan while in foster care, in accordance with section 2004 of the Affordable Care Act.

 

(b) Beginning July 1, 2023, medical assistance may be paid for a person under 26 years of age who was in foster care on the date of attaining 18 years of age and enrolled in another state's Medicaid program while in foster care in accordance with the Substance Use-Disorder Prevention that Promotes Opioid Recovery and Treatment for Patients and Communities Act of 2018.  Public Law 115-271, section 1002.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.


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Sec. 11.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 3a, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 3a.  Sex reassignment surgery Gender-affirming services.  Sex reassignment surgery is not covered.  Medical assistance covers gender-affirming services.

 

Sec. 12.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 9, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 9.  Dental services.  (a) Medical assistance covers medically necessary dental services.

 

(b) Medical assistance dental coverage for nonpregnant adults is limited to the following services:

 

(1) comprehensive exams, limited to once every five years;

 

(2) periodic exams, limited to one per year;

 

(3) limited exams;

 

(4) bitewing x-rays, limited to one per year;

 

(5) periapical x-rays;

 

(6) panoramic x-rays, limited to one every five years except (1) when medically necessary for the diagnosis and follow-up of oral and maxillofacial pathology and trauma or (2) once every two years for patients who cannot cooperate for intraoral film due to a developmental disability or medical condition that does not allow for intraoral film placement;

 

(7) prophylaxis, limited to one per year;

 

(8) application of fluoride varnish, limited to one per year;

 

(9) posterior fillings, all at the amalgam rate;

 

(10) anterior fillings;

 

(11) endodontics, limited to root canals on the anterior and premolars only;

 

(12) removable prostheses, each dental arch limited to one every six years;

 

(13) oral surgery, limited to extractions, biopsies, and incision and drainage of abscesses;

 

(14) palliative treatment and sedative fillings for relief of pain;

 

(15) full-mouth debridement, limited to one every five years; and

 

(16) nonsurgical treatment for periodontal disease, including scaling and root planing once every two years for each quadrant, and routine periodontal maintenance procedures.

 

(c) In addition to the services specified in paragraph (b), medical assistance covers the following services for adults, if provided in an outpatient hospital setting or freestanding ambulatory surgical center as part of outpatient dental surgery:

 

(1) periodontics, limited to periodontal scaling and root planing once every two years;


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(2) general anesthesia; and

 

(3) full-mouth survey once every five years.

 

(d) Medical assistance covers medically necessary dental services for children and pregnant women.  The following guidelines apply:

 

(1) posterior fillings are paid at the amalgam rate;

 

(2) application of sealants are covered once every five years per permanent molar for children only;

 

(3) application of fluoride varnish is covered once every six months; and

 

(4) orthodontia is eligible for coverage for children only.

 

(e) (b) In addition to the services specified in paragraphs (b) and (c) paragraph (a), medical assistance covers the following services for adults:

 

(1) house calls or extended care facility calls for on-site delivery of covered services;

 

(2) behavioral management when additional staff time is required to accommodate behavioral challenges and sedation is not used;

 

(3) oral or IV sedation, if the covered dental service cannot be performed safely without it or would otherwise require the service to be performed under general anesthesia in a hospital or surgical center; and

 

(4) prophylaxis, in accordance with an appropriate individualized treatment plan, but no more than four times per year.

 

(f) (c) The commissioner shall not require prior authorization for the services included in paragraph (e) (b), clauses (1) to (3), and shall prohibit managed care and county-based purchasing plans from requiring prior authorization for the services included in paragraph (e) (b), clauses (1) to (3), when provided under sections 256B.69, 256B.692, and 256L.12.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.

 

Sec. 13.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 13c, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 13c.  Formulary Committee.  The commissioner, after receiving recommendations from professional medical associations and professional pharmacy associations, and consumer groups shall designate a Formulary Committee to carry out duties as described in subdivisions 13 to 13g.  The Formulary Committee shall be comprised of four at least five licensed physicians actively engaged in the practice of medicine in Minnesota, one of whom must be actively engaged in the treatment of persons with mental illness is an actively practicing psychiatrist, one of whom specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of rare diseases, one of whom specializes in pediatrics, and one of whom actively treats persons with disabilities; at least three licensed pharmacists actively engaged in the practice of pharmacy in Minnesota, one of whom practices outside the metropolitan counties listed in section 473.121, subdivision 4, one of whom practices in the metropolitan counties listed in section 473.121, subdivision 4, and one of whom is a practicing hospital pharmacist; and one at least four consumer representative representatives, all of whom must have a personal or professional connection to medical assistance; and one representative designated by the Minnesota Rare Disease Advisory Council established under section 256.4835; the remainder to be made up of health care professionals who are licensed in their field and have recognized knowledge in the clinically appropriate


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prescribing, dispensing, and monitoring of covered outpatient drugs.  Members of the Formulary Committee shall not be employed by the Department of Human Services, but the committee shall be staffed by an employee of the department who shall serve as an ex officio, nonvoting member of the committee.  The department's medical director shall also serve as an ex officio, nonvoting member for the committee.  Committee members shall serve three-year terms and may be reappointed by the commissioner.  The Formulary Committee shall meet at least twice once per year.  The commissioner may require more frequent Formulary Committee meetings as needed.  An honorarium of $100 per meeting and reimbursement for mileage shall be paid to each committee member in attendance.  Notwithstanding section 15.059, subdivision 6, the Formulary Committee expires June 30, 2023 does not expire.

 

Sec. 14.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 13e, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 13e.  Payment rates.  (a) The basis for determining the amount of payment shall be the lower of the ingredient costs of the drugs plus the professional dispensing fee; or the usual and customary price charged to the public.  The usual and customary price means the lowest price charged by the provider to a patient who pays for the prescription by cash, check, or charge account and includes prices the pharmacy charges to a patient enrolled in a prescription savings club or prescription discount club administered by the pharmacy or pharmacy chain.  The amount of payment basis must be reduced to reflect all discount amounts applied to the charge by any third-party provider/insurer agreement or contract for submitted charges to medical assistance programs.  The net submitted charge may not be greater than the patient liability for the service.  The professional dispensing fee shall be $10.77 for prescriptions filled with legend drugs meeting the definition of "covered outpatient drugs" according to United States Code, title 42, section 1396r-8(k)(2).  The dispensing fee for intravenous solutions that must be compounded by the pharmacist shall be $10.77 per claim.  The professional dispensing fee for prescriptions filled with over‑the‑counter drugs meeting the definition of covered outpatient drugs shall be $10.77 for dispensed quantities equal to or greater than the number of units contained in the manufacturer's original package.  The professional dispensing fee shall be prorated based on the percentage of the package dispensed when the pharmacy dispenses a quantity less than the number of units contained in the manufacturer's original package.  The pharmacy dispensing fee for prescribed over-the-counter drugs not meeting the definition of covered outpatient drugs shall be $3.65 for quantities equal to or greater than the number of units contained in the manufacturer's original package and shall be prorated based on the percentage of the package dispensed when the pharmacy dispenses a quantity less than the number of units contained in the manufacturer's original package.  The National Average Drug Acquisition Cost (NADAC) shall be used to determine the ingredient cost of a drug.  For drugs for which a NADAC is not reported, the commissioner shall estimate the ingredient cost at the wholesale acquisition cost minus two percent.  The ingredient cost of a drug for a provider participating in the federal 340B Drug Pricing Program shall be either the 340B Drug Pricing Program ceiling price established by the Health Resources and Services Administration or NADAC, whichever is lower.  Wholesale acquisition cost is defined as the manufacturer's list price for a drug or biological to wholesalers or direct purchasers in the United States, not including prompt pay or other discounts, rebates, or reductions in price, for the most recent month for which information is available, as reported in wholesale price guides or other publications of drug or biological pricing data.  The maximum allowable cost of a multisource drug may be set by the commissioner and it shall be comparable to the actual acquisition cost of the drug product and no higher than the NADAC of the generic product.  Establishment of the amount of payment for drugs shall not be subject to the requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act.

 

(b) Pharmacies dispensing prescriptions to residents of long-term care facilities using an automated drug distribution system meeting the requirements of section 151.58, or a packaging system meeting the packaging standards set forth in Minnesota Rules, part 6800.2700, that govern the return of unused drugs to the pharmacy for reuse, may employ retrospective billing for prescription drugs dispensed to long-term care facility residents.  A retrospectively billing pharmacy must submit a claim only for the quantity of medication used by the enrolled recipient during the defined billing period.  A retrospectively billing pharmacy must use a billing period not less than one calendar month or 30 days.


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(c) A pharmacy provider using packaging that meets the standards set forth in Minnesota Rules, part 6800.2700, is required to credit the department for the actual acquisition cost of all unused drugs that are eligible for reuse, unless the pharmacy is using retrospective billing.  The commissioner may permit the drug clozapine to be dispensed in a quantity that is less than a 30-day supply.

 

(d) If a pharmacy dispenses a multisource drug, the ingredient cost shall be the NADAC of the generic product or the maximum allowable cost established by the commissioner unless prior authorization for the brand name product has been granted according to the criteria established by the Drug Formulary Committee as required by subdivision 13f, paragraph (a), and the prescriber has indicated "dispense as written" on the prescription in a manner consistent with section 151.21, subdivision 2.

 

(e) The basis for determining the amount of payment for drugs administered in an outpatient setting shall be the lower of the usual and customary cost submitted by the provider, 106 percent of the average sales price as determined by the United States Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to title XVIII, section 1847a of the federal Social Security Act, the specialty pharmacy rate, or the maximum allowable cost set by the commissioner.  If average sales price is unavailable, the amount of payment must be lower of the usual and customary cost submitted by the provider, the wholesale acquisition cost, the specialty pharmacy rate, or the maximum allowable cost set by the commissioner.  The commissioner shall discount the payment rate for drugs obtained through the federal 340B Drug Pricing Program by 28.6 percent.  The payment for drugs administered in an outpatient setting shall be made to the administering facility or practitioner.  A retail or specialty pharmacy dispensing a drug for administration in an outpatient setting is not eligible for direct reimbursement.

 

(f) The commissioner may establish maximum allowable cost rates for specialty pharmacy products that are lower than the ingredient cost formulas specified in paragraph (a).  The commissioner may require individuals enrolled in the health care programs administered by the department to obtain specialty pharmacy products from providers with whom the commissioner has negotiated lower reimbursement rates.  Specialty pharmacy products are defined as those used by a small number of recipients or recipients with complex and chronic diseases that require expensive and challenging drug regimens.  Examples of these conditions include, but are not limited to:  multiple sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, transplantation, hepatitis C, growth hormone deficiency, Crohn's Disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and certain forms of cancer.  Specialty pharmaceutical products include injectable and infusion therapies, biotechnology drugs, antihemophilic factor products, high-cost therapies, and therapies that require complex care.  The commissioner shall consult with the Formulary Committee to develop a list of specialty pharmacy products subject to maximum allowable cost reimbursement.  In consulting with the Formulary Committee in developing this list, the commissioner shall take into consideration the population served by specialty pharmacy products, the current delivery system and standard of care in the state, and access to care issues.  The commissioner shall have the discretion to adjust the maximum allowable cost to prevent access to care issues.

 

(g) Home infusion therapy services provided by home infusion therapy pharmacies must be paid at rates according to subdivision 8d.

 

(h) The commissioner shall contract with a vendor to conduct a cost of dispensing survey for all pharmacies that are physically located in the state of Minnesota that dispense outpatient drugs under medical assistance.  The commissioner shall ensure that the vendor has prior experience in conducting cost of dispensing surveys.  Each pharmacy enrolled with the department to dispense outpatient prescription drugs to fee-for-service members must respond to the cost of dispensing survey.  The commissioner may sanction a pharmacy under section 256B.064 for failure to respond.  The commissioner shall require the vendor to measure a single statewide cost of dispensing for specialty prescription drugs and a single statewide cost of dispensing for nonspecialty prescription drugs for all responding pharmacies to measure the mean, mean weighted by total prescription volume, mean weighted by medical assistance prescription volume, median, median weighted by total prescription volume, and median weighted by total medical assistance prescription volume.  The commissioner shall post a copy of the final cost of dispensing survey report on the department's website.  The initial survey must be completed no later than January 1,


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2021, and repeated every three years.  The commissioner shall provide a summary of the results of each cost of dispensing survey and provide recommendations for any changes to the dispensing fee to the chairs and ranking members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over medical assistance pharmacy reimbursement.  Notwithstanding section 256.01, subdivision 42, this paragraph does not expire.

 

(i) The commissioner shall increase the ingredient cost reimbursement calculated in paragraphs (a) and (f) by 1.8 percent for prescription and nonprescription drugs subject to the wholesale drug distributor tax under section 295.52.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.

 

Sec. 15.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 13k.  Value-based purchasing arrangements.  (a) The commissioner may enter into a value-based purchasing arrangement under medical assistance or MinnesotaCare, by written arrangement with a drug manufacturer based on agreed-upon metrics.  The commissioner may contract with a vendor to implement and administer the value-based purchasing arrangement.  A value-based purchasing arrangement may include but is not limited to rebates, discounts, price reductions, risk sharing, reimbursements, guarantees, shared savings payments, withholds, or bonuses.  A value-based purchasing arrangement must provide at least the same value or discount in the aggregate as would claiming the mandatory federal drug rebate under the Federal Social Security Act, section 1927.

 

(b) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as requiring a drug manufacturer or the commissioner to enter into an arrangement as described in paragraph (a). 

 

(c) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as altering or modifying medical assistance coverage requirements under the federal Social Security Act, section 1927. 

 

(d) If the commissioner determines that a state plan amendment is necessary for implementation before implementing a value-based purchasing arrangement, the commissioner shall request the amendment and may delay implementing this provision until the amendment is approved.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective July 1, 2023.

 

Sec. 16.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 16, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 16.  Abortion services.  Medical assistance covers abortion services, but only if one of the following conditions is met: determined to be medically necessary by the treating provider and delivered in accordance with all applicable Minnesota laws.

 

(a) The abortion is a medical necessity.  "Medical necessity" means (1) the signed written statement of two physicians indicating the abortion is medically necessary to prevent the death of the mother, and (2) the patient has given her consent to the abortion in writing unless the patient is physically or legally incapable of providing informed consent to the procedure, in which case consent will be given as otherwise provided by law;

 

(b) The pregnancy is the result of criminal sexual conduct as defined in section 609.342, subdivision 1, clauses (a), (b), (c)(i) and (ii), and (e), and subdivision 1a, clauses (a), (b), (c)(i) and (ii), and (d), and the incident is reported within 48 hours after the incident occurs to a valid law enforcement agency for investigation, unless the victim is physically unable to report the criminal sexual conduct, in which case the report shall be made within 48 hours after the victim becomes physically able to report the criminal sexual conduct; or

 

(c) The pregnancy is the result of incest, but only if the incident and relative are reported to a valid law enforcement agency for investigation prior to the abortion.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.


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Sec. 17.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 22, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 22.  Hospice care.  Medical assistance covers hospice care services under Public Law 99-272, section 9505, to the extent authorized by rule, except that a recipient age 21 or under who elects to receive hospice services does not waive coverage for services that are related to the treatment of the condition for which a diagnosis of terminal illness has been made.  Hospice respite and end-of-life care under subdivision 22a are not hospice care services under this subdivision.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 18.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 22a.  Residential hospice facility; hospice respite and end-of-life care for children.  (a) Medical assistance covers hospice respite and end-of-life care if the care is for recipients age 21 or under who elect to receive hospice care delivered in a facility that is licensed under sections 144A.75 to 144A.755 and that is a residential hospice facility under section 144A.75, subdivision 13, paragraph (a).  Hospice care services under subdivision 22 are not hospice respite or end-of-life care under this subdivision. 

 

(b) The payment rates for coverage under this subdivision must be 100 percent of the Medicare rate for continuous home care hospice services as published in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services annual final rule updating payments and policies for hospice care.  The commissioner must seek to obtain federal financial participation for payment for hospice respite and end-of-life care under this subdivision.  Payment must be made using state-only money, if federal financial participation is not obtained.  Payment for hospice respite and end-of-life care must be paid to the residential hospice facility and are not included in any limit or cap amount applicable to hospice services payments to the elected hospice services provider.

 

(c) Certification of the residential hospice facility by the federal Medicare program must not be a requirement of medical assistance payment for hospice respite and end-of-life care under this subdivision.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 19.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 28b, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 28b.  Doula services.  Medical assistance covers doula services provided by a certified doula as defined in section 148.995, subdivision 2, of the mother's choice.  For purposes of this section, "doula services" means childbirth education and support services, including emotional and physical support provided during pregnancy, labor, birth, and postpartum.  The commissioner shall enroll doula agencies and individual treating doulas to provide direct reimbursement.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 20.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 30, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 30.  Other clinic services.  (a) Medical assistance covers rural health clinic services, federally qualified health center services, nonprofit community health clinic services, and public health clinic services.  Rural health clinic services and federally qualified health center services mean services defined in United States Code, title 42, section 1396d(a)(2)(B) and (C).  Payment for rural health clinic and federally qualified health center services shall be made according to applicable federal law and regulation.

 

(b) A federally qualified health center (FQHC) that is beginning initial operation shall submit an estimate of budgeted costs and visits for the initial reporting period in the form and detail required by the commissioner.  An FQHC that is already in operation shall submit an initial report using actual costs and visits for the initial reporting


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period.  Within 90 days of the end of its reporting period, an FQHC shall submit, in the form and detail required by the commissioner, a report of its operations, including allowable costs actually incurred for the period and the actual number of visits for services furnished during the period, and other information required by the commissioner.  FQHCs that file Medicare cost reports shall provide the commissioner with a copy of the most recent Medicare cost report filed with the Medicare program intermediary for the reporting year which support the costs claimed on their cost report to the state.

 

(c) In order to continue cost-based payment under the medical assistance program according to paragraphs (a) and (b), an FQHC or rural health clinic must apply for designation as an essential community provider within six months of final adoption of rules by the Department of Health according to section 62Q.19, subdivision 7.  For those FQHCs and rural health clinics that have applied for essential community provider status within the six-month time prescribed, medical assistance payments will continue to be made according to paragraphs (a) and (b) for the first three years after application.  For FQHCs and rural health clinics that either do not apply within the time specified above or who have had essential community provider status for three years, medical assistance payments for health services provided by these entities shall be according to the same rates and conditions applicable to the same service provided by health care providers that are not FQHCs or rural health clinics.

 

(d) Effective July 1, 1999, the provisions of paragraph (c) requiring an FQHC or a rural health clinic to make application for an essential community provider designation in order to have cost-based payments made according to paragraphs (a) and (b) no longer apply.

 

(e) Effective January 1, 2000, payments made according to paragraphs (a) and (b) shall be limited to the cost phase-out schedule of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.

 

(f) Effective January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2020, each FQHC and rural health clinic may elect to be paid either under the prospective payment system established in United States Code, title 42, section 1396a(aa), or under an alternative payment methodology consistent with the requirements of United States Code, title 42, section 1396a(aa), and approved by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.  The alternative payment methodology shall be 100 percent of cost as determined according to Medicare cost principles.

 

(g) Effective for services provided on or after January 1, 2021, all claims for payment of clinic services provided by FQHCs and rural health clinics shall be paid by the commissioner, according to an annual election by the FQHC or rural health clinic, under the current prospective payment system described in paragraph (f) or the alternative payment methodology described in paragraph (l), or, upon federal approval, for FQHCs that are also urban Indian organizations under Title V of the federal Indian Health Improvement Act, as provided under paragraph (k).

 

(h) For purposes of this section, "nonprofit community clinic" is a clinic that:

 

(1) has nonprofit status as specified in chapter 317A;

 

(2) has tax exempt status as provided in Internal Revenue Code, section 501(c)(3);

 

(3) is established to provide health services to low-income population groups, uninsured, high-risk and special needs populations, underserved and other special needs populations;

 

(4) employs professional staff at least one-half of which are familiar with the cultural background of their clients;

 

(5) charges for services on a sliding fee scale designed to provide assistance to low-income clients based on current poverty income guidelines and family size; and

 

(6) does not restrict access or services because of a client's financial limitations or public assistance status and provides no-cost care as needed.


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(i) Effective for services provided on or after January 1, 2015, all claims for payment of clinic services provided by FQHCs and rural health clinics shall be paid by the commissioner.  the commissioner shall determine the most feasible method for paying claims from the following options:

 

(1) FQHCs and rural health clinics submit claims directly to the commissioner for payment, and the commissioner provides claims information for recipients enrolled in a managed care or county-based purchasing plan to the plan, on a regular basis; or

 

(2) FQHCs and rural health clinics submit claims for recipients enrolled in a managed care or county-based purchasing plan to the plan, and those claims are submitted by the plan to the commissioner for payment to the clinic.

 

(j) For clinic services provided prior to January 1, 2015, the commissioner shall calculate and pay monthly the proposed managed care supplemental payments to clinics, and clinics shall conduct a timely review of the payment calculation data in order to finalize all supplemental payments in accordance with federal law.  Any issues arising from a clinic's review must be reported to the commissioner by January 1, 2017.  Upon final agreement between the commissioner and a clinic on issues identified under this subdivision, and in accordance with United States Code, title 42, section 1396a(bb), no supplemental payments for managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan claims for services provided prior to January 1, 2015, shall be made after June 30, 2017.  If the commissioner and clinics are unable to resolve issues under this subdivision, the parties shall submit the dispute to the arbitration process under section 14.57.

 

(k) The commissioner shall seek a federal waiver, authorized under section 1115 of the Social Security Act, to obtain federal financial participation at the 100 percent federal matching percentage available to facilities of the Indian Health Service or tribal organization in accordance with section 1905(b) of the Social Security Act for expenditures made to organizations dually certified under Title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, Public Law 94-437, and as a federally qualified health center under paragraph (a) that provides services to American Indian and Alaskan Native individuals eligible for services under this subdivision.

 

(k) The commissioner shall establish an encounter payment rate that is equivalent to the all inclusive rate (AIR) payment established by the Indian Health Service and published in the Federal Register.  The encounter rate must be updated annually and must reflect the changes in the AIR established by the Indian Health Service each calendar year.  FQHCs that are also urban Indian organizations under Title V of the federal Indian Health Improvement Act may elect to be paid:  (1) at the encounter rate established under this paragraph; (2) under the alternative payment methodology described in paragraph (l); or (3) under the federally required prospective payment system described in paragraph (f).  FQHCs that elect to be paid at the encounter rate established under this paragraph must continue to meet all state and federal requirements related to FQHCs and urban Indian organizations and must maintain their statuses as FQHCs and urban Indian organizations.

 

(l) All claims for payment of clinic services provided by FQHCs and rural health clinics, that have elected to be paid under this paragraph, shall be paid by the commissioner according to the following requirements:

 

(1) the commissioner shall establish a single medical and single dental organization encounter rate for each FQHC and rural health clinic when applicable;

 

(2) each FQHC and rural health clinic is eligible for same day reimbursement of one medical and one dental organization encounter rate if eligible medical and dental visits are provided on the same day;

 

(3) the commissioner shall reimburse FQHCs and rural health clinics, in accordance with current applicable Medicare cost principles, their allowable costs, including direct patient care costs and patient-related support services.  Nonallowable costs include, but are not limited to:

 

(i) general social services and administrative costs;

 

(ii) retail pharmacy;


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(iii) patient incentives, food, housing assistance, and utility assistance;

 

(iv) external lab and x-ray;

 

(v) navigation services;

 

(vi) health care taxes;

 

(vii) advertising, public relations, and marketing;

 

(viii) office entertainment costs, food, alcohol, and gifts;

 

(ix) contributions and donations;

 

(x) bad debts or losses on awards or contracts;

 

(xi) fines, penalties, damages, or other settlements;

 

(xii) fundraising, investment management, and associated administrative costs;

 

(xiii) research and associated administrative costs;

 

(xiv) nonpaid workers;

 

(xv) lobbying;

 

(xvi) scholarships and student aid; and

 

(xvii) nonmedical assistance covered services;

 

(4) the commissioner shall review the list of nonallowable costs in the years between the rebasing process established in clause (5), in consultation with the Minnesota Association of Community Health Centers, FQHCs, and rural health clinics.  The commissioner shall publish the list and any updates in the Minnesota health care programs provider manual;

 

(5) the initial applicable base year organization encounter rates for FQHCs and rural health clinics shall be computed for services delivered on or after January 1, 2021, and:

 

(i) must be determined using each FQHC's and rural health clinic's Medicare cost reports from 2017 and 2018;

 

(ii) must be according to current applicable Medicare cost principles as applicable to FQHCs and rural health clinics without the application of productivity screens and upper payment limits or the Medicare prospective payment system FQHC aggregate mean upper payment limit;

 

(iii) must be subsequently rebased every two years thereafter using the Medicare cost reports that are three and four years prior to the rebasing year.  Years in which organizational cost or claims volume is reduced or altered due to a pandemic, disease, or other public health emergency shall not be used as part of a base year when the base year includes more than one year.  The commissioner may use the Medicare cost reports of a year unaffected by a pandemic, disease, or other public health emergency, or previous two consecutive years, inflated to the base year as established under item (iv);

 

(iv) must be inflated to the base year using the inflation factor described in clause (6); and

 

(v) the commissioner must provide for a 60-day appeals process under section 14.57;


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(6) the commissioner shall annually inflate the applicable organization encounter rates for FQHCs and rural health clinics from the base year payment rate to the effective date by using the CMS FQHC Market Basket inflator established under United States Code, title 42, section 1395m(o), less productivity;

 

(7) FQHCs and rural health clinics that have elected the alternative payment methodology under this paragraph shall submit all necessary documentation required by the commissioner to compute the rebased organization encounter rates no later than six months following the date the applicable Medicare cost reports are due to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services;

 

(8) the commissioner shall reimburse FQHCs and rural health clinics an additional amount relative to their medical and dental organization encounter rates that is attributable to the tax required to be paid according to section 295.52, if applicable;

 

(9) FQHCs and rural health clinics may submit change of scope requests to the commissioner if the change of scope would result in an increase or decrease of 2.5 percent or higher in the medical or dental organization encounter rate currently received by the FQHC or rural health clinic;

 

(10) for FQHCs and rural health clinics seeking a change in scope with the commissioner under clause (9) that requires the approval of the scope change by the federal Health Resources Services Administration:

 

(i) FQHCs and rural health clinics shall submit the change of scope request, including the start date of services, to the commissioner within seven business days of submission of the scope change to the federal Health Resources Services Administration;

 

(ii) the commissioner shall establish the effective date of the payment change as the federal Health Resources Services Administration date of approval of the FQHC's or rural health clinic's scope change request, or the effective start date of services, whichever is later; and

 

(iii) within 45 days of one year after the effective date established in item (ii), the commissioner shall conduct a retroactive review to determine if the actual costs established under clause (3) or encounters result in an increase or decrease of 2.5 percent or higher in the medical or dental organization encounter rate, and if this is the case, the commissioner shall revise the rate accordingly and shall adjust payments retrospectively to the effective date established in item (ii);

 

(11) for change of scope requests that do not require federal Health Resources Services Administration approval, the FQHC and rural health clinic shall submit the request to the commissioner before implementing the change, and the effective date of the change is the date the commissioner received the FQHC's or rural health clinic's request, or the effective start date of the service, whichever is later.  The commissioner shall provide a response to the FQHC's or rural health clinic's request within 45 days of submission and provide a final approval within 120 days of submission.  This timeline may be waived at the mutual agreement of the commissioner and the FQHC or rural health clinic if more information is needed to evaluate the request;

 

(12) the commissioner, when establishing organization encounter rates for new FQHCs and rural health clinics, shall consider the patient caseload of existing FQHCs and rural health clinics in a 60-mile radius for organizations established outside of the seven-county metropolitan area, and in a 30-mile radius for organizations in the seven‑county metropolitan area.  If this information is not available, the commissioner may use Medicare cost reports or audited financial statements to establish base rates;

 

(13) the commissioner shall establish a quality measures workgroup that includes representatives from the Minnesota Association of Community Health Centers, FQHCs, and rural health clinics, to evaluate clinical and nonclinical measures; and


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(14) the commissioner shall not disallow or reduce costs that are related to an FQHC's or rural health clinic's participation in health care educational programs to the extent that the costs are not accounted for in the alternative payment methodology encounter rate established in this paragraph.

 

(m) Effective July 1, 2023, an enrolled Indian health service facility or a Tribal health center operating under a 638 contract or compact may elect to also enroll as a Tribal FQHC.  Requirements that otherwise apply to an FQHC covered in this subdivision do not apply to a Tribal FQHC enrolled under this paragraph, except that any requirements necessary to comply with federal regulations do apply to a Tribal FQHC.  The commissioner shall establish an alternative payment method for a Tribal FQHC enrolled under this paragraph that uses the same method and rates applicable to a Tribal facility or health center that does not enroll as a Tribal FQHC.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2026, or upon federal approval, whichever is later, except that paragraph (m) is effective July 1, 2023.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 21.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 31, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 31.  Medical supplies and equipment.  (a) Medical assistance covers medical supplies and equipment.  Separate payment outside of the facility's payment rate shall be made for wheelchairs and wheelchair accessories for recipients who are residents of intermediate care facilities for the developmentally disabled.  Reimbursement for wheelchairs and wheelchair accessories for ICF/DD recipients shall be subject to the same conditions and limitations as coverage for recipients who do not reside in institutions.  A wheelchair purchased outside of the facility's payment rate is the property of the recipient.

 

(b) Vendors of durable medical equipment, prosthetics, orthotics, or medical supplies must enroll as a Medicare provider.

 

(c) When necessary to ensure access to durable medical equipment, prosthetics, orthotics, or medical supplies, the commissioner may exempt a vendor from the Medicare enrollment requirement if:

 

(1) the vendor supplies only one type of durable medical equipment, prosthetic, orthotic, or medical supply;

 

(2) the vendor serves ten or fewer medical assistance recipients per year;

 

(3) the commissioner finds that other vendors are not available to provide same or similar durable medical equipment, prosthetics, orthotics, or medical supplies; and

 

(4) the vendor complies with all screening requirements in this chapter and Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, part 455.  The commissioner may also exempt a vendor from the Medicare enrollment requirement if the vendor is accredited by a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved national accreditation organization as complying with the Medicare program's supplier and quality standards and the vendor serves primarily pediatric patients.

 

(d) Durable medical equipment means a device or equipment that:

 

(1) can withstand repeated use;

 

(2) is generally not useful in the absence of an illness, injury, or disability; and

 

(3) is provided to correct or accommodate a physiological disorder or physical condition or is generally used primarily for a medical purpose.

 

(e) Electronic tablets may be considered durable medical equipment if the electronic tablet will be used as an augmentative and alternative communication system as defined under subdivision 31a, paragraph (a).  To be covered by medical assistance, the device must be locked in order to prevent use not related to communication.


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(f) Notwithstanding the requirement in paragraph (e) that an electronic tablet must be locked to prevent use not as an augmentative communication device, a recipient of waiver services may use an electronic tablet for a use not related to communication when the recipient has been authorized under the waiver to receive one or more additional applications that can be loaded onto the electronic tablet, such that allowing the additional use prevents the purchase of a separate electronic tablet with waiver funds.

 

(g) An order or prescription for medical supplies, equipment, or appliances must meet the requirements in Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, part 440.70.

 

(h) Allergen-reducing products provided according to subdivision 67, paragraph (c) or (d), shall be considered durable medical equipment.

 

(i) Seizure detection devices are covered as durable medical equipment under this subdivision if:

 

(1) the seizure detection device is medically appropriate based on the recipient's medical condition or status; and

 

(2) the recipient's health care provider has identified that a seizure detection device would:

 

(i) likely assist in reducing bodily harm to or death of the recipient as a result of the recipient experiencing a seizure; or

 

(ii) provide data to the health care provider necessary to appropriately diagnose or treat a health condition of the recipient that causes the seizure activity.

 

(j) For the purposes of paragraph (i), "seizure detection device" means a United States Food and Drug Administration-approved monitoring device and related service or subscription supporting the prescribed use of the device, including technology that provides ongoing patient monitoring and alert services that detect seizure activity and transmit notification of the seizure activity to a caregiver for appropriate medical response or collects data of the seizure activity of the recipient that can be used by a health care provider to diagnose or appropriately treat a health care condition that causes the seizure activity.  The medical assistance reimbursement rate for a subscription supporting the prescribed use of a seizure detection device is 60 percent of the rate for monthly remote monitoring under the medical assistance telemonitoring benefit.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 22.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, subdivision 34, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 34.  Indian health services facilities.  (a) Medical assistance payments and MinnesotaCare payments to facilities of the Indian health service and facilities operated by a tribe or tribal organization under funding authorized by United States Code, title 25, sections 450f to 450n, or title III of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, Public Law 93-638, for enrollees who are eligible for federal financial participation, shall be at the option of the facility in accordance with the rate published by the United States Assistant Secretary for Health under the authority of United States Code, title 42, sections 248(a) and 249(b).  MinnesotaCare payments for enrollees who are not eligible for federal financial participation at facilities of the Indian health service and facilities operated by a tribe or tribal organization for the provision of outpatient medical services must be in accordance with the medical assistance rates paid for the same services when provided in a facility other than a facility of the Indian health service or a facility operated by a tribe or tribal organization.

 

(b) Effective upon federal approval, the medical assistance payments to a dually certified facility as defined in subdivision 30, paragraph (j), shall be the encounter rate described in paragraph (a) or a rate that is substantially equivalent for services provided to American Indians and Alaskan Native populations.  The rate established under this paragraph for dually certified facilities shall not apply to MinnesotaCare payments.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2026, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.


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Sec. 23.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 68.  Tobacco and nicotine cessation.  (a) Medical assistance covers tobacco and nicotine cessation services, drugs to treat tobacco and nicotine addiction or dependence, and drugs to help individuals discontinue use of tobacco and nicotine products.  Medical assistance must cover services and drugs as provided in this subdivision consistent with evidence-based or evidence-informed best practices.

 

(b) Medical assistance must cover in-person individual and group tobacco and nicotine cessation education and counseling services if provided by a health care practitioner whose scope of practice encompasses tobacco and nicotine cessation education and counseling.  Service providers include but are not limited to the following:

 

(1) mental health practitioners under section 245.462, subdivision 17;

 

(2) mental health professionals under section 245.462, subdivision 18;

 

(3) mental health certified peer specialists under section 256B.0615;

 

(4) alcohol and drug counselors licensed under chapter 148F;

 

(5) recovery peers as defined in section 245F.02, subdivision 21;

 

(6) certified tobacco treatment specialists;

 

(7) community health workers;

 

(8) physicians;

 

(9) physician assistants;

 

(10) advanced practice registered nurses; or

 

(11) other licensed or nonlicensed professionals or paraprofessionals with training in providing tobacco and nicotine cessation education and counseling services.

 

(c) Medical assistance covers telephone cessation counseling services provided through a quitline.  Notwithstanding section 256B.0625, subdivision 3b, quitline services may be provided through audio-only communications.  The commissioner of human services may utilize volume purchasing for quitline services consistent with section 256B.04, subdivision 14.

 

(d) Medical assistance must cover all prescription and over-the-counter pharmacotherapy drugs approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for cessation of tobacco and nicotine use or treatment of tobacco and nicotine dependence, and that are subject to a Medicaid drug rebate agreement.

 

(e) Services covered under this subdivision may be provided by telemedicine.

 

(f) The commissioner must not:

 

(1) restrict or limit the type, duration, or frequency of tobacco and nicotine cessation services;

 

(2) prohibit the simultaneous use of multiple cessation services, including but not limited to simultaneous use of counseling and drugs;

 

(3) require counseling before receiving drugs or as a condition of receiving drugs;


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(4) limit pharmacotherapy drug dosage amounts for a dosing regimen for treatment of a medically accepted indication as defined in United States Code, title 14, section 1396r-8(K)(6); limit dosing frequency; or impose duration limits;

 

(5) prohibit simultaneous use of multiple drugs, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs;

 

(6) require or authorize step therapy; or

 

(7) require or utilize prior authorization for any tobacco and nicotine cessation services and drugs covered under this subdivision.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 24.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0625, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 69.  Recuperative care services.  (a) Medical assistance covers recuperative care services provided in a setting that meets the requirements in paragraph (b) for recipients who meet the eligibility requirements in paragraph (c).  For purposes of this subdivision, "recuperative care" means a model of care that prevents hospitalization or that provides postacute medical care and support services for recipients experiencing homelessness who are too ill or frail to recover from a physical illness or injury while living in a shelter or are otherwise unhoused but who are not sick enough to be hospitalized, or remain hospitalized, or to need other levels of care.

 

(b) Recuperative care may be provided in any setting, including but not limited to homeless shelters, congregate care settings, single-room occupancy settings, or supportive housing, so long as the provider of recuperative care or provider of housing is able to provide to the recipient within the designated setting, at a minimum:

 

(1) 24-hour access to a bed and bathroom;

 

(2) access to three meals a day;

 

(3) availability to environmental services;

 

(4) access to a telephone;

 

(5) a secure place to store belongings; and

 

(6) staff available within the setting to provide a wellness check as needed, but at a minimum at least once every 24 hours.

 

(c) To be eligible for this covered service, a recipient must:

 

(1) be 21 years of age or older;

 

(2) be experiencing homelessness;

 

(3) be in need of short-term acute medical care for a period of no more than 60 days;

 

(4) meet clinical criteria, as established by the commissioner, that indicates that the recipient is in need of recuperative care; and

 

(5) not have behavioral health needs that are greater than what can be managed by the provider within the setting.


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(d) Payment for recuperative care shall consist of two components.  The first component must be for the services provided to the member and is a bundled daily per diem payment of at least $300 per day.  The second component must be for the facility costs and must be paid using state funds equivalent to the amount paid as the medical assistance room and board rate and annual adjustments.  The eligibility standards in chapter 256I shall not apply.  The second component is only paid when the first component is paid to a provider.  Providers may opt to only be reimbursed for the first component.  A provider under this subdivision means a recuperative care provider and is defined by the standards established by the National Institute for Medical Respite Care.  Services provided within the bundled payment may include but are not limited to:

 

(1) basic nursing care, including:

 

(i) monitoring a patient's physical health and pain level;

 

(ii) providing wound care;

 

(iii) medication support;

 

(iv) patient education;

 

(v) immunization review and update; and

 

(vi) establishing clinical goals for the recuperative care period and discharge plan;

 

(2) care coordination, including:

 

(i) initial assessment of medical, behavioral, and social needs;

 

(ii) development of a care plan;

 

(iii) support and referral assistance for legal services, housing, community social services, case management, health care benefits, health and other eligible benefits, and transportation needs and services; and

 

(iv) monitoring and follow-up to ensure that the care plan is effectively implemented to address the medical, behavioral, and social needs;

 

(3) basic behavioral needs, including counseling and peer support, that can be provided in this recuperative care setting; and

 

(4) services provided by a community health worker as defined under subdivision 49.

 

(e) Before a recipient is discharged from a recuperative care setting, the provider must ensure that the recipient's acute medical condition is stabilized or that the recipient is being discharged to a setting that is able to meet that recipient's needs.

 

(f) If a recipient is temporarily absent due to an admission at a residential behavioral health facility, inpatient hospital, or nursing facility for a period of time exceeding the limits described in paragraph (d), the agency may request in a format prescribed by the commissioner an absence day limit exception to continue payments until the recipient is discharged.


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(g) The commissioner shall submit an initial report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over health and human services finance and policy by February 1, 2025, and a final report by February 1, 2027, on coverage of recuperative care services.  The reports must include but are not limited to:

 

(1) a list of the recuperative care services in Minnesota and the number of recipients;

 

(2) the estimated return on investment, including health care savings due to reduced hospitalizations;

 

(3) follow-up information, if available, on whether recipients' hospital visits decreased since recuperative care services were provided compared to before the services were provided; and

 

(4) any other information that can be used to determine the effectiveness of the program and its funding, including recommendations for improvements to the program.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 25.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.196, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Commissioner's duties.  (a) For the purposes of this subdivision and subdivision 3, the commissioner shall determine the fee-for-service outpatient hospital services upper payment limit for nonstate government hospitals.  The commissioner shall then determine the amount of a supplemental payment to Hennepin County Medical Center and Regions Hospital for these services that would increase medical assistance spending in this category to the aggregate upper payment limit for all nonstate government hospitals in Minnesota.  In making this determination, the commissioner shall allot the available increases between Hennepin County Medical Center and Regions Hospital based on the ratio of medical assistance fee-for-service outpatient hospital payments to the two facilities.  The commissioner shall adjust this allotment as necessary based on federal approvals, the amount of intergovernmental transfers received from Hennepin and Ramsey Counties, and other factors, in order to maximize the additional total payments.  The commissioner shall inform Hennepin County and Ramsey County of the periodic intergovernmental transfers necessary to match federal Medicaid payments available under this subdivision in order to make supplementary medical assistance payments to Hennepin County Medical Center and Regions Hospital equal to an amount that when combined with existing medical assistance payments to nonstate governmental hospitals would increase total payments to hospitals in this category for outpatient services to the aggregate upper payment limit for all hospitals in this category in Minnesota.  Upon receipt of these periodic transfers, the commissioner shall make supplementary payments to Hennepin County Medical Center and Regions Hospital.

 

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision and subdivision 3, the commissioner shall determine an upper payment limit for physicians and other billing professionals affiliated with Hennepin County Medical Center and with Regions Hospital.  The upper payment limit shall be based on the average commercial rate or be determined using another method acceptable to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.  The commissioner shall inform Hennepin County and Ramsey County of the periodic intergovernmental transfers necessary to match the federal Medicaid payments available under this subdivision in order to make supplementary payments to physicians and other billing professionals affiliated with Hennepin County Medical Center and to make supplementary payments to physicians and other billing professionals affiliated with Regions Hospital through HealthPartners Medical Group equal to the difference between the established medical assistance payment for physician and other billing professional services and the upper payment limit.  Upon receipt of these periodic transfers, the commissioner shall make supplementary payments to physicians and other billing professionals affiliated with Hennepin County Medical Center and shall make supplementary payments to physicians and other billing professionals affiliated with Regions Hospital through HealthPartners Medical Group.

 

(c) Beginning January 1, 2010, Ramsey County may make monthly voluntary intergovernmental transfers to the commissioner in amounts not to exceed $6,000,000 per year.  The commissioner shall increase the medical assistance capitation payments to any licensed health plan under contract with the medical assistance program that agrees to make enhanced payments to Regions Hospital.  The increase shall be in an amount equal to the annual


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value of the monthly transfers plus federal financial participation, with each health plan receiving its pro rata share of the increase based on the pro rata share of medical assistance admissions to Regions Hospital by those plans.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "the base amount" means the total annual value of increased medical assistance capitation payments, including the voluntary intergovernmental transfers, under this paragraph in calendar year 2017.  For managed care contracts beginning on or after January 1, 2018, the commissioner shall reduce the total annual value of increased medical assistance capitation payments under this paragraph by an amount equal to ten percent of the base amount, and by an additional ten percent of the base amount for each subsequent contract year until December 31, 2025.  Upon the request of the commissioner, health plans shall submit individual-level cost data for verification purposes.  The commissioner may ratably reduce these payments on a pro rata basis in order to satisfy federal requirements for actuarial soundness.  If payments are reduced, transfers shall be reduced accordingly.  Any licensed health plan that receives increased medical assistance capitation payments under the intergovernmental transfer described in this paragraph shall increase its medical assistance payments to Regions Hospital by the same amount as the increased payments received in the capitation payment described in this paragraph.  This paragraph expires January 1, 2026.

 

(d) For the purposes of this subdivision and subdivision 3, the commissioner shall determine an upper payment limit for ambulance services affiliated with Hennepin County Medical Center and the city of St. Paul, and ambulance services owned and operated by another governmental entity that chooses to participate by requesting the commissioner to determine an upper payment limit.  The upper payment limit shall be based on the average commercial rate or be determined using another method acceptable to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.  The commissioner shall inform Hennepin County, the city of St. Paul, and other participating governmental entities of the periodic intergovernmental transfers necessary to match the federal Medicaid payments available under this subdivision in order to make supplementary payments to Hennepin County Medical Center, the city of St. Paul, and other participating governmental entities equal to the difference between the established medical assistance payment for ambulance services and the upper payment limit.  Upon receipt of these periodic transfers, the commissioner shall make supplementary payments to Hennepin County Medical Center, the city of St. Paul, and other participating governmental entities.  A tribal government that owns and operates an ambulance service is not eligible to participate under this subdivision.

 

(e) For the purposes of this subdivision and subdivision 3, the commissioner shall determine an upper payment limit for physicians, dentists, and other billing professionals affiliated with the University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota Physicians.  The upper payment limit shall be based on the average commercial rate or be determined using another method acceptable to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.  The commissioner shall inform the University of Minnesota Medical School and University of Minnesota School of Dentistry of the periodic intergovernmental transfers necessary to match the federal Medicaid payments available under this subdivision in order to make supplementary payments to physicians, dentists, and other billing professionals affiliated with the University of Minnesota and the University of Minnesota Physicians equal to the difference between the established medical assistance payment for physician, dentist, and other billing professional services and the upper payment limit.  Upon receipt of these periodic transfers, the commissioner shall make supplementary payments to physicians, dentists, and other billing professionals affiliated with the University of Minnesota and the University of Minnesota Physicians.

 

(f) The commissioner shall inform the transferring governmental entities on an ongoing basis of the need for any changes needed in the intergovernmental transfers in order to continue the payments under paragraphs (a) to (e), at their maximum level, including increases in upper payment limits, changes in the federal Medicaid match, and other factors.

 

(g) The payments in paragraphs (a) to (e) shall be implemented independently of each other, subject to federal approval and to the receipt of transfers under subdivision 3.

 

(h) All of the data and funding transactions related to the payments in paragraphs (a) to (e) shall be between the commissioner and the governmental entities.  The commissioner shall not make payments to governmental entities eligible to receive payments described in paragraphs (a) to (e) that fail to submit the data needed to compute the payments within 24 months of the initial request from the commissioner.


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(i) For purposes of this subdivision, billing professionals are limited to physicians, nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, clinical nurse specialists, physician assistants, anesthesiologists, certified registered nurse anesthetists, dentists, dental hygienists, and dental therapists.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective July 1, 2023.

 

Sec. 26.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.69, subdivision 5a, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 5a.  Managed care contracts.  (a) Managed care contracts under this section and section 256L.12 shall be entered into or renewed on a calendar year basis.  The commissioner may issue separate contracts with requirements specific to services to medical assistance recipients age 65 and older.

 

(b) A prepaid health plan providing covered health services for eligible persons pursuant to chapters 256B and 256L is responsible for complying with the terms of its contract with the commissioner.  Requirements applicable to managed care programs under chapters 256B and 256L established after the effective date of a contract with the commissioner take effect when the contract is next issued or renewed.

 

(c) The commissioner shall withhold five percent of managed care plan payments under this section and county‑based purchasing plan payments under section 256B.692 for the prepaid medical assistance program pending completion of performance targets.  Each performance target must be quantifiable, objective, measurable, and reasonably attainable, except in the case of a performance target based on a federal or state law or rule.  Criteria for assessment of each performance target must be outlined in writing prior to the contract effective date.  Clinical or utilization performance targets and their related criteria must consider evidence-based research and reasonable interventions when available or applicable to the populations served, and must be developed with input from external clinical experts and stakeholders, including managed care plans, county-based purchasing plans, and providers.  The managed care or county-based purchasing plan must demonstrate, to the commissioner's satisfaction, that the data submitted regarding attainment of the performance target is accurate.  The commissioner shall periodically change the administrative measures used as performance targets in order to improve plan performance across a broader range of administrative services.  The performance targets must include measurement of plan efforts to contain spending on health care services and administrative activities.  The commissioner may adopt plan‑specific performance targets that take into account factors affecting only one plan, including characteristics of the plan's enrollee population.  The withheld funds must be returned no sooner than July of the following year if performance targets in the contract are achieved.  The commissioner may exclude special demonstration projects under subdivision 23.

 

(d) The commissioner shall require that managed care plans:

 

(1) use the assessment and authorization processes, forms, timelines, standards, documentation, and data reporting requirements, protocols, billing processes, and policies consistent with medical assistance fee-for-service or the Department of Human Services contract requirements for all personal care assistance services under section 256B.0659 and community first services and supports under section 256B.85; and

 

(2) by January 30 of each year that follows a rate increase for any aspect of services under section 256B.0659 or 256B.85, inform the commissioner and the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over rates determined under section 256B.851 of the amount of the rate increase that is paid to each personal care assistance provider agency with which the plan has a contract.

 

(e) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2012, the commissioner shall include as part of the performance targets described in paragraph (c) a reduction in the health plan's emergency department utilization rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, as determined by the commissioner.  For 2012, the reduction shall be based on the health plan's utilization in 2009.  To earn the return of the withhold each subsequent year, the


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managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan must achieve a qualifying reduction of no less than ten percent of the plan's emergency department utilization rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, excluding enrollees in programs described in subdivisions 23 and 28, compared to the previous measurement year until the final performance target is reached.  When measuring performance, the commissioner must consider the difference in health risk in a managed care or county-based purchasing plan's membership in the baseline year compared to the measurement year, and work with the managed care or county-based purchasing plan to account for differences that they agree are significant.

 

The withheld funds must be returned no sooner than July 1 and no later than July 31 of the following calendar year if the managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commissioner that a reduction in the utilization rate was achieved.  The commissioner shall structure the withhold so that the commissioner returns a portion of the withheld funds in amounts commensurate with achieved reductions in utilization less than the targeted amount.

 

The withhold described in this paragraph shall continue for each consecutive contract period until the plan's emergency room utilization rate for state health care program enrollees is reduced by 25 percent of the plan's emergency room utilization rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees for calendar year 2009.  Hospitals shall cooperate with the health plans in meeting this performance target and shall accept payment withholds that may be returned to the hospitals if the performance target is achieved.

 

(f) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2012, the commissioner shall include as part of the performance targets described in paragraph (c) a reduction in the plan's hospitalization admission rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, as determined by the commissioner.  To earn the return of the withhold each year, the managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan must achieve a qualifying reduction of no less than five percent of the plan's hospital admission rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, excluding enrollees in programs described in subdivisions 23 and 28, compared to the previous calendar year until the final performance target is reached.  When measuring performance, the commissioner must consider the difference in health risk in a managed care or county-based purchasing plan's membership in the baseline year compared to the measurement year, and work with the managed care or county-based purchasing plan to account for differences that they agree are significant.

 

The withheld funds must be returned no sooner than July 1 and no later than July 31 of the following calendar year if the managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commissioner that this reduction in the hospitalization rate was achieved.  The commissioner shall structure the withhold so that the commissioner returns a portion of the withheld funds in amounts commensurate with achieved reductions in utilization less than the targeted amount.

 

The withhold described in this paragraph shall continue until there is a 25 percent reduction in the hospital admission rate compared to the hospital admission rates in calendar year 2011, as determined by the commissioner.  The hospital admissions in this performance target do not include the admissions applicable to the subsequent hospital admission performance target under paragraph (g).  Hospitals shall cooperate with the plans in meeting this performance target and shall accept payment withholds that may be returned to the hospitals if the performance target is achieved.

 

(g) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2012, the commissioner shall include as part of the performance targets described in paragraph (c) a reduction in the plan's hospitalization admission rates for subsequent hospitalizations within 30 days of a previous hospitalization of a patient regardless of the reason, for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, as determined by the commissioner.  To earn the return of the withhold each year, the managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan must achieve a qualifying reduction of the subsequent hospitalization rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, excluding enrollees in programs described in subdivisions 23 and 28, of no less than five percent compared to the previous calendar year until the final performance target is reached.


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The withheld funds must be returned no sooner than July 1 and no later than July 31 of the following calendar year if the managed care plan or county-based purchasing plan demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commissioner that a qualifying reduction in the subsequent hospitalization rate was achieved.  The commissioner shall structure the withhold so that the commissioner returns a portion of the withheld funds in amounts commensurate with achieved reductions in utilization less than the targeted amount.

 

The withhold described in this paragraph must continue for each consecutive contract period until the plan's subsequent hospitalization rate for medical assistance and MinnesotaCare enrollees, excluding enrollees in programs described in subdivisions 23 and 28, is reduced by 25 percent of the plan's subsequent hospitalization rate for calendar year 2011.  Hospitals shall cooperate with the plans in meeting this performance target and shall accept payment withholds that must be returned to the hospitals if the performance target is achieved.

 

(h) (e) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2013, the commissioner shall withhold 4.5 percent of managed care plan payments under this section and county-based purchasing plan payments under section 256B.692 for the prepaid medical assistance program.  The withheld funds must be returned no sooner than July 1 and no later than July 31 of the following year.  The commissioner may exclude special demonstration projects under subdivision 23.

 

(i) (f) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2014, the commissioner shall withhold three percent of managed care plan payments under this section and county-based purchasing plan payments under section 256B.692 for the prepaid medical assistance program.  The withheld funds must be returned no sooner than July 1 and no later than July 31 of the following year.  The commissioner may exclude special demonstration projects under subdivision 23.

 

(j) (g) A managed care plan or a county-based purchasing plan under section 256B.692 may include as admitted assets under section 62D.044 any amount withheld under this section that is reasonably expected to be returned.

 

(k) (h) Contracts between the commissioner and a prepaid health plan are exempt from the set-aside and preference provisions of section 16C.16, subdivisions 6, paragraph (a), and 7.

 

(l) (i) The return of the withhold under paragraphs (h) and (i) is not subject to the requirements of paragraph (c).

 

(m) (j) Managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans shall maintain current and fully executed agreements for all subcontractors, including bargaining groups, for administrative services that are expensed to the state's public health care programs.  Subcontractor agreements determined to be material, as defined by the commissioner after taking into account state contracting and relevant statutory requirements, must be in the form of a written instrument or electronic document containing the elements of offer, acceptance, consideration, payment terms, scope, duration of the contract, and how the subcontractor services relate to state public health care programs.  Upon request, the commissioner shall have access to all subcontractor documentation under this paragraph.  Nothing in this paragraph shall allow release of information that is nonpublic data pursuant to section 13.02.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 27.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.76, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  Physician reimbursement.  (a) Effective for services rendered on or after October 1, 1992, the commissioner shall make payments for physician services as follows:

 

(1) payment for level one Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' common procedural coding system codes titled "office and other outpatient services," "preventive medicine new and established patient," "delivery, antepartum, and postpartum care," "critical care," cesarean delivery and pharmacologic management provided to psychiatric patients, and level three codes for enhanced services for prenatal high risk, shall be paid at the lower of (i) submitted charges, or (ii) 25 percent above the rate in effect on June 30, 1992;


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(2) payments for all other services shall be paid at the lower of (i) submitted charges, or (ii) 15.4 percent above the rate in effect on June 30, 1992; and

 

(3) all physician rates shall be converted from the 50th percentile of 1982 to the 50th percentile of 1989, less the percent in aggregate necessary to equal the above increases except that payment rates for home health agency services shall be the rates in effect on September 30, 1992.

 

(b) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2000, payment rates for physician and professional services shall be increased by three percent over the rates in effect on December 31, 1999, except for home health agency and family planning agency services.  The increases in this paragraph shall be implemented January 1, 2000, for managed care.

 

(c) Effective for services rendered on or after July 1, 2009, payment rates for physician and professional services shall be reduced by five percent, except that for the period July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2010, payment rates shall be reduced by 6.5 percent for the medical assistance and general assistance medical care programs, over the rates in effect on June 30, 2009.  This reduction and the reductions in paragraph (d) do not apply to office or other outpatient visits, preventive medicine visits and family planning visits billed by physicians, advanced practice nurses, or physician assistants in a family planning agency or in one of the following primary care practices:  general practice, general internal medicine, general pediatrics, general geriatrics, and family medicine.  This reduction and the reductions in paragraph (d) do not apply to federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, and Indian health services.  Effective October 1, 2009, payments made to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans under sections 256B.69, 256B.692, and 256L.12 shall reflect the payment reduction described in this paragraph.

 

(d) Effective for services rendered on or after July 1, 2010, payment rates for physician and professional services shall be reduced an additional seven percent over the five percent reduction in rates described in paragraph (c).  This additional reduction does not apply to physical therapy services, occupational therapy services, and speech pathology and related services provided on or after July 1, 2010.  This additional reduction does not apply to physician services billed by a psychiatrist or an advanced practice nurse with a specialty in mental health.  Effective October 1, 2010, payments made to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans under sections 256B.69, 256B.692, and 256L.12 shall reflect the payment reduction described in this paragraph.

 

(e) Effective for services rendered on or after September 1, 2011, through June 30, 2013, payment rates for physician and professional services shall be reduced three percent from the rates in effect on August 31, 2011.  This reduction does not apply to physical therapy services, occupational therapy services, and speech pathology and related services.

 

(f) Effective for services rendered on or after September 1, 2014, payment rates for physician and professional services, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech pathology, and mental health services shall be increased by five percent from the rates in effect on August 31, 2014.  In calculating this rate increase, the commissioner shall not include in the base rate for August 31, 2014, the rate increase provided under section 256B.76, subdivision 7.  This increase does not apply to federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, and Indian health services.  Payments made to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans shall not be adjusted to reflect payments under this paragraph.

 

(g) Effective for services rendered on or after July 1, 2015, payment rates for physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology and related services provided by a hospital meeting the criteria specified in section 62Q.19, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (4), shall be increased by 90 percent from the rates in effect on June 30, 2015.  Payments made to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans shall not be adjusted to reflect payments under this paragraph.


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(h) Any ratables effective before July 1, 2015, do not apply to early intensive developmental and behavioral intervention (EIDBI) benefits described in section 256B.0949.

 

(i) The commissioner may reimburse the cost incurred to pay the Department of Health for metabolic disorder testing of newborns who are medical assistance recipients when the sample is collected outside of an inpatient hospital setting or freestanding birth center setting because the newborn was born outside of a hospital setting or freestanding birth center setting or because it is not medically appropriate to collect the sample during the inpatient stay for the birth.

 

Sec. 28.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.76, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Dental reimbursement.  (a) Effective for services rendered on or after from October 1, 1992, to December 31, 2023, the commissioner shall make payments for dental services as follows:

 

(1) dental services shall be paid at the lower of (i) submitted charges, or (ii) 25 percent above the rate in effect on June 30, 1992; and

 

(2) dental rates shall be converted from the 50th percentile of 1982 to the 50th percentile of 1989, less the percent in aggregate necessary to equal the above increases.

 

(b) Beginning From October 1, 1999, to December 31, 2023, the payment for tooth sealants and fluoride treatments shall be the lower of (1) submitted charge, or (2) 80 percent of median 1997 charges.

 

(c) Effective for services rendered on or after from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2023, payment rates for dental services shall be increased by three percent over the rates in effect on December 31, 1999.

 

(d) Effective for services provided on or after from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2023, payment for diagnostic examinations and dental x-rays provided to children under age 21 shall be the lower of (1) the submitted charge, or (2) 85 percent of median 1999 charges.

 

(e) The increases listed in paragraphs (b) and (c) shall be implemented January 1, 2000, for managed care.

 

(f) Effective for dental services rendered on or after October 1, 2010, by a state-operated dental clinic, payment shall be paid on a reasonable cost basis that is based on the Medicare principles of reimbursement.  This payment shall be effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2011, to recipients enrolled in managed care plans or county-based purchasing plans.

 

(g) Beginning in fiscal year 2011, if the payments to state-operated dental clinics in paragraph (f), including state and federal shares, are less than $1,850,000 per fiscal year, a supplemental state payment equal to the difference between the total payments in paragraph (f) and $1,850,000 shall be paid from the general fund to state-operated services for the operation of the dental clinics.

 

(h) Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2021, payment rates for dental services shall be increased by five percent from the rates in effect on December 31, 2013.  This increase does not apply to state-operated dental clinics in paragraph (f), federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, and Indian health services.  Effective January 1, 2014, payments made to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans under sections 256B.69, 256B.692, and 256L.12 shall reflect the payment increase described in this paragraph.

 

(i) Effective for services provided on or after January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2021, the commissioner shall increase payment rates by 9.65 percent for dental services provided outside of the seven-county metropolitan area.  This increase does not apply to state-operated dental clinics in paragraph (f), federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, or Indian health services.  Effective January 1, 2017, payments to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans under sections 256B.69 and 256B.692 shall reflect the payment increase described in this paragraph.


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(j) Effective for services provided on or after July 1, 2017, through December 31, 2021, the commissioner shall increase payment rates by 23.8 percent for dental services provided to enrollees under the age of 21.  This rate increase does not apply to state-operated dental clinics in paragraph (f), federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, or Indian health centers.  This rate increase does not apply to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans.

 

(k) (h) Effective for services provided on or after January 1, 2022, the commissioner shall exclude from medical assistance and MinnesotaCare payments for dental services to public health and community health clinics the 20 percent increase authorized under Laws 1989, chapter 327, section 5, subdivision 2, paragraph (b).

 

(l) (i) Effective for services provided on or after from January 1, 2022, to December 31, 2023, the commissioner shall increase payment rates by 98 percent for all dental services.  This rate increase does not apply to state-operated dental clinics, federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, or Indian health services.

 

(m) (j) Managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans shall reimburse providers at a level that is at least equal to the rate paid under fee-for-service for dental services.  If, for any coverage year, federal approval is not received for this paragraph, the commissioner must adjust the capitation rates paid to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans for that contract year to reflect the removal of this provision.  Contracts between managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans and providers to whom this paragraph applies must allow recovery of payments from those providers if capitation rates are adjusted in accordance with this paragraph.  Payment recoveries must not exceed an amount equal to any increase in rates that results from this provision.  If, for any coverage year, federal approval is not received for this paragraph, the commissioner shall not implement this paragraph for subsequent coverage years.

 

(k) Effective for services provided on or after January 1, 2024, payment for dental services must be the lower of submitted charges or the percentile of 2018-submitted charges from claims paid by the commissioner so that the total aggregate expenditures does not exceed the total spend as outlined in the applicable paragraphs (a) to (k).  This paragraph does not apply to federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, state-operated dental clinics, or Indian health centers.

 

(l) Beginning January 1, 2028, and every three years thereafter, the commissioner shall rebase payment rates for dental services to a percentile of submitted charges for the applicable base year using charge data from claims paid by the commissioner so that the total aggregate expenditures does not exceed the total spend as outlined in paragraph (k) plus the change in the Medicare Economic Index (MEI).  In 2028, the change in the MEI must be measured from midyear of 2025 and 2027.  For each subsequent rebasing, the change in the MEI must be measured between the years that are one year after the rebasing years.  The base year used for each rebasing must be the calendar year that is two years prior to the effective date of the rebasing.  This paragraph does not apply to federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, state-operated dental clinics, or Indian health centers.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 29.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.764, is amended to read:

 

256B.764 REIMBURSEMENT FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES.

 

(a) Effective for services rendered on or after July 1, 2007, payment rates for family planning services shall be increased by 25 percent over the rates in effect June 30, 2007, when these services are provided by a community clinic as defined in section 145.9268, subdivision 1.


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(b) Effective for services rendered on or after July 1, 2013, payment rates for family planning services shall be increased by 20 percent over the rates in effect June 30, 2013, when these services are provided by a community clinic as defined in section 145.9268, subdivision 1.  The commissioner shall adjust capitation rates to managed care and county-based purchasing plans to reflect this increase, and shall require plans to pass on the full amount of the rate increase to eligible community clinics, in the form of higher payment rates for family planning services.

 

(c) Effective for services provided on or after January 1, 2024, payment rates for family planning and abortion services shall be increased by 20 percent.  This increase does not apply to federally qualified health centers, rural health centers, or Indian health services.

 

Sec. 30.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.03, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  Covered health services.  (a) "Covered health services" means the health services reimbursed under chapter 256B, with the exception of special education services, home care nursing services, adult dental care services other than services covered under section 256B.0625, subdivision 9, orthodontic services, nonemergency medical transportation services, personal care assistance and case management services, community first services and supports under section 256B.85, behavioral health home services under section 256B.0757, housing stabilization services under section 256B.051, and nursing home or intermediate care facilities services.

 

(b) No public funds shall be used for coverage of abortion under MinnesotaCare except where the life of the female would be endangered or substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function would result if the fetus were carried to term; or where the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest.

 

(c) (b) Covered health services shall be expanded as provided in this section.

 

(d) (c) For the purposes of covered health services under this section, "child" means an individual younger than 19 years of age.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.

 

Sec. 31.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.03, subdivision 5, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 5.  Cost-sharing.  (a) Co-payments, coinsurance, and deductibles do not apply to children under the age of 21 and to American Indians as defined in Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 600.5.

 

(b) The commissioner shall must adjust co-payments, coinsurance, and deductibles for covered services in a manner sufficient to maintain the actuarial value of the benefit to 94 percent.  The cost-sharing changes described in this paragraph do not apply to eligible recipients or services exempt from cost-sharing under state law.  The cost‑sharing changes described in this paragraph shall not be implemented prior to January 1, 2016.

 

(c) The cost-sharing changes authorized under paragraph (b) must satisfy the requirements for cost-sharing under the Basic Health Program as set forth in Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, sections 600.510 and 600.520.

 

(d) Cost-sharing must not apply to drugs used for tobacco and nicotine cessation or to tobacco and nicotine cessation services covered under section 256B.0625, subdivision 68.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 32.  Laws 2021, First Special Session chapter 7, article 6, section 26, is amended to read:

 

Sec. 26.  COMMISSIONER OF HUMAN SERVICES; EXTENSION OF COVID-19 HUMAN SERVICES PROGRAM MODIFICATIONS.


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Notwithstanding Laws 2020, First Special Session chapter 7, section 1, subdivision 2, as amended by Laws 2020, Third Special Session chapter 1, section 3, when the peacetime emergency declared by the governor in response to the COVID-19 outbreak expires, is terminated, or is rescinded by the proper authority, the following modifications issued by the commissioner of human services pursuant to Executive Orders 20-11 and 20-12, and including any amendments to the modification issued before the peacetime emergency expires, shall remain in effect until July 1, 2023 2025:

 

(1) CV16:  expanding access to telemedicine services for Children's Health Insurance Program, Medical Assistance, and MinnesotaCare enrollees; and

 

(2) CV21:  allowing telemedicine alternative for school-linked mental health services and intermediate school district mental health services.

 

Sec. 33.  REPEALER.

 

Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0235, is repealed the day following final enactment.

 

ARTICLE 2

HEALTH CARE AFFORDABILITY AND DELIVERY

 

Section 1.  [62J.0411] HEALTH CARE AFFORDABILITY COMMISSION.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  (a) For purposes of sections 62J.0411 to 62J.0415, the following terms have the meanings given.

 

(b) "Commission" means the Health Care Affordability Commission.

 

(c) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.

 

(d) "Health care entity" includes but is not limited to clinics, hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, physician organizations, accountable care organizations, integrated provider and plan systems, county-based purchasing plans, and health plan companies.

 

(e) "Health care provider" or "provider" means a health care professional who is licensed or registered by the state to perform health care services within the provider's scope of practice and in accordance with state law.

 

(f) "Health plan" means a health plan as defined in section 62A.011, subdivision 3.

 

(g) "Health plan company" means a health carrier as defined under section 62A.011, subdivision 2.

 

(h) "Hospital" means an entity licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.58.

 

Subd. 2.  Commission membership.  (a) The commissioner of health shall establish a health care affordability commission that shall consist of the following 15 members:

 

(1) two members with expertise and experience in advocating on behalf of patients;

 

(2) two Minnesota residents who are health care consumers, one residing in greater Minnesota and one residing in a metropolitan area, one of whom represents an underserved community;

 

(3) one member representing Indian Tribes;

 

(4) two members of the business community who purchase health insurance for their employees, one of whom purchases coverage in the small group market;


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(5) two members representing public purchasers of health insurance for their employees;

 

(6) one licensed and certified health care provider employed at a federally qualified health center;

 

(7) one member representing a health care entity or urban hospitals;

 

(8) one member representing rural hospitals;

 

(9) one member representing health plans;

 

(10) one member who is an expert in health care financing and administration; and

 

(11) one member who is an expert in health economics.

 

(b) All members appointed must have the knowledge and demonstrated expertise in one of the following areas of expertise, and each area of expertise must be met by at least one member of the commission:

 

(1) health care finance, health economics, and health care management or administration at a senior level;

 

(2) health care consumer advocacy;

 

(3) representing the health care workforce as a leader in a labor organization;

 

(4) purchasing health insurance representing business management or health benefits administration;

 

(5) delivering primary care, health plan administration, or public or population health; or

 

(6) addressing health disparities and structural inequities.

 

(c) No member may participate in commission proceedings involving an individual provider, purchaser, or patient or a specific activity or transaction if the member has direct financial interest in the outcome of the commission's proceedings other than as an individual consumer of health care services.

 

Subd. 3.  Terms.  (a) The commissioners of health, human services, and commerce shall make recommendations for commission membership.  Commission members shall be appointed by the governor.  The initial appointments to the commission shall be made by September 1, 2023.  The initial appointed commission members shall serve staggered terms of three or four years determined by lot by the secretary of state.  Following the initial appointments, the commission members shall serve four-year terms.  Members may not serve more than two consecutive terms.

 

(b) The commission is governed by section 15.0575, except as otherwise provided in this section.

 

(c) A commission member may resign at any time by giving written notice to the commission.

 

Subd. 4.  Chair; other officers.  (a) The governor shall annually designate a member to serve as chair of the commission.  The chair shall serve for one year.  If there is a vacancy for any cause, the governor shall make an appointment for that category of membership and expertise, to become immediately effective.

 

(b) The commission shall elect a vice-chair and other officers from its membership as it deems necessary.

 

Subd. 5.  Compensation.  Commission members may be compensated according to section 15.0575.

 

Subd. 6.  Meetings.  (a) Meetings of the commission, including any public hearings, are subject to chapter 13D.

 

(b) The commission must meet publicly on at least a monthly basis until the initial growth targets are established.


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(c) After the initial growth targets are established, the commission shall meet at least quarterly to consider summary data presented by the commissioner, draft report findings, consider updates to the health care spending growth target program and growth target levels, discuss findings with health care providers and payers, and identify additional analyses and strategies to limit health care spending growth.

 

Subd. 7.  Hearings.  At least annually, the commission shall hold public hearings to present findings from spending growth target monitoring.  The commission shall also regularly hold public hearings to take testimony from stakeholders on health care spending growth, setting and revising health care spending growth targets, and the impact of spending growth and growth targets on health care access and quality and as needed to perform assigned duties.

 

Subd. 8.  Staff; technical assistance; contracting.  (a) The commission shall hire a full-time executive director and administrative staff who shall serve in the unclassified service.  The executive director must have significant knowledge and expertise in health economics and demonstrated experience in health policy.

 

(b) The attorney general shall provide legal services to the commission.

 

(c) The commissioner of health shall provide technical assistance to the commission related to collecting data, analyzing health care trends and costs, and setting health care spending growth targets.

 

Subd. 9.  Administration.  The commissioner of health shall provide office space, equipment and supplies, and analytic staff support to the commission and the Health Care Affordability Advisory Council.

 

Subd. 10.  Duties of the commissioner.  (a) The commissioner, in consultation with the commissioners of commerce and human services, shall provide staff support to the commission, including performing and procuring consulting and analytic services.  The commissioner shall:

 

(1) establish the form and manner of data reporting, including reporting methods and dates, consistent with program design and timelines formalized by the commission;

 

(2) under the authority in chapter 62J, collect data identified by the commission for use in the program in a form and manner that ensures the collection of high-quality, transparent data;

 

(3) provide analytical support, including by conducting background research or environmental scans, evaluating the suitability of available data, performing needed analysis and data modeling, calculating performance under the spending trends, and researching drivers of spending growth trends;

 

(4) assist health care entities subject to the targets with reporting of data, internal analysis of spending growth trends, and, as necessary, methodological issues;

 

(5) synthesize information and report to the commission; and

 

(6) make appointments and staff the Health Care Affordability Advisory Council under section 62J.0414.

 

(b) In carrying out the duties required by this section, the commissioner may contract with entities with expertise in health economic, health finance, and actuarial science.

 

Subd. 11.  Access to information.  (a) The commission or commissioner may request that a state agency provide the commission with data as defined in sections 62J.04 and 295.52 in a usable format as requested by the commission, at no cost to the commission.

 

(b) The commission may request from a state agency unique or custom data sets, and the agency may charge the commission for providing the data at the same rate the agency would charge any other public or private entity.  The commission may grant the commissioner access to this data.


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(c) Any information provided to the commission or commissioner by a state agency must be de-identified.  For purposes of this subdivision, "de-identified" means the process used to prevent the identity of a person from being connected with information and ensuring all identifiable information has been removed.

 

(d) Any data submitted to the commission or the commissioner shall retain their original classification under the Minnesota Data Practices Act in chapter 13.

 

(e) The commissioner, under the authority of chapter 62J, may collect data necessary for the performance of its duties, and shall collect this data in a form and manner that ensures the collection of high-quality, transparent data.

 

Sec. 2.  [62J.0412] DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION; GENERAL.

 

Subdivision 1.  Health care delivery and payment.  (a) The commission shall monitor the administration and reform of the health care delivery and payment systems in the state.  The commission shall:

 

(1) set health care spending growth targets for the state;

 

(2) enhance the transparency of provider organizations;

 

(3) monitor the adoption and effectiveness of alternative payment methodologies;

 

(4) foster innovative health care delivery and payment models that lower health care cost growth while improving the quality of patient care;

 

(5) monitor and review the impact of changes within the health care marketplace; and

 

(6) monitor patient access to necessary health care services.

 

(b) The commission shall establish goals to reduce health care disparities in racial and ethnic communities and to ensure access to quality care for persons with disabilities or with chronic or complex health conditions.

 

Subd. 2.  Duties of the commission; market trends.  The commission shall monitor efforts to reform the health care delivery and payment system in Minnesota to understand emerging trends in the commercial health insurance market, including large self-insured employers and the state's public health care programs, in order to identify opportunities for state action to achieve:

 

(1) improved patient experience of care, including quality, access to care, and satisfaction;

 

(2) improved health of all populations, including a reduction in health disparities; and

 

(3) a reduction in the growth of health care costs.

 

Subd. 3.  Duties of the commission; recommendations for reform.  The commission shall make periodic recommendations for legislative policy, market, or any other reforms to:

 

(1) lower the rate of growth in commercial health care costs and public health care program spending in the state;

 

(2) positively impact the state's rankings in the areas listed in this subdivision and subdivision 2; and

 

(3) improve the quality and value of care for all Minnesotans, and for specific populations adversely affected by health disparities.


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Sec. 3.  [62J.0413] DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION; GROWTH TARGETS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Growth target program.  The commission is responsible for the development, establishment, and operation of the health care spending growth target program, determining the health care entities subject to health care spending growth targets, and reporting on progress toward targets to the legislature and the public.

 

Subd. 2.  Methodologies for growth targets.  (a) The commission shall develop and maintain the health care spending growth target program, and report to the legislature and the public on progress toward achieving growth targets.  The commission shall conduct all activities necessary for the successful implementation of the program, in order to limit health care spending growth.  The commission shall:

 

(1) establish a statement of purpose;

 

(2) develop a methodology to establish health care spending growth targets and the economic indicators to be used in establishing the initial and subsequent target levels;

 

(3) establish health care spending growth targets that:

 

(i) use a clear and operational definition of total state health care spending;

 

(ii) promote a predictable and sustainable rate of growth for total health care spending, as measured by an established economic indicator, such as the rate of increase in the state economy, the personal income of state residents, or a combination;

 

(iii) apply to all health care providers and all health plan companies in the state's health care system; and

 

(iv) are measurable on a per capita basis, statewide basis, health plan basis, and health care provider basis; and

 

(4) establish a methodology for calculating health care cost growth that:

 

(i) allows measurement statewide and for each health care provider and health plan company, and at the discretion of the commission allows accounting for variability by age and sex;

 

(ii) takes into consideration the need for variability in targets across public and private payers;

 

(iii) incorporates health equity considerations; and

 

(iv) considers the impact of targets on health care access and disparities.

 

(b) The commission, when developing this methodology, shall determine which health care entities are subject to targets, and at what level of aggregation.

 

Subd. 3.  Data on performance.  The commission shall identify the data to be used for tracking performance toward achieving health care spending growth targets, and adopt methods of data collection.  In identifying data and methods, the commission shall:

 

(1) consider the availability, timeliness, quality, and usefulness of existing data;

 

(2) assess the need for additional investments in data collection, data validation, or analysis capacity to support efficient collection and aggregation of data to support the commission's activities;

 

(3) limit the reporting burden to the greatest extent possible; and

 

(4) identify and define the health care entities that are required to report to the commissioner.


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Subd. 4.  Reporting requirements.  The commission shall establish requirements for health care providers and health plan companies to report data and other information necessary to calculate health care cost growth.  Health care providers and health plans must report data in the form and manner established by the commission.

 

Subd. 5.  Establishment of growth targets.  (a) The commission, by June 15, 2024, shall establish annual health care spending growth targets consistent with the methodology in subdivision 2 for each of the next five calendar years, with the goal of limiting health care spending growth.  The commission may continue to establish annual health care spending growth targets for subsequent years.

 

(b) The commission shall regularly review all components of the program methodology, including economic indicators and other factors, and, as appropriate, revise established health care spending growth target levels.  Any changes to health care spending growth target levels require a two-thirds majority vote of the commission.

 

Subd. 6.  Additional criteria for growth targets.  (a) In developing the health care spending growth target program, the commission may:

 

(1) evaluate and ensure that the program does not place a disproportionate burden on communities most impacted by health disparities, the providers who primarily serve communities most impacted by health disparities, or individuals who reside in rural areas or have high health care needs;

 

(2) consider payment models that help ensure financial sustainability of rural health care delivery systems and the ability to provide population health;

 

(3) consider the addition of quality of care performance measures or minimum primary care spending goals;

 

(4) allow setting growth targets that encourage an individual health care entity to serve populations with greater health care risks by incorporating:

 

(i) a risk factor adjustment reflecting the health status of the entity's patient mix; and

 

(ii) an equity adjustment accounting for the social determinants of health and other factors related to health equity for the entity's patient mix;

 

(5) ensure that growth targets:

 

(i) encourage the growth of the Minnesota health care workforce, including the need to provide competitive wages and benefits;

 

(ii) do not limit the use of collective bargaining or place a floor or ceiling on health care workforce compensation; and

 

(iii) promote workforce stability and maintain high-quality health care jobs; and

 

(6) consult with stakeholders representing patients, health care providers, payers of health care services, and others.

 

(b) Based on an analysis of drivers of health care spending by the commissioner and evidence from public testimony, the commission shall explore strategies, new policies, and future legislative proposals that can contribute to achieving health care spending growth targets or limiting health care spending growth without increasing disparities in access to health care, including the establishment of accountability mechanisms for health care entities.


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Subd. 7.  Reports.  (a) The commission shall submit the reports specified in this section to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with primary jurisdiction over health care.  These reports must be made available to the public.

 

(b) The commission shall submit written progress updates about the development and implementation of the health care growth target program by February 15, 2024, and February 15, 2025.  The updates must include reporting on commission membership and activities, program design decisions, planned timelines for implementation of the program, progress of implementation, and comprehensive methodological details underlying program design decisions.

 

(c) The commission shall submit by March 31, 2026, and by March 31 annually thereafter, reports on health care spending trends related to the health care growth targets.  The commission may delegate preparation of the reports to the commissioner and any contractors the commissioner determines are necessary.  The reports must include:

 

(1) aggregate spending growth for entities subject to health care growth targets relative to established target levels;

 

(2) findings from the analyses of cost drivers of health care spending growth;

 

(3) estimates of the impact of health care spending growth on Minnesota residents, including for those communities most impacted by health disparities, including an analysis of Minnesota residents' access to insurance and care, the value of health care, and the state's ability to pursue other spending priorities;

 

(4) the potential and observed impact of the health care growth targets on the financial viability of the rural health care delivery system;

 

(5) changes in the health care spending growth methodology under consideration;

 

(6) recommended policy changes that may affect health care spending growth trends, including broader and more transparent adoption of value-based payment arrangements; and

 

(7) an overview of health care entities subject to health care growth targets that have implemented or completed a performance improvement plan.

 

Sec. 4.  [62J.0414] HEALTH CARE AFFORDABILITY ADVISORY COUNCIL.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  (a) For purposes of this section, the following definitions have the meanings given.

 

(b) "Council" means the Health Care Affordability Advisory Council. 

 

(c) "Commission" means the Health Care Affordability Commission.

 

Subd. 2.  Establishment; administration.  (a) The commissioner of health shall appoint a 15-member advisory council to provide technical assistance to the commission.  Members shall be appointed based on their knowledge and demonstrated expertise in one or more of the following areas:

 

(1) health care spending trends and drivers;

 

(2) equitable access to health care services;

 

(3) health insurance operation and finance;

 

(4) actuarial science;


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(5) the practice of medicine;

 

(6) patient perspectives;

 

(7) clinical and health services research; and

 

(8) the health care marketplace.

 

(b) The commissioner shall provide administrative and staff support to the advisory council.

 

Subd. 3.  Membership.  The council's membership shall consist of:

 

(1) three members representing patients and health care consumers, at least one of whom must have experience working with communities most impacted by health disparities and one of whom must have experience working with persons in the disability community;

 

(2) the commissioner of health or a designee;

 

(3) the commissioner of human services or a designee;

 

(4) one member who is a health services researcher at the University of Minnesota;

 

(5) two members who represent nonprofit group purchasers;

 

(6) one member who represents for-profit group purchasers;

 

(7) two members who represent health care entities;

 

(8) one member who represents independent health care providers;

 

(9) two members who represent employee benefit plans, with one representing a public employer; and

 

(10) one member who represents the Rare Disease Advisory Council.

 

Subd. 4.  Terms.  (a) The initial appointments to the council shall be made by September 30, 2023.  The council members shall serve staggered terms of three or four years determined by lot by the secretary of state.  Following the initial appointments, the council members shall serve four-year terms.  Members may not serve more than two consecutive terms.

 

(b) Removal and vacancies of council members are governed by section 15.059.

 

Subd. 5.  Meetings.  The council must meet publicly on at least a monthly basis until the initial growth targets are established.  After the initial growth targets are established, the council shall meet at least quarterly.

 

Subd. 6.  Duties.  The council shall:

 

(1) provide technical advice to the commission on the development and implementation of the health care spending growth targets, drivers of health care spending, and other items related to the commission duties;

 

(2) provide technical input on data sources for measuring health care spending; and

 

(3) advise the commission on methods to measure the impact of health care spending growth targets on:

 

(i) communities most impacted by health disparities;

 

(ii) the providers who primarily serve communities most impacted by health disparities;


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(iii) individuals with disabilities;

 

(iv) individuals with health coverage through medical assistance or MinnesotaCare;

 

(v) individuals who reside in rural areas; and

 

(vi) individuals with rare diseases.

 

Subd. 7.  Expiration.  Notwithstanding section 15.059, subdivision 6, the council does not expire.

 

Sec. 5.  [62J.0415] NOTICE TO HEALTH CARE ENTITIES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Notice.  The commission shall provide notice to all health care entities that have been identified by the commission as exceeding the health care spending growth target for a specified period as determined by the commission.

 

Subd. 2.  Performance improvement plans.  (a) The commission shall establish and implement procedures to assist health care entities to improve efficiency and reduce cost growth by requiring some or all health care entities provided notice under subdivision 1 to file and implement a performance improvement plan.  The commission shall provide written notice of this requirement to health care entities and describe the form and manner in which these plans must be prepared and submitted.

 

(b) Within 45 days of receiving a notice of the requirement to file a performance improvement plan, a health care entity shall:

 

(1) file a performance improvement plan as specified in paragraph (d); or

 

(2) file a request for a waiver or extension as specified in paragraph (c).

 

(c) The health care entity may file any documentation or supporting evidence with the commission to support the health care entity's application to waive or extend the timeline to file a performance improvement plan.  The commission shall require the health care entity to submit any other relevant information it deems necessary in considering the waiver or extension application, provided that this information shall be made public at the discretion of the commission.  The commission may waive or delay the requirement for a health care entity to file a performance improvement plan in response to a waiver or extension request in light of all information received from the health care entity, based on a consideration of the following factors:

 

(1) the costs, price, and utilization trends of the health care entity over time, and any demonstrated improvement in reducing per capita medical expenses adjusted by health status;

 

(2) any ongoing strategies or investments that the health care entity is implementing to improve future long-term efficiency and reduce cost growth;

 

(3) whether the factors that led to increased costs for the health care entity can reasonably be considered to be unanticipated and outside of the control of the entity.  These factors may include but shall not be limited to age and other health status adjusted factors of the patients served by the health care entity and other cost inputs such as pharmaceutical expenses and medical device expenses;

 

(4) the overall financial condition of the health care entity; and

 

(5) any other factors the commission considers relevant.

 

If the commission declines to waive or extend the requirement for the health care entity to file a performance improvement plan, the commission shall provide written notice to the health care entity that its application for a waiver or extension was denied and the health care entity shall file a performance improvement plan.


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(d) The performance improvement plan shall identify the causes of the entity's cost growth and shall include but not be limited to specific strategies, adjustments, and action steps the entity proposes to implement to improve cost performance.  The proposed performance improvement plan shall include specific identifiable and measurable expected outcomes and a timetable for implementation.  The commission may request additional information as needed, in order to approve a proposed performance improvement plan.  The timetable for a performance improvement plan must not exceed 18 months.

 

(e) The commission shall approve any performance improvement plan that it determines is reasonably likely to address the underlying cause of the entity's cost growth and has a reasonable expectation for successful implementation.  If the commission determines that the performance improvement plan is unacceptable or incomplete, the commission may provide consultation on the criteria that have not been met and may allow an additional time period of up to 30 calendar days for resubmission.  Upon approval of the proposed performance improvement plan, the commission shall notify the health care entity to begin immediate implementation of the performance improvement plan.  Public notice shall be provided by the commission on its website, identifying that the health care entity is implementing a performance improvement plan.  All health care entities implementing an approved performance improvement plan shall be subject to additional reporting requirements and compliance monitoring, as determined by the commission.  The commission may request the commissioner to assist in the review of performance improvement plans.  The commission shall provide assistance to the health care entity in the successful implementation of the performance improvement plan.

 

(f) All health care entities shall in good faith work to implement the performance improvement plan.  At any point during the implementation of the performance improvement plan, the health care entity may file amendments to the performance improvement plan, subject to approval of the commission.  At the conclusion of the timetable established in the performance improvement plan, the health care entity shall report to the commission regarding the outcome of the performance improvement plan.  If the commission determines the performance improvement plan was not implemented successfully, the commission shall:

 

(1) extend the implementation timetable of the existing performance improvement plan;

 

(2) approve amendments to the performance improvement plan as proposed by the health care entity;

 

(3) require the health care entity to submit a new performance improvement plan; or

 

(4) waive or delay the requirement to file any additional performance improvement plans.

 

Upon the successful completion of the performance improvement plan, the commission shall remove the identity of the health care entity from the commission's website.

 

(g) If the commission determines that a health care entity has:

 

(1) willfully neglected to file a performance improvement plan with the commission within 45 days or as required;

 

(2) failed to file an acceptable performance improvement plan in good faith with the commission;

 

(3) failed to implement the performance improvement plan in good faith; or

 

(4) knowingly failed to provide information required by this subdivision to the commission or knowingly provided false information, the commission may assess a civil penalty to the health care entity of not more than $500,000.  The commission shall only impose a civil penalty as a last resort.


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Sec. 6.  [62J.0416] IDENTIFY STRATEGIES FOR REDUCTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE SPENDING AND LOW-VALUE CARE.

 

(a) The commissioner of health shall develop recommendations for strategies to reduce the volume and growth of administrative spending by health care organizations and group purchasers, and the magnitude of low-value care delivered to Minnesota residents.  The commissioner shall:

 

(1) review the availability of data and identify gaps in the data infrastructure to estimate aggregated and disaggregated administrative spending and low-value care;

 

(2) based on available data, estimate the volume and change over time of administrative spending and low-value care in Minnesota;

 

(3) conduct an environmental scan and key informant interviews with experts in health care finance, health economics, health care management or administration, and the administration of health insurance benefits to determine drivers of spending growth for spending on administrative services or the provision of low-value care; and

 

(4) convene a clinical learning community and an employer task force to review the evidence from clauses (1) to (3) and develop a set of actionable strategies to address administrative spending volume and growth and the magnitude of the volume of low-value care.

 

(b) By March 31, 2025, the commissioner shall deliver the recommendations to the chairs and ranking minority members of house and senate committees with jurisdiction over health and human services finance and policy.

 

Sec. 7.  [62J.0417] PAYMENT MECHANISMS IN RURAL HEALTH CARE.

 

(a) The commissioner shall develop a plan to assess readiness of rural communities and rural health care providers to adopt value based, global budgeting or alternative payment systems and recommend steps needed to implement them.  The commissioner may use the development of case studies and modeling of alternate payment systems to demonstrate value-based payment systems that ensure a baseline level of essential community or regional health services and address population health needs. 

 

(b) The commissioner shall develop recommendations for pilot projects with the aim of ensuring financial viability of rural health care entities in the context of spending growth targets.  The commissioner shall share findings with the health care affordability commission.

 

Sec. 8.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, subdivision 11, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 11.  Restricted uses of the all-payer claims data.  (a) Notwithstanding subdivision 4, paragraph (b), and subdivision 5, paragraph (b), the commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall only use the data submitted under subdivisions 4 and 5 for the following purposes:

 

(1) to evaluate the performance of the health care home program as authorized under section 62U.03, subdivision 7;

 

(2) to study, in collaboration with the reducing avoidable readmissions effectively (RARE) campaign, hospital readmission trends and rates;

 

(3) to analyze variations in health care costs, quality, utilization, and illness burden based on geographical areas or populations;

 

(4) to evaluate the state innovation model (SIM) testing grant received by the Departments of Health and Human Services, including the analysis of health care cost, quality, and utilization baseline and trend information for targeted populations and communities; and


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(5) to compile one or more public use files of summary data or tables that must:

 

(i) be available to the public for no or minimal cost by March 1, 2016, and available by web-based electronic data download by June 30, 2019;

 

(ii) not identify individual patients, payers, or providers;

 

(iii) be updated by the commissioner, at least annually, with the most current data available;

 

(iv) contain clear and conspicuous explanations of the characteristics of the data, such as the dates of the data contained in the files, the absence of costs of care for uninsured patients or nonresidents, and other disclaimers that provide appropriate context; and

 

(v) not lead to the collection of additional data elements beyond what is authorized under this section as of June 30, 2015.; and

 

(6) to provide technical assistance to the Health Care Affordability Commission to implement sections 62J.0411 to 62J.0415.

 

(b) The commissioner may publish the results of the authorized uses identified in paragraph (a) so long as the data released publicly do not contain information or descriptions in which the identity of individual hospitals, clinics, or other providers may be discerned.

 

(c) Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to prohibit the commissioner from using the data collected under subdivision 4 to complete the state-based risk adjustment system assessment due to the legislature on October 1, 2015.

 

(d) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee may use the data submitted under subdivisions 4 and 5 for the purpose described in paragraph (a), clause (3), until July 1, 2023.

 

(e) The commissioner shall consult with the all-payer claims database work group established under subdivision 12 regarding the technical considerations necessary to create the public use files of summary data described in paragraph (a), clause (5).

 

Sec. 9.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62V.05, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 13.  Transitional cost-sharing reductions.  (a) The board shall develop and implement, for the 2025 and 2026 plan years only, a system to support eligible individuals who choose to enroll in gold level health plans through MNsure.

 

(b) For purposes of this section, an "eligible individual" is an individual who:

 

(1) is a resident of Minnesota;

 

(2) has a household income that does not exceed 400 percent of the federal poverty guidelines; and

 

(3) is enrolled in a gold level health plan offered in the enrollee's county of residence.

 

(c) Under the system established in this subdivision, the monthly transitional cost-sharing reduction subsidy for an eligible individual is $75.

 

(d) The board shall establish procedures for determining an individual's eligibility for the subsidy and providing payments to a health carrier for any eligible individuals enrolled in the carrier's gold level health plans.


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Sec. 10.  [256.9631] DIRECT PAYMENT SYSTEM FOR MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND MINNESOTACARE.

 

Subdivision 1.  Direct payment system established.  (a) The commissioner shall establish a direct payment system to deliver services to eligible individuals, in order to achieve better health outcomes and reduce the cost of health care for the state.  Under this system, eligible individuals shall receive services through the medical assistance fee-for-service system, county-based purchasing plans, or county-owned health maintenance organizations.  The commissioner shall implement the direct payment system beginning January 1, 2027.

 

(b) Persons who do not meet the definition of eligible individual shall continue to receive services from managed care and county-based purchasing plans under sections 256B.69 and 256B.692, subject to the opt-out provision under section 256B.69, subdivision 28, paragraph (c), for persons who are certified as blind or having a disability, and the exemptions from managed care enrollment listed in section 256B.69, subdivision 4, paragraph (b).

 

Subd. 2.  Definitions.  (a) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply.

 

(b) "Eligible individuals" means:  (1) qualified medical assistance enrollees, defined as persons eligible for medical assistance as families and children and adults without children eligible under section 256B.055, subdivision 15; and (2) all MinnesotaCare enrollees.

 

(c) "Qualified hospital provider" means a nonstate government teaching hospital with high medical assistance utilization and a level 1 trauma center, and all of the hospital's owned or affiliated health care professionals, ambulance services, sites, and clinics.

 

Subd. 3.  Managed care service delivery.  (a) In counties that choose to operate a county-based purchasing plan under section 256B.692, the commissioner shall permit those counties, in a timely manner, to establish a new county-based purchasing plan or participate in an existing county-based purchasing plan.

 

(b) In counties that choose to operate a county-owned health maintenance organization under section 256B.69, the commissioner shall permit those counties to establish a new county-owned and operated health maintenance organization or continue serving enrollees through an existing county-owned and operated health maintenance organization.

 

(c) County-based purchasing plans and county-owned health maintenance organizations shall be reimbursed at the capitation rate determined under sections 256B.69 and 256B.692.

 

(d) The commissioner shall allow eligible individuals the opportunity to opt out of enrollment in a county-based purchasing plan or county-owned health maintenance organization.

 

Subd. 4.  Fee-for-service reimbursement.  (a) The commissioner shall reimburse health care providers directly for all medical assistance and MinnesotaCare covered services provided to eligible individuals, using the fee‑for‑service payment methods specified in chapters 256, 256B, 256R, and 256S.

 

(b) The commissioner shall ensure that payments under this section to a qualified hospital provider are equivalent to the payments that would have been received based on managed care direct payment arrangements.  If necessary, a qualified hospital provider may use a county-owned health maintenance organization to receive direct payments as described in section 256B.1973.

 

Subd. 5.  Termination of managed care contracts.  The commissioner shall terminate managed care contracts for eligible individuals under sections 256B.69, 256L.12, and 256L.121 by December 31, 2026, except that the commissioner shall continue to contract with county-based purchasing plans and county-owned health maintenance organizations, as provided under this section.


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Subd. 6.  System development and administration.  (a) The commissioner, under the direct payment system, shall:

 

(1) provide benefits management, claims processing, and enrollee support services;

 

(2) coordinate operation of the direct payment system with county agencies and MNsure, and with service delivery to medical assistance enrollees who are age 65 or older, blind, or have disabilities, or who are exempt from managed care enrollment under section 256B.69, subdivision 4, paragraph (b);

 

(3) establish and maintain provider payment rates at levels sufficient to ensure high-quality care and enrollee access to covered health care services;

 

(4) develop and monitor quality measures for health care service delivery; and

 

(5) develop and implement provider incentives and innovative methods of health care delivery, to ensure the efficient provision of high-quality care and reduce health care disparities.

 

(b) This section does not prohibit the commissioner from seeking legislative and federal approval for demonstration projects to ensure access to care or improve health care quality.

 

(c) The commissioner may contract with an administrator to administer the direct payment system.

 

Subd. 7.  Implementation plan.  (a) The commissioner shall present an implementation plan for the direct payment system to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over health care policy and finance by January 15, 2025.  The commissioner may contract for technical assistance in developing the implementation plan and conducting related studies and analysis.

 

(b) The implementation plan must include:

 

(1) a timeline for the development and implementation of the direct payment system;

 

(2) the procedures to be used to ensure continuity of care for enrollees who transition from managed care to fee‑for-service;

 

(3) any changes to fee-for-service payment rates that the commissioner determines are necessary to ensure provider access and high-quality care, and reduce health disparities;

 

(4) recommendations on ensuring effective care coordination under the direct payment system, especially for enrollees with complex medical conditions, who face socioeconomic barriers to receiving care, or who are from underserved populations that experience health disparities;

 

(5) recommendations on whether the direct payment system should provide supplemental payments for care coordination, including:

 

(i) the provider types eligible for supplemental payments and funding for outreach;

 

(ii) procedures to coordinate supplemental payments with existing supplemental or cost-based payment methods or to replace these existing methods; and

 

(iii) procedures to align care coordination initiatives funded through supplemental payments under this section with existing care coordination initiatives;

 

(6) recommendations on whether the direct payment system should include funding to providers for outreach initiatives to patients who, because of mental illness, homelessness, or other circumstances, are unlikely to obtain needed care and treatment;


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(7) recommendations on whether and how the direct payment system should be expanded to deliver services and care coordination to persons who are age 65 or older, are blind, or have a disability;

 

(8) procedures to compensate providers for any loss of savings from the federal 340B Drug Pricing Program; and

 

(9) recommendations for statutory changes necessary to implement the direct payment system.

 

(c) In developing the implementation plan, the commissioner shall:

 

(1) calculate the projected cost of a direct payment system relative to the cost of the current system;

 

(2) assess gaps in care coordination under the current medical assistance and MinnesotaCare programs;

 

(3) evaluate the effectiveness of approaches other states have taken to coordinate care under a fee-for-service system, including the coordination of care provided to persons who are blind or have disabilities;

 

(4) estimate the loss in provider revenues and cost savings under the federal 340B Drug Pricing Program that would result from the elimination of managed care plan contracts under medical assistance and MinnesotaCare, and develop a method to reimburse providers for these potential losses;

 

(5) estimate the loss of revenues and cost savings from other payment enhancements based on managed care plan pass-throughs;

 

(6) consult with the commissioner of health and the contractor or contractors analyzing the Minnesota Health Plan and other reform models on plan design and assumptions; and

 

(7) conduct other analyses necessary to develop the implementation plan.

 

Sec. 11.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256.969, subdivision 9, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 9.  Disproportionate numbers of low-income patients served.  (a) For admissions occurring on or after July 1, 1993, the medical assistance disproportionate population adjustment shall comply with federal law and shall be paid to a hospital, excluding regional treatment centers and facilities of the federal Indian Health Service, with a medical assistance inpatient utilization rate in excess of the arithmetic mean.  The adjustment must be determined as follows:

 

(1) for a hospital with a medical assistance inpatient utilization rate above the arithmetic mean for all hospitals excluding regional treatment centers and facilities of the federal Indian Health Service but less than or equal to one standard deviation above the mean, the adjustment must be determined by multiplying the total of the operating and property payment rates by the difference between the hospital's actual medical assistance inpatient utilization rate and the arithmetic mean for all hospitals excluding regional treatment centers and facilities of the federal Indian Health Service; and

 

(2) for a hospital with a medical assistance inpatient utilization rate above one standard deviation above the mean, the adjustment must be determined by multiplying the adjustment that would be determined under clause (1) for that hospital by 1.1.  The commissioner shall report annually on the number of hospitals likely to receive the adjustment authorized by this paragraph.  The commissioner shall specifically report on the adjustments received by public hospitals and public hospital corporations located in cities of the first class.

 

(b) Certified public expenditures made by Hennepin County Medical Center shall be considered Medicaid disproportionate share hospital payments.  Hennepin County and Hennepin County Medical Center shall report by June 15, 2007, on payments made beginning July 1, 2005, or another date specified by the commissioner, that may qualify for reimbursement under federal law.  Based on these reports, the commissioner shall apply for federal matching funds.


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(c) Upon federal approval of the related state plan amendment, paragraph (b) is effective retroactively from July 1, 2005, or the earliest effective date approved by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

 

(d) Effective July 1, 2015, disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments shall be paid in accordance with a new methodology using 2012 as the base year.  Annual payments made under this paragraph shall equal the total amount of payments made for 2012.  A licensed children's hospital shall receive only a single DSH factor for children's hospitals.  Other DSH factors may be combined to arrive at a single factor for each hospital that is eligible for DSH payments.  The new methodology shall make payments only to hospitals located in Minnesota and include the following factors:

 

(1) a licensed children's hospital with at least 1,000 fee-for-service discharges in the base year shall receive a factor of 0.868.  A licensed children's hospital with less than 1,000 fee-for-service discharges in the base year shall receive a factor of 0.7880;

 

(2) a hospital that has in effect for the initial rate year a contract with the commissioner to provide extended psychiatric inpatient services under section 256.9693 shall receive a factor of 0.0160;

 

(3) a hospital that has received medical assistance payment for at least 20 transplant services in the base year shall receive a factor of 0.0435;

 

(4) a hospital that has a medical assistance utilization rate in the base year between 20 percent up to one standard deviation above the statewide mean utilization rate shall receive a factor of 0.0468;

 

(5) a hospital that has a medical assistance utilization rate in the base year that is at least one standard deviation above the statewide mean utilization rate but is less than two and one-half standard deviations above the mean shall receive a factor of 0.2300; and

 

(6) a hospital that is a level one trauma center and that has a medical assistance utilization rate in the base year that is at least two and one-half standard deviations above the statewide mean utilization rate shall receive a factor of 0.3711.

 

(e) For the purposes of determining eligibility for the disproportionate share hospital factors in paragraph (d), clauses (1) to (6), the medical assistance utilization rate and discharge thresholds shall be measured using only one year when a two-year base period is used.

 

(f) Any payments or portion of payments made to a hospital under this subdivision that are subsequently returned to the commissioner because the payments are found to exceed the hospital-specific DSH limit for that hospital shall be redistributed, proportionate to the number of fee-for-service discharges, to other DSH-eligible non-children's hospitals that have a medical assistance utilization rate that is at least one standard deviation above the mean.

 

(g) An additional payment adjustment shall be established by the commissioner under this subdivision for a hospital that provides high levels of administering high-cost drugs to enrollees in fee-for-service medical assistance.  The commissioner shall consider factors including fee-for-service medical assistance utilization rates and payments made for drugs purchased through the 340B drug purchasing program and administered to fee-for-service enrollees.  If any part of this adjustment exceeds a hospital's hospital-specific disproportionate share hospital limit, or if the hospital qualifies for the alternative payment rate described in subdivision 2e, the commissioner shall make a payment to the hospital that equals the nonfederal share of the amount that exceeds the limit.  The total nonfederal share of the amount of the payment adjustment under this paragraph shall not exceed $1,500,000 $10,000,000.  The commissioner shall calculate the aggregate difference in payments for outpatient pharmacy claims for medical assistance enrollees receiving services from a managed care or county-based purchasing plan, when reimbursed at the 340B rate as compared to the non-340B rate, as specified in section 256B.0625, subdivision 13e.  By February 1, 2026, the commissioner shall report the results of this calculation for the prior fiscal year to the chairs and ranking members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over health care finance and policy.


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EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2026, or the January 1 following certification of the modernized pharmacy claims processing system, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when certification of the modernized pharmacy claims processing system occurs.

 

Sec. 12.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.056, subdivision 7, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 7.  Period of eligibility.  (a) Eligibility is available for the month of application and for three months prior to application if the person was eligible in those prior months.  A redetermination of eligibility must occur every 12 months.

 

(b) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary:

 

(1) a child under 19 years of age who is determined eligible for medical assistance must remain eligible for a period of 12 months;

 

(2) a child 19 years of age and older but under 21 years of age who is determined eligible for medical assistance must remain eligible for a period of 12 months; and

 

(3) a child under six years of age who is determined eligible for medical assistance must remain eligible through the month in which the child reaches six years of age.

 

(c) A child's eligibility under paragraph (b) may be terminated earlier if:

 

(1) the child or the child's representative requests voluntary termination of eligibility;

 

(2) the child ceases to be a resident of this state;

 

(3) the child dies; or

 

(4) the agency determines eligibility was erroneously granted at the most recent eligibility determination due to agency error or fraud, abuse, or perjury attributed to the child or the child's representative.

 

(b) (d) For a person eligible for an insurance affordability program as defined in section 256B.02, subdivision 19, who reports a change that makes the person eligible for medical assistance, eligibility is available for the month the change was reported and for three months prior to the month the change was reported, if the person was eligible in those prior months.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2025, or upon federal approval, whichever is later, except that paragraph (b), clause (1), is effective January 1, 2024.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 13.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0631, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  Cost-sharing.  (a) Except as provided in subdivision 2, the medical assistance benefit plan shall include the following cost-sharing for all recipients, effective for services provided on or after from September 1, 2011, to December 31, 2023:

 

(1) $3 per nonpreventive visit, except as provided in paragraph (b).  For purposes of this subdivision, a visit means an episode of service which is required because of a recipient's symptoms, diagnosis, or established illness, and which is delivered in an ambulatory setting by a physician or physician assistant, chiropractor, podiatrist, nurse midwife, advanced practice nurse, audiologist, optician, or optometrist;


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(2) $3.50 for nonemergency visits to a hospital-based emergency room, except that this co-payment shall be increased to $20 upon federal approval;

 

(3) $3 per brand-name drug prescription, $1 per generic drug prescription, and $1 per prescription for a brand‑name multisource drug listed in preferred status on the preferred drug list, subject to a $12 per month maximum for prescription drug co-payments.  No co-payments shall apply to antipsychotic drugs when used for the treatment of mental illness;

 

(4) a family deductible equal to $2.75 per month per family and adjusted annually by the percentage increase in the medical care component of the CPI-U for the period of September to September of the preceding calendar year, rounded to the next higher five-cent increment; and

 

(5) total monthly cost-sharing must not exceed five percent of family income.  For purposes of this paragraph, family income is the total earned and unearned income of the individual and the individual's spouse, if the spouse is enrolled in medical assistance and also subject to the five percent limit on cost-sharing.  This paragraph does not apply to premiums charged to individuals described under section 256B.057, subdivision 9.

 

(b) Recipients of medical assistance are responsible for all co-payments and deductibles in this subdivision.

 

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b), the commissioner, through the contracting process under sections 256B.69 and 256B.692, may allow managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans to waive the family deductible under paragraph (a), clause (4).  The value of the family deductible shall not be included in the capitation payment to managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans.  Managed care plans and county-based purchasing plans shall certify annually to the commissioner the dollar value of the family deductible.

 

(d) Notwithstanding paragraph (b), the commissioner may waive the collection of the family deductible described under paragraph (a), clause (4), from individuals and allow long-term care and waivered service providers to assume responsibility for payment.

 

(e) Notwithstanding paragraph (b), the commissioner, through the contracting process under section 256B.0756 shall allow the pilot program in Hennepin County to waive co-payments.  The value of the co-payments shall not be included in the capitation payment amount to the integrated health care delivery networks under the pilot program.

 

(f) For services provided on or after January 1, 2024, the medical assistance benefit plan must not include cost‑sharing or deductibles for any medical assistance recipient or benefit.

 

Sec. 14.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.0631, subdivision 3, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 3.  Collection.  (a) The medical assistance reimbursement to the provider shall be reduced by the amount of the co-payment or deductible, except that reimbursements shall not be reduced:

 

(1) once a recipient has reached the $12 per month maximum for prescription drug co-payments; or

 

(2) for a recipient who has met their monthly five percent cost-sharing limit.

 

(b) The provider collects the co-payment or deductible from the recipient.  Providers may not deny services to recipients who are unable to pay the co-payment or deductible.

 

(c) Medical assistance reimbursement to fee-for-service providers and payments to managed care plans shall not be increased as a result of the removal of co-payments or deductibles effective on or after January 1, 2009.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.


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Sec. 15.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.69, subdivision 4, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 4.  Limitation of choice; opportunity to opt out.  (a) The commissioner shall develop criteria to determine when limitation of choice may be implemented in the experimental counties, but shall provide all eligible individuals the opportunity to opt out of enrollment in managed care under this section.  The criteria shall ensure that all eligible individuals in the county have continuing access to the full range of medical assistance services as specified in subdivision 6.

 

(b) The commissioner shall exempt the following persons from participation in the project, in addition to those who do not meet the criteria for limitation of choice:

 

(1) persons eligible for medical assistance according to section 256B.055, subdivision 1;

 

(2) persons eligible for medical assistance due to blindness or disability as determined by the Social Security Administration or the state medical review team, unless:

 

(i) they are 65 years of age or older; or

 

(ii) they reside in Itasca County or they reside in a county in which the commissioner conducts a pilot project under a waiver granted pursuant to section 1115 of the Social Security Act;

 

(3) recipients who currently have private coverage through a health maintenance organization;

 

(4) recipients who are eligible for medical assistance by spending down excess income for medical expenses other than the nursing facility per diem expense;

 

(5) recipients who receive benefits under the Refugee Assistance Program, established under United States Code, title 8, section 1522(e);

 

(6) children who are both determined to be severely emotionally disturbed and receiving case management services according to section 256B.0625, subdivision 20, except children who are eligible for and who decline enrollment in an approved preferred integrated network under section 245.4682;

 

(7) adults who are both determined to be seriously and persistently mentally ill and received case management services according to section 256B.0625, subdivision 20;

 

(8) persons eligible for medical assistance according to section 256B.057, subdivision 10;

 

(9) persons with access to cost-effective employer-sponsored private health insurance or persons enrolled in a non-Medicare individual health plan determined to be cost-effective according to section 256B.0625, subdivision 15; and

 

(10) persons who are absent from the state for more than 30 consecutive days but still deemed a resident of Minnesota, identified in accordance with section 256B.056, subdivision 1, paragraph (b).

 

Children under age 21 who are in foster placement may enroll in the project on an elective basis.  Individuals excluded under clauses (1), (6), and (7) may choose to enroll on an elective basis.  The commissioner may enroll recipients in the prepaid medical assistance program for seniors who are (1) age 65 and over, and (2) eligible for medical assistance by spending down excess income.

 

(c) The commissioner may allow persons with a one-month spenddown who are otherwise eligible to enroll to voluntarily enroll or remain enrolled, if they elect to prepay their monthly spenddown to the state.


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(d) The commissioner may require, subject to the opt-out provision under paragraph (a), those individuals to enroll in the prepaid medical assistance program who otherwise would have been excluded under paragraph (b), clauses (1), (3), and (8), and under Minnesota Rules, part 9500.1452, subpart 2, items H, K, and L.

 

(e) Before limitation of choice is implemented, eligible individuals shall be notified and given the opportunity to opt out of managed care enrollment.  After notification, those individuals who choose not to opt out shall be allowed to choose only among demonstration providers.  The commissioner may assign an individual with private coverage through a health maintenance organization, to the same health maintenance organization for medical assistance coverage, if the health maintenance organization is under contract for medical assistance in the individual's county of residence.  After initially choosing a provider, the recipient is allowed to change that choice only at specified times as allowed by the commissioner.  If a demonstration provider ends participation in the project for any reason, a recipient enrolled with that provider must select a new provider but may change providers without cause once more within the first 60 days after enrollment with the second provider.

 

(f) An infant born to a woman who is eligible for and receiving medical assistance and who is enrolled in the prepaid medical assistance program shall be retroactively enrolled to the month of birth in the same managed care plan as the mother once the child is enrolled in medical assistance unless the child is determined to be excluded from enrollment in a prepaid plan under this section.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 16.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.69, subdivision 6d, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 6d.  Prescription drugs.  The commissioner may shall exclude or modify coverage for outpatient prescription drugs dispensed by a pharmacy to a medical assistance or MinnesotaCare enrollee from the prepaid managed care contracts entered into under this section in order to increase savings to the state by collecting additional prescription drug rebates.  The contracts must maintain incentives for the managed care plan to manage drug costs and utilization and may require that the managed care plans maintain an open drug formulary.  In order to manage drug costs and utilization, the contracts may authorize the managed care plans to use preferred drug lists and prior authorization.  This subdivision is contingent on federal approval of the managed care contract changes and the collection of additional prescription drug rebates chapter and chapter 256L.  The commissioner may include, exclude, or modify coverage for prescription drugs administered to a medical assistance or MinnesotaCare enrollee from the prepaid managed care contracts entered into under this chapter and chapter 256L.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2026, or the January 1 following certification of the modernized pharmacy claims processing system, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when certification of the modernized pharmacy claims processing system occurs.

 

Sec. 17.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.69, subdivision 28, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 28.  Medicare special needs plans; medical assistance basic health care.  (a) The commissioner may contract with demonstration providers and current or former sponsors of qualified Medicare-approved special needs plans, to provide medical assistance basic health care services to persons with disabilities, including those with developmental disabilities.  Basic health care services include:

 

(1) those services covered by the medical assistance state plan except for ICF/DD services, home and community-based waiver services, case management for persons with developmental disabilities under section 256B.0625, subdivision 20a, and personal care and certain home care services defined by the commissioner in consultation with the stakeholder group established under paragraph (d); and

 

(2) basic health care services may also include risk for up to 100 days of nursing facility services for persons who reside in a noninstitutional setting and home health services related to rehabilitation as defined by the commissioner after consultation with the stakeholder group.


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The commissioner may exclude other medical assistance services from the basic health care benefit set.  Enrollees in these plans can access any excluded services on the same basis as other medical assistance recipients who have not enrolled.

 

(b) The commissioner may contract with demonstration providers and current and former sponsors of qualified Medicare special needs plans, to provide basic health care services under medical assistance to persons who are dually eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid and those Social Security beneficiaries eligible for Medicaid but in the waiting period for Medicare.  The commissioner shall consult with the stakeholder group under paragraph (d) in developing program specifications for these services.  Payment for Medicaid services provided under this subdivision for the months of May and June will be made no earlier than July 1 of the same calendar year.

 

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision 4, beginning January 1, 2012, The commissioner shall enroll persons with disabilities in managed care under this section, unless the individual chooses to opt out of enrollment.  The commissioner shall establish enrollment and opt out procedures consistent with applicable enrollment procedures under this section.

 

(d) The commissioner shall establish a state-level stakeholder group to provide advice on managed care programs for persons with disabilities, including both MnDHO and contracts with special needs plans that provide basic health care services as described in paragraphs (a) and (b).  The stakeholder group shall provide advice on program expansions under this subdivision and subdivision 23, including:

 

(1) implementation efforts;

 

(2) consumer protections; and

 

(3) program specifications such as quality assurance measures, data collection and reporting, and evaluation of costs, quality, and results.

 

(e) Each plan under contract to provide medical assistance basic health care services shall establish a local or regional stakeholder group, including representatives of the counties covered by the plan, members, consumer advocates, and providers, for advice on issues that arise in the local or regional area.

 

(f) The commissioner is prohibited from providing the names of potential enrollees to health plans for marketing purposes.  The commissioner shall mail no more than two sets of marketing materials per contract year to potential enrollees on behalf of health plans, at the health plan's request.  The marketing materials shall be mailed by the commissioner within 30 days of receipt of these materials from the health plan.  The health plans shall cover any costs incurred by the commissioner for mailing marketing materials.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 18.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.69, subdivision 36, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 36.  Enrollee support system.  (a) The commissioner shall establish an enrollee support system that provides support to an enrollee before and during enrollment in a managed care plan.

 

(b) The enrollee support system must:

 

(1) provide access to counseling for each potential enrollee on choosing a managed care plan or opting out of managed care;

 

(2) assist an enrollee in understanding enrollment in a managed care plan;

 

(3) provide an access point for complaints regarding enrollment, covered services, and other related matters;


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(4) provide information on an enrollee's grievance and appeal rights within the managed care organization and the state's fair hearing process, including an enrollee's rights and responsibilities; and

 

(5) provide assistance to an enrollee, upon request, in navigating the grievance and appeals process within the managed care organization and in appealing adverse benefit determinations made by the managed care organization to the state's fair hearing process after the managed care organization's internal appeals process has been exhausted.  Assistance does not include providing representation to an enrollee at the state's fair hearing, but may include a referral to appropriate legal representation sources.

 

(c) Outreach to enrollees through the support system must be accessible to an enrollee through multiple formats, including telephone, Internet, in-person, and, if requested, through auxiliary aids and services.

 

(d) The commissioner may designate enrollment brokers to assist enrollees on selecting a managed care organization and providing necessary enrollment information.  For purposes of this subdivision, "enrollment broker" means an individual or entity that performs choice counseling or enrollment activities in accordance with Code of Federal Regulations, part 42, section 438.810, or both.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 19.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.692, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  In general.  County boards or groups of county boards may elect to purchase or provide health care services on behalf of persons eligible for medical assistance who would otherwise be required to or may elect to participate in the prepaid medical assistance program according to section 256B.69, subject to the opt-out provision of section 256B.69, subdivision 4, paragraph (a).  Counties that elect to purchase or provide health care under this section must provide all services included in prepaid managed care programs according to section 256B.69, subdivisions 1 to 22.  County-based purchasing under this section is governed by section 256B.69, unless otherwise provided for under this section.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024.

 

Sec. 20.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256B.75, is amended to read:

 

256B.75 HOSPITAL OUTPATIENT REIMBURSEMENT.

 

(a) For outpatient hospital facility fee payments for services rendered on or after October 1, 1992, the commissioner of human services shall pay the lower of (1) submitted charge, or (2) 32 percent above the rate in effect on June 30, 1992, except for those services for which there is a federal maximum allowable payment.  Effective for services rendered on or after January 1, 2000, payment rates for nonsurgical outpatient hospital facility fees and emergency room facility fees shall be increased by eight percent over the rates in effect on December 31, 1999, except for those services for which there is a federal maximum allowable payment.  Services for which there is a federal maximum allowable payment shall be paid at the lower of (1) submitted charge, or (2) the federal maximum allowable payment.  Total aggregate payment for outpatient hospital facility fee services shall not exceed the Medicare upper limit.  If it is determined that a provision of this section conflicts with existing or future requirements of the United States government with respect to federal financial participation in medical assistance, the federal requirements prevail.  The commissioner may, in the aggregate, prospectively reduce payment rates to avoid reduced federal financial participation resulting from rates that are in excess of the Medicare upper limitations.

 

(b)(1) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), payment for outpatient, emergency, and ambulatory surgery hospital facility fee services for critical access hospitals designated under section 144.1483, clause (9), shall be paid on a cost-based payment system that is based on the cost-finding methods and allowable costs of the Medicare program. 


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Effective for services provided on or after July 1, 2015, rates established for critical access hospitals under this paragraph for the applicable payment year shall be the final payment and shall not be settled to actual costs.  Effective for services delivered on or after the first day of the hospital's fiscal year ending in 2017, the rate for outpatient hospital services shall be computed using information from each hospital's Medicare cost report as filed with Medicare for the year that is two years before the year that the rate is being computed.  Rates shall be computed using information from Worksheet C series until the department finalizes the medical assistance cost reporting process for critical access hospitals.  After the cost reporting process is finalized, rates shall be computed using information from Title XIX Worksheet D series.  The outpatient rate shall be equal to ancillary cost plus outpatient cost, excluding costs related to rural health clinics and federally qualified health clinics, divided by ancillary charges plus outpatient charges, excluding charges related to rural health clinics and federally qualified health clinics.

 

(2) The rate described in clause (1) must be increased for hospitals providing high levels of 340B drugs.  The rate adjustment must be based on four percent of each hospital's share of the total reimbursement for 340B drugs to all critical access hospitals, but must not exceed $3,000,000.

 

(c) Effective for services provided on or after July 1, 2003, rates that are based on the Medicare outpatient prospective payment system shall be replaced by a budget neutral prospective payment system that is derived using medical assistance data.  The commissioner shall provide a proposal to the 2003 legislature to define and implement this provision.  When implementing prospective payment methodologies, the commissioner shall use general methods and rate calculation parameters similar to the applicable Medicare prospective payment systems for services delivered in outpatient hospital and ambulatory surgical center settings unless other payment methodologies for these services are specified in this chapter.

 

(d) For fee-for-service services provided on or after July 1, 2002, the total payment, before third-party liability and spenddown, made to hospitals for outpatient hospital facility services is reduced by .5 percent from the current statutory rate.

 

(e) In addition to the reduction in paragraph (d), the total payment for fee-for-service services provided on or after July 1, 2003, made to hospitals for outpatient hospital facility services before third-party liability and spenddown, is reduced five percent from the current statutory rates.  Facilities defined under section 256.969, subdivision 16, are excluded from this paragraph.

 

(f) In addition to the reductions in paragraphs (d) and (e), the total payment for fee-for-service services provided on or after July 1, 2008, made to hospitals for outpatient hospital facility services before third-party liability and spenddown, is reduced three percent from the current statutory rates.  Mental health services and facilities defined under section 256.969, subdivision 16, are excluded from this paragraph.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2026, or the January 1 following certification of the modernized pharmacy claims processing system, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when certification of the modernized pharmacy claims processing system occurs.

 

Sec. 21.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.04, subdivision 1c, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 1c.  General requirements.  To be eligible for MinnesotaCare, a person must meet the eligibility requirements of this section.  A person eligible for MinnesotaCare shall with a family income of less than or equal to 200 percent of the federal poverty guidelines must not be considered a qualified individual under section 1312 of the Affordable Care Act, and is not eligible for enrollment in a qualified health plan offered through MNsure under chapter 62V.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2027, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.


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Sec. 22.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.04, subdivision 7a, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 7a.  Ineligibility.  Adults whose income is greater than the limits established under this section may not enroll in the MinnesotaCare program, except as provided in subdivision 15.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2027, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 23.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.04, subdivision 10, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 10.  Citizenship requirements.  (a) Eligibility for MinnesotaCare is limited available to citizens or nationals of the United States and; lawfully present noncitizens as defined in Code of Federal Regulations, title 8, section 103.12.; and undocumented noncitizens are ineligible for MinnesotaCare.  For purposes of this subdivision, an undocumented noncitizen is an individual who resides in the United States without the approval or acquiescence of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.  Families with children who are citizens or nationals of the United States must cooperate in obtaining satisfactory documentary evidence of citizenship or nationality according to the requirements of the federal Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Public Law 109-171.

 

(b) Notwithstanding subdivisions 1 and 7, eligible persons include families and individuals who are lawfully present and ineligible for medical assistance by reason of immigration status and who have incomes equal to or less than 200 percent of federal poverty guidelines, except that these persons may be eligible for emergency medical assistance under section 256B.06, subdivision 4.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2025.

 

Sec. 24.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.04, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 15.  Persons eligible for public option.  (a) Families and individuals with income above the maximum income eligibility limit specified in subdivision 1 or 7 but who meet all other MinnesotaCare eligibility requirements are eligible for MinnesotaCare.  All other provisions of this chapter apply unless otherwise specified.

 

(b) Families and individuals may enroll in MinnesotaCare under this subdivision only during an annual open enrollment period or special enrollment period, as designated by MNsure in compliance with Code of Federal Regulations, title 45, parts 155.410 and 155.420.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2027, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.

 

Sec. 25.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.07, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  General requirements.  Individuals enrolled in MinnesotaCare under section 256L.04, subdivision 1, and individuals enrolled in MinnesotaCare under section 256L.04, subdivision 7, whose income increases above 200 percent of the federal poverty guidelines, are no longer eligible for the program and shall must be disenrolled by the commissioner, unless the individuals continue MinnesotaCare enrollment through the public option under section 256L.04, subdivision 15.  For persons disenrolled under this subdivision, MinnesotaCare coverage terminates the last day of the calendar month in which the commissioner sends advance notice according to Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 431.211, that indicates the income of a family or individual exceeds program income limits.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2027, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.


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Sec. 26.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 256L.15, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Sliding fee scale; monthly individual or family income.  (a) The commissioner shall establish a sliding fee scale to determine the percentage of monthly individual or family income that households at different income levels must pay to obtain coverage through the MinnesotaCare program.  The sliding fee scale must be based on the enrollee's monthly individual or family income.

 

(b) Beginning January 1, 2014, MinnesotaCare enrollees shall pay premiums according to the premium scale specified in paragraph (d).

 

(c) (b) Paragraph (b) (a) does not apply to:

 

(1) children 20 years of age or younger; and

 

(2) individuals with household incomes below 35 percent of the federal poverty guidelines.

 

(d) The following premium scale is established for each individual in the household who is 21 years of age or older and enrolled in MinnesotaCare:

 

Federal Poverty Guideline Greater than or Equal to

 

Less than

 

Individual Premium Amount

 

  35%

  55%

 $4

  55%

  80%

 $6

  80%

  90%

 $8

  90%

100%

$10

100%

110%

$12

110%

120%

$14

120%

130%

$15

130%

140%

$16

140%

150%

$25

150%

160%

$37

160%

170%

$44

170%

180%

$52

180%

190%

$61

190%

200%

$71

200%

 

$80

 

(e) (c) Beginning January 1, 2021 2024, the commissioner shall continue to charge premiums in accordance with the simplified premium scale established to comply with the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, in effect from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2025, for families and individuals eligible under section 256L.04, subdivisions 1 and 7.  The commissioner shall adjust the premium scale established under paragraph (d) as needed to ensure that premiums do not exceed the amount that an individual would have been required to pay if the individual was enrolled in an applicable benchmark plan in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 600.505 (a)(1).

 

(d) The commissioner shall establish a sliding premium scale for persons eligible through the public option under section 256L.04, subdivision 15.  Beginning January 1, 2027, persons eligible through the public option shall pay premiums according to this premium scale.  Persons eligible through the public option who are 20 years of age or younger are exempt from paying premiums.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective January 1, 2024, except that paragraph (d) is effective January 1, 2027, or upon federal approval, whichever is later.  The commissioner of human services shall notify the revisor of statutes when federal approval is obtained.


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Sec. 27.  TRANSITION TO MINNESOTACARE PUBLIC OPTION.

 

(a) The commissioner of human services shall continue to administer MinnesotaCare as a basic health program in accordance with Minnesota Statutes, section 256L.02, subdivision 5.

 

(b) The commissioner shall present an implementation plan for the MinnesotaCare public option under Minnesota Statutes, section 256L.04, subdivision 15, to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over health care policy and finance by January 15, 2025.  The plan must include:

 

(1) recommendations for any changes to the MinnesotaCare public option necessary to continue federal basic health program funding or to receive other federal funding;

 

(2) recommendations for ensuring sufficient provider participation in MinnesotaCare;

 

(3) estimates of state costs related to the MinnesotaCare public option;

 

(4) a description of the proposed premium scale for persons eligible through the public option, including an analysis of the extent to which the proposed premium scale:

 

(i) ensures affordable premiums for persons across the income spectrum enrolled under the public option; and

 

(ii) avoids premium cliffs for persons transitioning to and enrolled under the public option; and

 

(5) draft legislation that includes any additional policy and conforming changes necessary to implement the MinnesotaCare public option and the implementation plan recommendations.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.

 

Sec. 28.  REQUEST FOR FEDERAL APPROVAL.

 

(a) The commissioner of human services shall seek any federal waivers, approvals, and law changes necessary to implement the MinnesotaCare public option under Minnesota Statutes, section 256L.04, subdivision 15, including but not limited to those waivers, approvals, and law changes necessary to allow the state to:

 

(1) continue receiving federal basic health program payments for basic health program-eligible MinnesotaCare enrollees and to receive other federal funding for the MinnesotaCare public option;

 

(2) receive federal payments equal to the value of premium tax credits and cost-sharing reductions that MinnesotaCare enrollees with household incomes greater than 200 percent of the federal poverty guidelines would otherwise have received; and

 

(3) receive federal payments equal to the value of emergency medical assistance that would otherwise have been paid to the state for covered services provided to eligible enrollees.

 

(b) In implementing this section, the commissioner of human services shall consult with the commissioner of commerce and the Board of Directors of MNsure and may contract for technical and actuarial assistance.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.

 

Sec. 29.  ANALYSIS OF BENEFITS AND COSTS OF UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM REFORM MODELS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  (a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.


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(b) "All necessary care" means the full range of services listed in the proposed Minnesota Health Plan legislation, including medical, dental, vision and hearing, mental health, chemical dependency treatment, reproductive and sexual health, prescription drugs, medical equipment and supplies, long-term care, home care, and coordination of care.

 

(c) "Direct payment system" means the health care delivery system authorized by Minnesota Statutes, section 256.9631.

 

(d) "MinnesotaCare public option" means the MinnesotaCare expansion to cover individuals eligible under Minnesota Statutes, section 256L.04, subdivision 15.

 

(e) "Other reform models" means alternative models of health care reform, which may include changes to health system administration, payments, or benefits, and may be comprehensive or specific to selected market segments or populations.

 

(f) "Total public and private health care spending" means:

 

(1) spending on all medical care including but not limited to dental, vision and hearing, mental health, chemical dependency treatment, prescription drugs, medical equipment and supplies, long-term care, and home care, whether paid through premiums, co-pays and deductibles, other out-of-pocket payments, or other funding from government, employers, or other sources; and

 

(2) the costs associated with administering, delivering, and paying for the care.  The costs of administering, delivering, and paying for the care includes all expenses by insurers, providers, employers, individuals, and the government to select, negotiate, purchase, and administer insurance and care including but not limited to coverage for health care, dental, long-term care, prescription drugs, and the medical expense portions of workers compensation and automobile insurance, and the cost of administering and paying for all health care products and services that are not covered by insurance.

 

Subd. 2.  Initial assumptions.  (a) When calculating administrative savings under the universal health proposal, the analysts shall recognize that simple, direct payment of medical services avoids the need for provider networks, eliminates prior authorization requirements, and eliminates administrative complexity of other payment schemes along with the need for creating risk adjustment mechanisms, and measuring, tracking, and paying under those risk adjusted or nonrisk adjusted payment schemes by both providers and payors.

 

(b) The analysts shall assume that, under the universal health proposal, while gross provider payments may be reduced to reflect reduced administrative costs, net provider income would remain similar to the current system.  However, they shall not assume that payment rate negotiations will track current Medicaid, Medicare, or market payment rates or a combination of those rates, because provider compensation, after adjusting for reduced administrative costs, would not be universally raised or lowered but would be negotiated based on market needs, so provider compensation might be raised in an underserved area such as mental health but lowered in other areas.

 

Subd. 3.  Contract for analysis of proposals; analytic tool.  (a) The commissioner of health shall contract with one or more independent entities to:

 

(1) conduct an analysis of the benefits and costs of a legislative proposal for a universal health care financing system, based on the legislative proposal known as the Minnesota Health Plan (Regular Session 2023, Senate File No. 2740/House File No. 2798) and a similar analysis of the current health care financing system to assist the state in comparing the proposal to the current system; and

 

(2) conduct an analysis of the MinnesotaCare public option, the direct payment system, and other reform models, and a similar analysis of the current health care financing system to assist the state in comparing the models to the current system.


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(b) In conducting these analyses, the contractor or contractors shall develop and use an analytic tool that meets the requirements in subdivision 4, and shall also make this analytic tool available for use by the commissioner.

 

(c) The commissioner shall issue a request for information.  Based on responses to the request for information, the commissioner shall issue a request for proposals that specifies requirements for the design, analysis, and deliverables, and shall select one or more contractors based on responses to the request for proposals.  The commissioner shall consult with the chief authors of this act in implementing this paragraph.

 

Subd. 4.  Requirements for analytic tool.  (a) The analytic tool must be able to assess and model the impact of the Minnesota Health Plan, the direct payment system, the MinnesotaCare public option, and other reform models on the following:

 

(1) coverage:  the number of people who are uninsured versus the number of people who are insured;

 

(2) benefit completeness:  adequacy of coverage measured by the completeness of the coverage and the number of people lacking coverage for key necessary care elements such as dental, long-term care, medical equipment or supplies, vision and hearing, or other health services that are not covered, if any.  The analysis must take into account the vast variety of benefit designs in the commercial market and report the extent of coverage in each area;

 

(3) underinsurance:  whether people with coverage can afford the care they need or whether cost prevents them from accessing care.  This includes affordability in terms of premiums, deductibles, and out-of-pocket expenses;

 

(4) system capacity:  the timeliness and appropriateness of the care received and whether people turn to inappropriate care such as emergency rooms because of a lack of proper care in accordance with clinical guidelines; and

 

(5) health care spending:  total public and private health care spending in Minnesota, including all spending by individuals, businesses, and government.  Where relevant, the analysis shall be broken out by key necessary care areas, such as medical, dental, and mental health.  The analysis of total health care spending shall examine whether there are savings or additional costs under the legislative proposal compared to the existing system due to:

 

(i) changes in cost of insurance, billing, underwriting, marketing, evaluation, and other administrative functions for all entities involved in the health care system, including savings from global budgeting for hospitals and institutional care instead of billing for individual services provided;

 

(ii) changed prices on medical services and products, including pharmaceuticals, due to price negotiations under the proposal;

 

(iii) impact on utilization, health outcomes, and workplace absenteeism due to prevention, early intervention, and health-promoting activities;

 

(iv) shortages or excess capacity of medical facilities, equipment, and personnel, including caregivers and staff, under either the current system or the proposal, including capacity of clinics, hospitals, and other appropriate care sites versus inappropriate emergency room usage.  The analysis shall break down capacity by geographic differences such as rural versus metro, and disparate access by population group;

 

(v) the impact on state, local, and federal government non-health-care expenditures.  This may include areas such as reduced crime and out-of-home placement costs due to mental health or chemical dependency coverage.  Additional definition may further develop hypotheses for other impacts that warrant analysis;

 

(vi) job losses or gains within the health care system, specifically, in health care delivery, health billing, and insurance administration;

 

(vii) job losses or gains elsewhere in the economy under the proposal due to implementation of the resulting reduction of insurance and administrative burdens on businesses; and


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(viii) impacts on disparities in health care access and outcomes.

 

(b) The analytic tool must:

 

(1) have the capacity to conduct interactive microsimulations;

 

(2) allow comparisons between the Minnesota Health Plan, the direct payment system, the MinnesotaCare public option, the current delivery system, and other reform models, on the relative impact of these delivery approaches on the variables described in paragraph (a); and

 

(3) allow comparisons based on differing assumptions about the characteristics and operation of the delivery approaches.

 

Subd. 5.  Analyses by the commissioner.  The commissioner, in cooperation with the commissioners of human services and commerce and the legislature, may use the analytic tool to assist in the development, design, and analysis of reform models under consideration by the legislature and state agencies, and to supplement the analyses of the Minnesota Health Plan, the MinnesotaCare public option, and the direct payment system conducted by the contractor or contractors under this section.

 

Subd. 6.  Report and delivery of analytic tool.  (a) The contractor or contractors, by January 15, 2026, shall report findings and recommendations to the commissioner, and to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over health care and commerce, on the design and implementation of the Minnesota Health Plan, the MinnesotaCare public option, and the direct payment system.  The findings and recommendations must address the feasibility and affordability of the proposals, and the projected impact of the proposals on the variables listed in subdivision 4.

 

(b) The contractor or contractors shall make the analytic tool available to the commissioner by January 15, 2026.

 

ARTICLE 3

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

 

Section 1.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 12A.08, subdivision 3, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 3.  Implementation.  To implement the requirements of this section, the commissioner may cooperate with private health care providers and facilities, Tribal nations, and community health boards as defined in section 145A.02,; provide grants to assist community health boards, and Tribal nations; use volunteer services of individuals qualified to provide public health services,; and enter into cooperative or mutual aid agreements to provide public health services.

 

Sec. 2.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 13.3805, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  Health data generally.  (a) Definitions.  As used in this subdivision:

 

(1) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.

 

(2) "Health data" are data on individuals created, collected, received, or maintained by the Department of Health, political subdivisions, or statewide systems relating to the identification, description, prevention, and control of disease or as part of an epidemiologic investigation the commissioner designates as necessary to analyze, describe, or protect the public health.

 

(b) Data on individuals.  (1) Health data are private data on individuals.  Notwithstanding section 13.05, subdivision 9, health data may not be disclosed except as provided in this subdivision and section 13.04.


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(2) The commissioner or a community health board as defined in section 145A.02, subdivision 5, may disclose health data to the data subject's physician as necessary to locate or identify a case, carrier, or suspect case, to establish a diagnosis, to provide treatment, to identify persons at risk of illness, or to conduct an epidemiologic investigation.

 

(3) With the approval of the commissioner, health data may be disclosed to the extent necessary to assist the commissioner to locate or identify a case, carrier, or suspect case, to alert persons who may be threatened by illness as evidenced by epidemiologic data, to control or prevent the spread of serious disease, or to diminish an imminent threat to the public health.

 

(c) Health summary data.  Summary data derived from data collected under section 145.413 may be provided under section 13.05, subdivision 7.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.

 

Sec. 3.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 16A.151, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Exceptions.  (a) If a state official litigates or settles a matter on behalf of specific injured persons or entities, this section does not prohibit distribution of money to the specific injured persons or entities on whose behalf the litigation or settlement efforts were initiated.  If money recovered on behalf of injured persons or entities cannot reasonably be distributed to those persons or entities because they cannot readily be located or identified or because the cost of distributing the money would outweigh the benefit to the persons or entities, the money must be paid into the general fund.

 

(b) Money recovered on behalf of a fund in the state treasury other than the general fund may be deposited in that fund.

 

(c) This section does not prohibit a state official from distributing money to a person or entity other than the state in litigation or potential litigation in which the state is a defendant or potential defendant.

 

(d) State agencies may accept funds as directed by a federal court for any restitution or monetary penalty under United States Code, title 18, section 3663(a)(3), or United States Code, title 18, section 3663A(a)(3).  Funds received must be deposited in a special revenue account and are appropriated to the commissioner of the agency for the purpose as directed by the federal court.

 

(e) Tobacco settlement revenues as defined in section 16A.98, subdivision 1, paragraph (t), may be deposited as provided in section 16A.98, subdivision 12.

 

(f) Any money received by the state resulting from a settlement agreement or an assurance of discontinuance entered into by the attorney general of the state, or a court order in litigation brought by the attorney general of the state, on behalf of the state or a state agency, related to alleged violations of consumer fraud laws in the marketing, sale, or distribution of opioids in this state or other alleged illegal actions that contributed to the excessive use of opioids, must be deposited in the settlement account established in the opiate epidemic response fund under section 256.043, subdivision 1.  This paragraph does not apply to attorney fees and costs awarded to the state or the Attorney General's Office, to contract attorneys hired by the state or Attorney General's Office, or to other state agency attorneys.

 

(g) Notwithstanding paragraph (f), if money is received from a settlement agreement or an assurance of discontinuance entered into by the attorney general of the state or a court order in litigation brought by the attorney general of the state on behalf of the state or a state agency against a consulting firm working for an opioid manufacturer or opioid wholesale drug distributor, the commissioner shall deposit any money received into the


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settlement account established within the opiate epidemic response fund under section 256.042, subdivision 1.  Notwithstanding section 256.043, subdivision 3a, paragraph (a), any amount deposited into the settlement account in accordance with this paragraph shall be appropriated to the commissioner of human services to award as grants as specified by the opiate epidemic response advisory council in accordance with section 256.043, subdivision 3a, paragraph (d).

 

(h) Any money received by the state resulting from a settlement agreement or an assurance of discontinuance entered into by the attorney general of the state, or a court order in litigation brought by the attorney general of the state on behalf of the state or a state agency related to alleged violations of consumer fraud laws in the marketing, sale, or distribution of electronic nicotine delivery systems in this state or other alleged illegal actions that contributed to the exacerbation of youth nicotine use, must be deposited in the tobacco use prevention account under section 144.398.  This paragraph does not apply to:  (1) attorney fees and costs awarded or paid to the state or the Attorney General's Office; (2) contract attorneys hired by the state or Attorney General's Office; or (3) other state agency attorneys.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective the day following final enactment.

 

Sec. 4.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.17, subdivision 5a, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 5a.  Retrospective review.  (a) The commissioner shall retrospectively review each major spending commitment and notify the provider of the results of the review.  The commissioner shall determine whether the major spending commitment was appropriate.  In making the determination, the commissioner may consider the following criteria:  the major spending commitment's impact on the cost, access, and quality of health care; the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the major spending commitment; and the alternatives available to the provider.  If the major expenditure is determined not to be appropriate, the commissioner shall notify the provider.

 

(b) The commissioner may not prevent or prohibit a major spending commitment subject to retrospective review.  However, if the provider fails the retrospective review, any major spending commitments by that provider for the five-year period following the commissioner's decision are subject to prospective review under subdivision 6a.

 

Sec. 5.  [62J.811] PROVIDER BALANCE BILLING REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Billing requirements.  (a) Each health care provider and health facility shall comply with Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, Division BB also known as the "No Surprises Act," including any federal regulations adopted under that act.

 

(b) For the purposes of this section, "provider" or "facility" means any health care provider or facility pursuant to section 62A.63, subdivision 2, or 62J.03, subdivision 8, that is subject to relevant provisions of the No Surprises Act. 

 

Subd. 2.  Compliance.  The commissioner shall, to the extent practicable, seek the cooperation of health care providers and facilities and may provide any support and assistance as available, in obtaining compliance with this section.

 

Sec. 6.  [62J.826] MEDICAL AND DENTAL PRACTICES; CURRENT STANDARD CHARGES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  (a) The definitions in this subdivision apply to this section.

 

(b) "CDT code" means a code value drawn from the Code on Dental Procedures and Nomenclature published by the American Dental Association.

 

(c) "Chargemaster" means the list of all individual items and services maintained by a medical or dental practice for which the medical or dental practice has established a charge.


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(d) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.

 

(e) "CPT code" means a code value drawn from the Current Procedural Terminology published by the American Medical Association.

 

(f) "Dental service" means a service charged using a CDT code.

 

(g) "Diagnostic laboratory testing" means a service charged using a CPT code within the CPT code range of 80047 to 89398.

 

(h) "Diagnostic radiology service" means a service charged using a CPT code within the CPT code range of 70010 to 79999 and includes the provision of x-rays, computed tomography scans, positron emission tomography scans, magnetic resonance imaging scans, and mammographies.

 

(i) "Hospital" means an acute care institution licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.58, but does not include a health care institution conducted for those who rely primarily upon treatment by prayer or spiritual means in accordance with the creed or tenets of any church or denomination.

 

(j) "Medical or dental practice" means a business that:

 

(1) earns revenue by providing medical care or dental services to the public;

 

(2) issues payment claims to health plan companies and other payers; and

 

(3) may be identified by its federal tax identification number.

 

(k) "Outpatient surgical center" means a health care facility other than a hospital offering elective outpatient surgery under a license issued under sections 144.50 to 144.58.

 

(l) "Standard charge" means the regular rate established by the medical or dental practice for an item or service provided to a specific group of paying patients.  This includes all of the following:

 

(1) the charge for an individual item or service that is reflected on a medical or dental practice's chargemaster, absent any discounts;

 

(2) the charge that a medical or dental practice has negotiated with a third-party payer for an item or service;

 

(3) the lowest charge that a medical or dental practice has negotiated with all third-party payers for an item or service;

 

(4) the highest charge that a medical or dental practice has negotiated with all third-party payers for an item or service; and

 

(5) the charge that applies to an individual who pays cash, or cash equivalent, for an item or service.

 

Subd. 2.  Requirement; current standard charges.  The following medical or dental practices must make available to the public a list of their current standard charges, as reflected in the medical or dental practice's chargemaster, for all items and services provided by the medical or dental practice:

 

(1) hospitals;

 

(2) outpatient surgical centers; and


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(3) any other medical or dental practice that has revenue of greater than $50,000,000 per year and that derives the majority of its revenue by providing one or more of the following services:

 

(i) diagnostic radiology services;

 

(ii) diagnostic laboratory testing;

 

(iii) orthopedic surgical procedures, including joint arthroplasty procedures within the CPT code range of 26990 to 27899;

 

(iv) ophthalmologic surgical procedures, including cataract surgery coded using CPT code 66982 or 66984, or refractive correction surgery to improve visual acuity;

 

(v) anesthesia services commonly provided as an ancillary to services provided at a hospital, outpatient surgical center, or medical practice that provides orthopedic surgical procedures or ophthalmologic surgical procedures;

 

(vi) oncology services, including radiation oncology treatments within the CPT code range of 77261 to 77799 and drug infusions; or

 

(vii) dental services.

 

Subd. 3.  Required file format and content.  (a) A medical or dental practice that is subject to this section must make available to the public, and must report to the commissioner, current standard charges using the format and data elements specified in the currently effective version of the Hospital Price Transparency Sample Format (Tall) (CSV) and related data dictionary recommended for hospitals by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).  If CMS modifies or replaces the specifications for this format, the form of this file must be modified or replaced to conform with the new CMS specifications by the date specified by CMS for compliance with its new specifications.  All prices included in the file must be expressed as dollar amounts.  The data must be in the form of a comma-separated-values file that can be directly imported without further editing or remediation into a relational database table that has been designed to receive these files.  The medical or dental practice must make the file available to the public in a manner specified by the commissioner and must report the file to the commissioner in a manner and frequency specified by the commissioner.

 

(b) A medical or dental practice must test its file for compliance with paragraph (a) before making the file available to the public and reporting the file to the commissioner.

 

(c) A hospital must comply with this section no later than January 1, 2024.  A medical or dental practice that meets the requirements in subdivision 2, clause (3), or an outpatient surgical center must comply with this section no later than January 1, 2025.

 

Sec. 7.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Definitions.  (a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this subdivision have the meanings given.

 

(b) "Biosimilar" means a drug that is produced or distributed pursuant to a biologics license application approved under United States Code, title 42, section 262(K)(3).

 

(c) "Brand name drug" means a drug that is produced or distributed pursuant to:

 

(1) an original, a new drug application approved under United States Code, title 21, section 355(c), except for a generic drug as defined under Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 447.502; or

 

(2) a biologics license application approved under United States Code, title 45 42, section 262(a)(c).


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(d) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.

 

(e) "Generic drug" means a drug that is marketed or distributed pursuant to:

 

(1) an abbreviated new drug application approved under United States Code, title 21, section 355(j);

 

(2) an authorized generic as defined under Code of Federal Regulations, title 45 42, section 447.502; or

 

(3) a drug that entered the market the year before 1962 and was not originally marketed under a new drug application.

 

(f) "Manufacturer" means a drug manufacturer licensed under section 151.252.

 

(g) "New prescription drug" or "new drug" means a prescription drug approved for marketing by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for which no previous wholesale acquisition cost has been established for comparison.

 

(h) "Patient assistance program" means a program that a manufacturer offers to the public in which a consumer may reduce the consumer's out-of-pocket costs for prescription drugs by using coupons, discount cards, prepaid gift cards, manufacturer debit cards, or by other means.

 

(i) "Prescription drug" or "drug" has the meaning provided in section 151.441, subdivision 8.

 

(j) "Price" means the wholesale acquisition cost as defined in United States Code, title 42, section 1395w‑3a(c)(6)(B).

 

(k) "30-day supply" means the total daily dosage units of a prescription drug recommended by the prescribing label approved by the FDA for 30 days.  If the FDA-approved prescribing label includes more than one recommended daily dosage, the 30-day supply is based on the maximum recommended daily dosage on the FDA‑approved prescribing label.

 

(l) "Course of treatment" means the total dosage of a single prescription for a prescription drug recommended by the FDA-approved prescribing label.  If the FDA-approved prescribing label includes more than one recommended dosage for a single course of treatment, the course of treatment is the maximum recommended dosage on the FDA‑approved prescribing label.

 

(m) "Drug product family" means a group of one or more prescription drugs that share a unique generic drug description or nontrade name and dosage form.

 

(n) "National drug code" means the three-segment code maintained by the federal Food and Drug Administration that includes a labeler code, a product code, and a package code for a drug product and that has been converted to an 11-digit format consisting of five digits in the first segment, four digits in the second segment, and two digits in the third segment.  A three-segment code shall be considered converted to an 11-digit format when, as necessary, at least one "0" has been added to the front of each segment containing less than the specified number of digits such that each segment contains the specified number of digits.

 

(o) "Pharmacy" or "pharmacy provider" means a place of business licensed by the Board of Pharmacy under section 151.19 in which prescription drugs are prepared, compounded, or dispensed under the supervision of a pharmacist.

 

(p) "Pharmacy benefit manager" or "PBM" means an entity licensed to act as a pharmacy benefit manager under section 62W.03.


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(q) "Pricing unit" means the smallest dispensable amount of a prescription drug product that could be dispensed.

 

(r) "Reporting entity" means any manufacturer, pharmacy, pharmacy benefit manager, wholesale drug distributor, or any other entity required to submit data under this section. 

 

(s) "Wholesale drug distributor" or "wholesaler" means an entity that:

 

(1) is licensed to act as a wholesale drug distributor under section 151.47; and

 

(2) distributes prescription drugs, of which it is not the manufacturer, to persons or entities, or both, other than a consumer or patient in the state.

 

Sec. 8.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 3, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 3.  Prescription drug price increases reporting.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2022, a drug manufacturer must submit to the commissioner the information described in paragraph (b) for each prescription drug for which the price was $100 or greater for a 30-day supply or for a course of treatment lasting less than 30 days and:

 

(1) for brand name drugs where there is an increase of ten percent or greater in the price over the previous 12‑month period or an increase of 16 percent or greater in the price over the previous 24-month period; and

 

(2) for generic or biosimilar drugs where there is an increase of 50 percent or greater in the price over the previous 12-month period.

 

(b) For each of the drugs described in paragraph (a), the manufacturer shall submit to the commissioner no later than 60 days after the price increase goes into effect, in the form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, the following information, if applicable:

 

(1) the name description and price of the drug and the net increase, expressed as a percentage;, with the following listed separately:

 

(i) the national drug code;

 

(ii) the product name;

 

(iii) the dosage form;

 

(iv) the strength; and

 

(v) the package size;

 

(2) the factors that contributed to the price increase;

 

(3) the name of any generic version of the prescription drug available on the market;

 

(4) the introductory price of the prescription drug when it was approved for marketing by the Food and Drug Administration and the net yearly increase, by calendar year, in the price of the prescription drug during the previous five years introduced for sale in the United States and the price of the drug on the last day of each of the five calendar years preceding the price increase;


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(5) the direct costs incurred during the previous 12-month period by the manufacturer that are associated with the prescription drug, listed separately:

 

(i) to manufacture the prescription drug;

 

(ii) to market the prescription drug, including advertising costs; and

 

(iii) to distribute the prescription drug;

 

(6) the total sales revenue for the prescription drug during the previous 12-month period;

 

(7) the manufacturer's net profit attributable to the prescription drug during the previous 12-month period;

 

(8) the total amount of financial assistance the manufacturer has provided through patient prescription assistance programs during the previous 12-month period, if applicable;

 

(9) any agreement between a manufacturer and another entity contingent upon any delay in offering to market a generic version of the prescription drug;

 

(10) the patent expiration date of the prescription drug if it is under patent;

 

(11) the name and location of the company that manufactured the drug; and

 

(12) if a brand name prescription drug, the ten highest prices price paid for the prescription drug during the previous calendar year in any country other than the ten countries, excluding the United States., that charged the highest single price for the prescription drug; and

 

(13) if the prescription drug was acquired by the manufacturer during the previous 12-month period, all of the following information:

 

(i) price at acquisition;

 

(ii) price in the calendar year prior to acquisition;

 

(iii) name of the company from which the drug was acquired;

 

(iv) date of acquisition; and

 

(v) acquisition price.

 

(c) The manufacturer may submit any documentation necessary to support the information reported under this subdivision.

 

Sec. 9.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 4, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 4.  New prescription drug price reporting.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2022, no later than 60 days after a manufacturer introduces a new prescription drug for sale in the United States that is a new brand name drug with a price that is greater than the tier threshold established by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for specialty drugs in the Medicare Part D program for a 30-day supply or for a course of treatment lasting fewer than 30 days or a new generic or biosimilar drug with a price that is greater than the tier threshold established by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for specialty drugs in the Medicare Part D program for a 30-day supply or for a course of treatment lasting fewer than 30 days and is not at least 15 percent lower than the referenced brand name drug when the generic or biosimilar drug is launched, the manufacturer must submit to the commissioner, in the form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, the following information, if applicable:


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(1) the description of the drug, with the following listed separately:

 

(i) the national drug code;

 

(ii) the product name;

 

(iii) the dosage form;

 

(iv) the strength; and

 

(v) the package size;

 

(1) (2) the price of the prescription drug;

 

(2) (3) whether the Food and Drug Administration granted the new prescription drug a breakthrough therapy designation or a priority review;

 

(3) (4) the direct costs incurred by the manufacturer that are associated with the prescription drug, listed separately:

 

(i) to manufacture the prescription drug;

 

(ii) to market the prescription drug, including advertising costs; and

 

(iii) to distribute the prescription drug; and

 

(4) (5) the patent expiration date of the drug if it is under patent.

 

(b) The manufacturer may submit documentation necessary to support the information reported under this subdivision.

 

Sec. 10.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 6, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 6.  Public posting of prescription drug price information.  (a) The commissioner shall post on the department's website, or may contract with a private entity or consortium that satisfies the standards of section 62U.04, subdivision 6, to meet this requirement, the following information:

 

(1) a list of the prescription drugs reported under subdivisions 3, 4, and 5, 11 to 14 and the manufacturers of those prescription drugs; and

 

(2) information reported to the commissioner under subdivisions 3, 4, and 5 11 to 14.

 

(b) The information must be published in an easy-to-read format and in a manner that identifies the information that is disclosed on a per-drug basis and must not be aggregated in a manner that prevents the identification of the prescription drug.

 

(c) The commissioner shall not post to the department's website or a private entity contracting with the commissioner shall not post any information described in this section if the information is not public data under section 13.02, subdivision 8a; or is trade secret information under section 13.37, subdivision 1, paragraph (b); or is trade secret information pursuant to the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016, United States Code, title 18, section 1836, as amended.  If a manufacturer believes information should be withheld from public disclosure pursuant to


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this paragraph, the manufacturer must clearly and specifically identify that information and describe the legal basis in writing when the manufacturer submits the information under this section.  If the commissioner disagrees with the manufacturer's request to withhold information from public disclosure, the commissioner shall provide the manufacturer written notice that the information will be publicly posted 30 days after the date of the notice.

 

(d) If the commissioner withholds any information from public disclosure pursuant to this subdivision, the commissioner shall post to the department's website a report describing the nature of the information and the commissioner's basis for withholding the information from disclosure.

 

(e) To the extent the information required to be posted under this subdivision is collected and made available to the public by another state, by the University of Minnesota, or through an online drug pricing reference and analytical tool, the commissioner may reference the availability of this drug price data from another source including, within existing appropriations, creating the ability of the public to access the data from the source for purposes of meeting the reporting requirements of this subdivision.

 

Sec. 11.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 7, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 7.  Consultation.  (a) The commissioner may consult with a private entity or consortium that satisfies the standards of section 62U.04, subdivision 6, the University of Minnesota, or the commissioner of commerce, as appropriate, in issuing the form and format of the information reported under this section; in posting information pursuant to subdivision 6; and in taking any other action for the purpose of implementing this section.

 

(b) The commissioner may consult with representatives of the manufacturers reporting entities to establish a standard format for reporting information under this section and may use existing reporting methodologies to establish a standard format to minimize administrative burdens to the state and manufacturers reporting entities.

 

Sec. 12.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 8, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 8.  Enforcement and penalties.  (a) A manufacturer reporting entity may be subject to a civil penalty, as provided in paragraph (b), for:

 

(1) failing to register under subdivision 15;

 

(1) (2) failing to submit timely reports or notices as required by this section;

 

(2) (3) failing to provide information required under this section; or

 

(3) (4) providing inaccurate or incomplete information under this section.

 

(b) The commissioner shall adopt a schedule of civil penalties, not to exceed $10,000 per day of violation, based on the severity of each violation.

 

(c) The commissioner shall impose civil penalties under this section as provided in section 144.99, subdivision 4.

 

(d) The commissioner may remit or mitigate civil penalties under this section upon terms and conditions the commissioner considers proper and consistent with public health and safety.

 

(e) Civil penalties collected under this section shall be deposited in the health care access fund.

 

Sec. 13.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, subdivision 9, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 9.  Legislative report.  (a) No later than May 15, 2022, and by January 15 of each year thereafter, the commissioner shall report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees with jurisdiction over commerce and health and human services policy and finance on the implementation of this section, including but not limited to the effectiveness in addressing the following goals:


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(1) promoting transparency in pharmaceutical pricing for the state and other payers;

 

(2) enhancing the understanding on pharmaceutical spending trends; and

 

(3) assisting the state and other payers in the management of pharmaceutical costs.

 

(b) The report must include a summary of the information submitted to the commissioner under subdivisions 3, 4, and 5 11 to 14.

 

Sec. 14.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 10.  Notice of prescription drugs of substantial public interest.  (a) No later than January 31, 2024, and quarterly thereafter, the commissioner shall produce and post on the department's website a list of prescription drugs that the department determines to represent a substantial public interest and for which the department intends to request data under subdivisions 11 to 14, subject to paragraph (c).  The department shall base its inclusion of prescription drugs on any information the department determines is relevant to providing greater consumer awareness of the factors contributing to the cost of prescription drugs in the state, and the department shall consider drug product families that include prescription drugs:

 

(1) that triggered reporting under subdivision 3 or 4 during the previous calendar quarter;

 

(2) for which average claims paid amounts exceeded 125 percent of the price as of the claim incurred date during the most recent calendar quarter for which claims paid amounts are available; or

 

(3) that are identified by members of the public during a public comment process.

 

(b) Not sooner than 30 days after publicly posting the list of prescription drugs under paragraph (a), the department shall notify, via email, reporting entities registered with the department of the requirement to report under subdivisions 11 to 14.

 

(c) No more than 500 prescription drugs may be designated as having a substantial public interest in any one notice.

 

Sec. 15.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 11.  Manufacturer prescription drug substantial public interest reporting.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2024, a manufacturer must submit to the commissioner the information described in paragraph (b) for any prescription drug:

 

(1) included in a notification to report issued to the manufacturer by the department under subdivision 10;

 

(2) which the manufacturer manufactures or repackages;

 

(3) for which the manufacturer sets the wholesale acquisition cost; and

 

(4) for which the manufacturer has not submitted data under subdivision 3 during the 120-day period prior to the date of the notification to report.

 

(b) For each of the drugs described in paragraph (a), the manufacturer shall submit to the commissioner no later than 60 days after the date of the notification to report, in the form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, the following information, if applicable:


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(1) a description of the drug with the following listed separately:

 

(i) the national drug code;

 

(ii) the product name;

 

(iii) the dosage form;

 

(iv) the strength; and

 

(v) the package size;

 

(2) the price of the drug product on the later of:

 

(i) the day one year prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(ii) the introduced to market date; or

 

(iii) the acquisition date;

 

(3) the price of the drug product on the date of the notification to report;

 

(4) the introductory price of the prescription drug when it was introduced for sale in the United States and the price of the drug on the last day of each of the five calendar years preceding the date of the notification to report;

 

(5) the direct costs incurred during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report by the manufacturers that are associated with the prescription drug, listed separately:

 

(i) to manufacture the prescription drug;

 

(ii) to market the prescription drug, including advertising costs; and

 

(iii) to distribute the prescription drug;

 

(6) the number of units of the prescription drug sold during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(7) the total sales revenue for the prescription drug during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(8) the total rebate payable amount accrued for the prescription drug during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(9) the manufacturer's net profit attributable to the prescription drug during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(10) the total amount of financial assistance the manufacturer has provided through patient prescription assistance programs during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report, if applicable;

 

(11) any agreement between a manufacturer and another entity contingent upon any delay in offering to market a generic version of the prescription drug;


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(12) the patent expiration date of the prescription drug if the prescription drug is under patent;

 

(13) the name and location of the company that manufactured the drug;

 

(14) if the prescription drug is a brand name prescription drug, the ten countries other than the United States that paid the highest prices for the prescription drug during the previous calendar year and their prices; and

 

(15) if the prescription drug was acquired by the manufacturer within a 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report, all of the following information:

 

(i) the price at acquisition;

 

(ii) the price in the calendar year prior to acquisition;

 

(iii) the name of the company from which the drug was acquired;

 

(iv) the date of acquisition; and

 

(v) the acquisition price.

 

(c) The manufacturer may submit any documentation necessary to support the information reported under this subdivision.

 

Sec. 16.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 12.  Pharmacy prescription drug substantial public interest reporting.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2024, a pharmacy must submit to the commissioner the information described in paragraph (b) for any prescription drug included in a notification to report issued to the pharmacy by the department under subdivision 10.

 

(b) For each of the drugs described in paragraph (a), the pharmacy shall submit to the commissioner no later than 60 days after the date of the notification to report, in the form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, the following information, if applicable:

 

(1) a description of the drug with the following listed separately:

 

(i) the national drug code;

 

(ii) the product name;

 

(iii) the dosage form;

 

(iv) the strength; and

 

(v) the package size;

 

(2) the number of units of the drug acquired during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(3) the total spent before rebates by the pharmacy to acquire the drug during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(4) the total rebate receivable amount accrued by the pharmacy for the drug during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;


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(5) the number of pricing units of the drug dispensed by the pharmacy during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(6) the total payment receivable by the pharmacy for dispensing the drug including ingredient cost, dispensing fee, and administrative fees during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(7) the total rebate payable amount accrued by the pharmacy for the drug during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report; and

 

(8) the average cash price paid by consumers per pricing unit for prescriptions dispensed where no claim was submitted to a health care service plan or health insurer during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report.

 

(c) The pharmacy may submit any documentation necessary to support the information reported under this subdivision.

 

Sec. 17.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 13.  PBM prescription drug substantial public interest reporting.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2024, a PBM must submit to the commissioner the information described in paragraph (b) for any prescription drug included in a notification to report issued to the PBM by the department under subdivision 10. 

 

(b) For each of the drugs described in paragraph (a), the PBM shall submit to the commissioner no later than 60 days after the date of the notification to report, in the form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, the following information, if applicable:

 

(1) a description of the drug with the following listed separately:

 

(i) the national drug code;

 

(ii) the product name;

 

(iii) the dosage form;

 

(iv) the strength; and

 

(v) the package size;

 

(2) the number of pricing units of the drug product filled for which the PBM administered claims during the 12‑month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(3) the total reimbursement amount accrued and payable to pharmacies for pricing units of the drug product filled for which the PBM administered claims during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(4) the total reimbursement or administrative fee amount, or both, accrued and receivable from payers for pricing units of the drug product filled for which the PBM administered claims during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(5) the total rebate receivable amount accrued by the PBM for the drug product during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report; and

 

(6) the total rebate payable amount accrued by the PBM for the drug product during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report.


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(c) The PBM may submit any documentation necessary to support the information reported under this subdivision.

 

Sec. 18.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 14.  Wholesale drug distributor prescription drug substantial public interest reporting.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2024, a wholesale drug distributor must submit to the commissioner the information described in paragraph (b) for any prescription drug included in a notification to report issued to the wholesale drug distributor by the department under subdivision 10. 

 

(b) For each of the drugs described in paragraph (a), the wholesale drug distributor shall submit to the commissioner no later than 60 days after the date of the notification to report, in the form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, the following information, if applicable:

 

(1) a description of the drug with the following listed separately:

 

(i) the national drug code;

 

(ii) the product name;

 

(iii) the dosage form;

 

(iv) the strength; and

 

(v) the package size;

 

(2) the number of units of the drug product acquired by the wholesale drug distributor during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(3) the total spent before rebates by the wholesale drug distributor to acquire the drug product during the 12‑month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(4) the total rebate receivable amount accrued by the wholesale drug distributor for the drug product during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(5) the number of units of the drug product sold by the wholesale drug distributor during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report;

 

(6) gross revenue from sales in the United States generated by the wholesale drug distributor for this drug product during the 12-month period prior to the date of the notification to report; and

 

(7) total rebate payable amount accrued by the wholesale drug distributor for the drug product during the 12‑month period prior to the date of the notification to report.

 

(c) The wholesale drug distributor may submit any documentation necessary to support the information reported under this subdivision.

 

Sec. 19.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 15.  Registration requirements.  Beginning January 1, 2024, a reporting entity subject to this chapter shall register with the department in a form and manner prescribed by the commissioner.


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Sec. 20.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62J.84, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 16.  Rulemaking.  For the purposes of this section, the commissioner may use the expedited rulemaking process under section 14.389.

 

Sec. 21.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.01, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 6b.  No Surprises Act.  "No Surprises Act" means Division BB of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, which amended Title XXVII of the Public Health Service Act, Public Law 116-260, and any amendments to and any federal guidance or regulations issued under this act.

 

Sec. 22.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.021, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 3.  Compliance with 2021 federal law.  Each health plan company, health provider, and health facility shall comply with the No Surprises Act, including any federal regulations adopted under the act, to the extent that the act imposes requirements that apply in this state but are not required under the laws of this state.  This subdivision does not require compliance with any provision of the No Surprises Act before the effective date provided for that provision in the No Surprises Act.  The commissioner shall enforce this subdivision.

 

Sec. 23.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.55, subdivision 5, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 5.  Coverage restrictions or limitations.  If emergency services are provided by a nonparticipating provider, with or without prior authorization, the health plan company shall not impose coverage restrictions or limitations that are more restrictive than apply to emergency services received from a participating provider.  Cost‑sharing requirements that apply to emergency services received out-of-network must be the same as the cost‑sharing requirements that apply to services received in-network and shall count toward the in-network deductible.  All coverage and charges for emergency services must comply with the No Surprises Act.

 

Sec. 24.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.556, is amended to read:

 

62Q.556 UNAUTHORIZED PROVIDER SERVICES CONSUMER PROTECTIONS AGAINST BALANCE BILLING.

 

Subdivision 1.  Unauthorized provider services Nonparticipating provider balance billing prohibition.  (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c), unauthorized provider services occur (b), balance billing is prohibited when an enrollee receives services from:

 

(1) from a nonparticipating provider at a participating hospital or ambulatory surgical center, when the services are rendered: as described by the No Surprises Act, including any federal regulations adopted under that act;

 

(i) due to the unavailability of a participating provider;

 

(ii) by a nonparticipating provider without the enrollee's knowledge; or

 

(iii) due to the need for unforeseen services arising at the time the services are being rendered; or

 

(2) from a participating provider that sends a specimen taken from the enrollee in the participating provider's practice setting to a nonparticipating laboratory, pathologist, or other medical testing facility.; or

 

(3) a nonparticipating provider or facility providing emergency services as defined in section 62Q.55, subdivision 3, and other services as described in the requirements of the No Surprises Act.


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(b) Unauthorized provider services do not include emergency services as defined in section 62Q.55, subdivision 3.

 

(c) (b) The services described in paragraph (a), clause (2) clauses (1), (2), and (3), as defined in the No Surprises Act, and any federal regulations adopted under that act, are not unauthorized provider services subject to balance billing if the enrollee gives advance written provides informed consent to prior to receiving services from the nonparticipating provider acknowledging that the use of a provider, or the services to be rendered, may result in costs not covered by the health plan.  The informed consent must comply with all requirements of the No Surprises Act, including any federal regulations adopted under that act.

 

Subd. 2.  Prohibition Cost-sharing requirements and independent dispute resolution.  (a) An enrollee's financial responsibility for the unauthorized nonparticipating provider services described in subdivision 1, paragraph (a), shall be the same cost-sharing requirements, including co-payments, deductibles, coinsurance, coverage restrictions, and coverage limitations, as those applicable to services received by the enrollee from a participating provider.  A health plan company must apply any enrollee cost sharing requirements, including co-payments, deductibles, and coinsurance, for unauthorized nonparticipating provider services to the enrollee's annual out‑of‑pocket limit to the same extent payments to a participating provider would be applied.

 

(b) A health plan company must attempt to negotiate the reimbursement, less any applicable enrollee cost sharing under paragraph (a), for the unauthorized nonparticipating provider services with the nonparticipating provider.  If a health plan company's and nonparticipating provider's attempts the attempt to negotiate reimbursement for the health care nonparticipating provider services do does not result in a resolution, the health plan company or provider may elect to refer the matter for binding arbitration, chosen in accordance with paragraph (c).  A nondisclosure agreement must be executed by both parties prior to engaging an arbitrator in accordance with this section.  The cost of arbitration must be shared equally between the parties.  either party may initiate the federal independent dispute resolution process pursuant to the No Surprises Act, including any federal regulations adopted under that act.

 

(c) The commissioner of health, in consultation with the commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services, must develop a list of professionals qualified in arbitration, for the purpose of resolving disputes between a health plan company and nonparticipating provider arising from the payment for unauthorized provider services.  The commissioner of health shall publish the list on the Department of Health website, and update the list as appropriate.

 

(d) The arbitrator must consider relevant information, including the health plan company's payments to other nonparticipating providers for the same services, the circumstances and complexity of the particular case, and the usual and customary rate for the service based on information available in a database in a national, independent, not‑for-profit corporation, and similar fees received by the provider for the same services from other health plans in which the provider is nonparticipating, in reaching a decision.

 

Subd. 3.  Annual data reporting.  (a) Beginning April 1, 2024, a health plan company must report annually to the commissioner of health:

 

(1) the total number of claims and total billed and paid amounts for nonparticipating provider services, by service and provider type, submitted to the health plan in the prior calendar year; and

 

(2) the total number of enrollee complaints received regarding the rights and protections established by the No Surprises Act in the prior calendar year.

 

(b) The commissioners of commerce and health shall develop the form and manner for health plan companies to comply with paragraph (a).


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Subd. 4.  Enforcement.  (a) Any provider or facility, including a health care provider or facility pursuant to section 62A.63, subdivision 2, or 62J.03, subdivision 8, that is subject to the relevant provisions of the No Surprises Act is subject to the requirements of this section and section 62J.811.

 

(b) The commissioner of commerce or health shall enforce this section.

 

(c) If a health-related licensing board has cause to believe that a provider has violated this section, it may further investigate and enforce the provisions of this section pursuant to chapter 214.

 

Sec. 25.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.56, subdivision 2, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 2.  Change in health plans.  (a) If an enrollee is subject to a change in health plans, the enrollee's new health plan company must provide, upon request, authorization to receive services that are otherwise covered under the terms of the new health plan through the enrollee's current provider:

 

(1) for up to 120 days if the enrollee is engaged in a current course of treatment for one or more of the following conditions:

 

(i) an acute condition;

 

(ii) a life-threatening mental or physical illness;

 

(iii) pregnancy beyond the first trimester of pregnancy;

 

(iv) a physical or mental disability defined as an inability to engage in one or more major life activities, provided that the disability has lasted or can be expected to last for at least one year, or can be expected to result in death; or

 

(v) a disabling or chronic condition that is in an acute phase; or

 

(2) for the rest of the enrollee's life if a physician certifies that the enrollee has an expected lifetime of 180 days or less.

 

For all requests for authorization under this paragraph, the health plan company must grant the request for authorization unless the enrollee does not meet the criteria provided in this paragraph.

 

(b) The health plan company shall prepare a written plan that provides a process for coverage determinations regarding continuity of care of up to 120 days for new enrollees who request continuity of care with their former provider, if the new enrollee:

 

(1) is receiving culturally appropriate services and the health plan company does not have a provider in its preferred provider network with special expertise in the delivery of those culturally appropriate services within the time and distance requirements of section 62D.124, subdivision 1; or

 

(2) does not speak English and the health plan company does not have a provider in its preferred provider network who can communicate with the enrollee, either directly or through an interpreter, within the time and distance requirements of section 62D.124, subdivision 1.

 

The written plan must explain the criteria that will be used to determine whether a need for continuity of care exists and how it will be provided.

 

(c) This subdivision applies only to group coverage and continuation and conversion coverage, and applies only to changes in health plans made by the employer.


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Sec. 26.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.73, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

 

Subdivision 1.  Definition.  For purposes of this section, "adverse determination" means:

 

(1) for individual health plans, a complaint decision relating to a health care service or claim that is partially or wholly adverse to the complainant;

 

(2) an individual health plan that is grandfathered plan coverage may instead apply the definition of adverse determination for group coverage in clause (3);

 

(3) for group health plans, a complaint decision relating to a health care service or claim that has been appealed in accordance with section 62Q.70 and the appeal decision is partially or wholly adverse to the complainant;

 

(4) any adverse determination, as defined in section 62M.02, subdivision 1a, that has been appealed in accordance with section 62M.06 and the appeal did not reverse the adverse determination;

 

(5) a decision relating to a health care service made by a health plan company licensed under chapter 60A that denies the service on the basis that the service was not medically necessary; or

 

(6) the enrollee has met the requirements of subdivision 6, paragraph (e).; or

 

(7) a decision relating to a health plan's coverage of nonparticipating provider services as described in and subject to section 62Q.556, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).

 

An adverse determination does not include complaints relating to fraudulent marketing practices or agent misrepresentation.

 

Sec. 27.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62Q.73, subdivision 7, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 7.  Standards of review.  (a) For an external review of any issue in an adverse determination that does not require a medical necessity determination, the external review must be based on whether the adverse determination was in compliance with the enrollee's health benefit plan or section 62Q.556, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).

 

(b) For an external review of any issue in an adverse determination by a health plan company licensed under chapter 62D that requires a medical necessity determination, the external review must determine whether the adverse determination was consistent with the definition of medically necessary care in Minnesota Rules, part 4685.0100, subpart 9b.

 

(c) For an external review of any issue in an adverse determination by a health plan company, other than a health plan company licensed under chapter 62D, that requires a medical necessity determination, the external review must determine whether the adverse determination was consistent with the definition of medically necessary care in section 62Q.53, subdivision 2.

 

(d) For an external review of an adverse determination involving experimental or investigational treatment, the external review entity must base its decision on all documents submitted by the health plan company and enrollee, including:

 

(1) medical records;

 

(2) the recommendation of the attending physician, advanced practice registered nurse, physician assistant, or health care professional;

 

(3) consulting reports from health care professionals;


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(4) the terms of coverage;

 

(5) federal Food and Drug Administration approval; and

 

(6) medical or scientific evidence or evidence-based standards.

 

Sec. 28.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, subdivision 4, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 4.  Encounter data.  (a) All health plan companies, dental plan companies, and third-party administrators shall submit encounter data on a monthly basis to a private entity designated by the commissioner of health.  The data shall be submitted in a form and manner specified by the commissioner subject to the following requirements:

 

(1) the data must be de-identified data as described under the Code of Federal Regulations, title 45, section 164.514;

 

(2) the data for each encounter must include an identifier for the patient's health care home if the patient has selected a health care home, data on contractual value-based payments, and, for claims incurred on or after January 1, 2019, data deemed necessary by the commissioner to uniquely identify claims in the individual health insurance market; and

 

(3) the data must include enrollee race and ethnicity, to the extent available; and

 

(3) (4) except for the identifier data described in clause clauses (2) and (3), the data must not include information that is not included in a health care claim, dental care claim, or equivalent encounter information transaction that is required under section 62J.536.

 

(b) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall only use the data submitted under paragraph (a) to carry out the commissioner's responsibilities in this section, including supplying the data to providers so they can verify their results of the peer grouping process consistent with the recommendations developed pursuant to subdivision 3c, paragraph (d), and adopted by the commissioner and, if necessary, submit comments to the commissioner or initiate an appeal.

 

(c) Data on providers collected under this subdivision are private data on individuals or nonpublic data, as defined in section 13.02.  Notwithstanding the definition of summary data in section 13.02, subdivision 19, summary data prepared under this subdivision may be derived from nonpublic data.  Notwithstanding the data classifications in this paragraph, data on providers collected under this subdivision may be released or published as authorized in subdivision 11.  The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall establish procedures and safeguards to protect the integrity and confidentiality of any data that it maintains.

 

(d) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall not publish analyses or reports that identify, or could potentially identify, individual patients.

 

(e) The commissioner shall compile summary information on the data submitted under this subdivision.  The commissioner shall work with its vendors to assess the data submitted in terms of compliance with the data submission requirements and the completeness of the data submitted by comparing the data with summary information compiled by the commissioner and with established and emerging data quality standards to ensure data quality.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  Paragraph (a), clause (3), is effective retroactively from January 1, 2023, and applies to claims incurred on or after that date.


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Sec. 29.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, subdivision 5, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 5.  Pricing data.  (a) All health plan companies, dental plan companies, and third-party administrators shall submit, on a monthly basis, data on their contracted prices with health care providers and dental care providers to a private entity designated by the commissioner of health for the purposes of performing the analyses required under this subdivision.  Data on contracted prices submitted under this paragraph must include data on supplemental contractual value-based payments paid to health care providers.  The data shall be submitted in the form and manner specified by the commissioner of health.

 

(b) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall only use the data submitted under this subdivision to carry out the commissioner's responsibilities under this section, including supplying the data to providers so they can verify their results of the peer grouping process consistent with the recommendations developed pursuant to subdivision 3c, paragraph (d), and adopted by the commissioner and, if necessary, submit comments to the commissioner or initiate an appeal.

 

(c) Data collected under this subdivision are nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02.  Notwithstanding the definition of summary data in section 13.02, subdivision 19, summary data prepared under this section may be derived from nonpublic data.  Notwithstanding the data classifications in this paragraph, data on providers collected under this subdivision may be released or published as authorized in subdivision 11.  The commissioner shall establish procedures and safeguards to protect the integrity and confidentiality of any data that it maintains.

 

Sec. 30.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, subdivision 5a, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 5a.  Self-insurers.  (a) The commissioner shall not require a self-insurer governed by the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) to comply with this section.

 

(b) A third-party administrator must annually notify the self-insurers whose health plans are administered by the third-party administrator that the self-insurer may elect to have the third-party administrator submit encounter data and data on contracted prices under subdivisions 4 and 5 from the self-insurer's health plan for the upcoming plan year.  This notice must be provided in a form and manner specified by the commissioner.  After receiving responses from self-insurers, a third-party administrator must, in a form and manner specified by the commissioner, report to the commissioner:

 

(1) the self-insurers that elected to have the third-party administrator submit encounter data and data on contracted prices from the self-insurer's health plan for the upcoming plan year;

 

(2) the self-insurers that declined to have the third-party administrator submit encounter data and data on contracted prices from the self-insurer's health plan for the upcoming plan year; and

 

(3) data deemed necessary by the commissioner to identify and track the status of reporting of data from self‑insured health plans.

 

Sec. 31.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 5b.  Nonclaims-based payments.  (a) Beginning January 1, 2025, all health plan companies and third‑party administrators shall submit to a private entity designated by the commissioner of health all nonclaims‑based payments made to health care providers.  The data shall be submitted in a form, manner, and frequency specified by the commissioner.  Nonclaims-based payments are payments to health care providers designed to pay for value of health care services over volume of health care services and include alternative payment models or incentives, payments for infrastructure expenditures or investments, and payments for workforce expenditures or investments.  Nonclaims-based payments submitted under this subdivision must, to the extent possible, be attributed to a health care provider in the same manner in which claims-based data are attributed to a health care provider and, where appropriate, must be combined with data collected under subdivisions 4 and 5 in analyses of health care spending.


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(b) Data collected under this subdivision are nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02.  Notwithstanding the definition of summary data in section 13.02, subdivision 19, summary data prepared under this subdivision may be derived from nonpublic data.  The commissioner shall establish procedures and safeguards to protect the integrity and confidentiality of any data maintained by the commissioner.

 

(c) The commissioner shall consult with health plan companies, hospitals, health care providers, and the commissioner of human services in developing the data reported under this subdivision and standardized reporting forms.

 

Sec. 32.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, subdivision 11, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 11.  Restricted uses of the all-payer claims data.  (a) Notwithstanding subdivision 4, paragraph (b), and subdivision 5, paragraph (b), the commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall only use the data submitted under subdivisions 4 and, 5, 5a, and 5b for the following purposes authorized in this subdivision and in subdivision 13:

 

(1) to evaluate the performance of the health care home program as authorized under section 62U.03, subdivision 7;

 

(2) to study, in collaboration with the reducing avoidable readmissions effectively (RARE) campaign, hospital readmission trends and rates;

 

(3) to analyze variations in health care costs, quality, utilization, and illness burden based on geographical areas or populations;

 

(4) to evaluate the state innovation model (SIM) testing grant received by the Departments of Health and Human Services, including the analysis of health care cost, quality, and utilization baseline and trend information for targeted populations and communities; and

 

(5) to compile one or more public use files of summary data or tables that must:

 

(i) be available to the public for no or minimal cost by March 1, 2016, and available by web-based electronic data download by June 30, 2019;

 

(ii) not identify individual patients, payers, or providers but that may identify the rendering or billing hospital, clinic, or medical practice so long as no individual health professionals are identified and the commissioner finds the data to be accurate, valid, and suitable for publication for such use;

 

(iii) be updated by the commissioner, at least annually, with the most current data available; and

 

(iv) contain clear and conspicuous explanations of the characteristics of the data, such as the dates of the data contained in the files, the absence of costs of care for uninsured patients or nonresidents, and other disclaimers that provide appropriate context; and

 

(v) not lead to the collection of additional data elements beyond what is authorized under this section as of June 30, 2015.

 

(6) to conduct analyses of the impact of health care transactions on health care costs, market consolidation, and quality under section 144.593, subdivision 6.

 

(b) The commissioner may publish the results of the authorized uses identified in paragraph (a) so long as the data released publicly do not contain information or descriptions in which the identity of individual hospitals, clinics, or other providers may be discerned.  The data published under this paragraph may identify hospitals, clinics, and medical practices so long as no individual health professionals are identified and the commissioner finds the data to be accurate, valid, and suitable for publication for such use.


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(c) Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to prohibit the commissioner from using the data collected under subdivision 4 to complete the state-based risk adjustment system assessment due to the legislature on October 1, 2015.

 

(d) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee may use the data submitted under subdivisions 4 and 5 for the purpose described in paragraph (a), clause (3), until July 1, 2023.

 

(e) The commissioner shall consult with the all-payer claims database work group established under subdivision 12 regarding the technical considerations necessary to create the public use files of summary data described in paragraph (a), clause (5).

 

Sec. 33.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 62U.04, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

 

Subd. 13.  Expanded access to and use of the all-payer claims data.  (a) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall make the data submitted under subdivisions 4, 5, 5a, and 5b available to individuals and organizations engaged in research on, or efforts to effect transformation in, health care outcomes, access, quality, disparities, or spending, provided the use of the data serves a public benefit.  Data made available under this subdivision may not be used to:

 

(1) create an unfair market advantage for any participant in the health care market in Minnesota, including health plan companies, payers, and providers;

 

(2) reidentify or attempt to reidentify an individual in the data; or

 

(3) publicly report contract details between a health plan company and provider and derived from the data.

 

(b) To implement paragraph (a), the commissioner shall:

 

(1) establish detailed requirements for data access; a process for data users to apply to access and use the data; legally enforceable data use agreements to which data users must consent; a clear and robust oversight process for data access and use, including a data management plan, that ensures compliance with state and federal data privacy laws; agreements for state agencies and the University of Minnesota to ensure proper and efficient use and security of data; and technical assistance for users of the data and for stakeholders;

 

(2) develop a fee schedule to support the cost of expanded access to and use of the data, provided the fees charged under the schedule do not create a barrier to access or use for those most affected by disparities; and

 

(3) create a research advisory group to advise the commissioner on applications for data use under this subdivision, including an examination of the rigor of the research approach, the technical capabilities of the proposed user, and the ability of the proposed user to successfully safeguard the data.

 

Sec. 34.  [115.7411] ADVISORY COUNCIL ON WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Purpose; membership.  The Advisory Council on Water Supply Systems and Wastewater Treatment Facilities shall advise the commissioners of health and the Pollution Control Agency regarding classification of water supply systems and wastewater treatment facilities, qualifications and competency evaluation of water supply system operators and wastewater treatment facility operators, and additional laws, rules, and procedures that may be desirable for regulating the operation of water supply systems and of wastewater treatment facilities.  The advisory council is composed of 11 voting members, of whom:

 

(1) one member must be from the Department of Health, Division of Environmental Health, appointed by the commissioner of health;


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(2) one member must be from the Pollution Control Agency appointed by the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency;

 

(3) three members must be certified water supply system operators, appointed by the commissioner of health, one of whom must represent a nonmunicipal community or nontransient noncommunity water supply system;

 

(4) three members must be certified wastewater treatment facility operators, appointed by the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency;

 

(5) one member must be a representative from an organization representing municipalities, appointed by the commissioner of health with the concurrence of the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency; and

 

(6) two members must be members of the public who are not associated with water supply systems or wastewater treatment facilities.  One must be appointed by the commissioner of health and the other by the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency.  Consideration should be given to one of these members being a representative of academia knowledgeable in water or wastewater matters.

 

Subd. 2.  Geographic representation.  At least one of the water supply system operators and at least one of the wastewater treatment facility operators must be from outside the seven-county metropolitan area and one wastewater treatment facility operator must be from the Metropolitan Council.

 

Subd. 3.  Terms; compensation.  The terms of the appointed members and the compensation and removal of all members are governed by section 15.059.

 

Subd. 4.  Officers.  When new members are appointed to the council, a chair must be elected at the next council meeting.  The Department of Health representative shall serve as secretary of the council.

 

Sec. 35.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 121A.335, is amended to read:

 

121A.335 LEAD IN SCHOOL DRINKING WATER.

 

Subdivision 1.  Model plan.  The commissioners of health and education shall jointly develop a model plan to require school districts to accurately and efficiently test for the presence of lead in water in public school buildings serving students in kindergarten through grade 12.  To the extent possible, the commissioners shall base the plan on the standards established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.  The plan may be based on the technical guidance in the Department of Health's document, "Reducing Lead in Drinking Water:  A Technical Guidance for Minnesota's School and Child Care Facilities." The plan must include recommendations for remediation efforts when testing reveals the presence of lead at or above five parts per billion.

 

Subd. 2.  School plans.  (a) By July 1, 2018, the board of each school district or charter school must adopt the commissioners' model plan or develop and adopt an alternative plan to accurately and efficiently test for the presence of lead in water in school buildings serving prekindergarten students and students in kindergarten through grade 12.

 

(b) By July 1, 2024, a school district or charter school must revise its plan to include its policies and procedures for ensuring consistent water quality throughout the district's or charter school's facilities.  The plan must document the routine water management strategies and procedures used in each building or facility to maintain water quality and reduce exposure to lead.  A district or charter school must base the plan on the United States Environmental Protection Agency's "Ensuring Drinking Water Quality in Schools During and After Extended Closures" fact sheet and the United States Environmental Protection Agency's "3Ts Toolkit for Reducing Lead in Drinking Water in Schools and Child Care Facilities" manual.  A district or charter school's plan must be publicly available upon request.


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Subd. 3.  Frequency of testing.  (a) The plan under subdivision 2 must include a testing schedule for every building serving prekindergarten through grade 12 students.  The schedule must require that each building be tested at least once every five years.  A school district or charter school must begin testing school buildings by July 1, 2018, and complete testing of all buildings that serve students within five years.

 

(b) A school district or charter school that finds lead at a specific location providing cooking or drinking water within a facility must formulate, make publicly available, and implement a plan that is consistent with established guidelines and recommendations to ensure that student exposure to lead is minimized reduced to below five parts per billion as verified by a retest.  This includes, when a school district or charter school finds the presence of lead at a level where action should be taken as set by the guidance at or above five parts per billion in any water source fixture that can provide cooking or drinking water, immediately shutting off the water source fixture or making it unavailable until the hazard has been minimized remediated as verified by a retest.

 

(c) A school district or charter school must test for the presence of lead after completing remediation activities required under this section to confirm that the water contains lead at a level below five parts per billion.

 

Subd. 4.  Ten-year facilities plan.  A school district may include lead testing and remediation as a part of its ten-year facilities plan under section 123B.595.

 

Subd. 5.  Reporting.  (a) A school district or charter school that has tested its buildings for the presence of lead shall make the results of the testing available to the public for review and must notify parents of the availability of the information.  School districts and charter schools must follow the actions outlined in guidance from the commissioners of health and education. must send parents an annual notice that includes the district's or charter school's annual testing and remediation plan, information about how to find test results, and a description of remediation efforts on the district website.  The district or charter school must update the lead testing and remediation information on its website at least annually.  In addition to the annual notice, the district or charter school must include in an official school handbook or official school policy guide information on how parents may find the test results and a description of remediation efforts on the district or charter school website and how often this information is updated.

 

(b) If a test conducted under subdivision 3, paragraph (a), reveals the presence of lead at or above a level where action should be taken as set by the guidance five parts per billion, the school district or charter school must, within 30 days of receiving the test result, either remediate the presence of lead to below the level set in guidance five parts per billion, verified by retest, or directly notify parents of the test result.  The school district or charter school must make the water source unavailable until the hazard has been minimized.

 

(c) Starting July 1, 2024, school districts and charter schools must report their test results and remediation activities to the commissioner of health in the form and manner determined by the commissioner in consultation with school districts and charter schools, by July 1 of each year.  The commissioner of health must post and annually update the test results and remediation efforts on the department website by school site.

 

(d) A district or charter school must maintain a record of lead testing results and remediation activities for at least 15 years.

 

Subd. 6.  Public water systems.  (a) A district or charter school is not financially responsible for remediation of documented elevated lead levels in drinking water caused by the presence of lead infrastructure owned by a public water supply utility providing water to the school facility, such as lead service lines, meters, galvanized service lines downstream of lead, or lead connectors.  The district or charter school must communicate with the public water system regarding its documented significant contribution to lead contamination in school drinking water and request from the public water system a plan for reducing the lead contamination.

 

(b) If the infrastructure is jointly owned by a district or charter school and a public water supply utility, the district or charter school must attempt to coordinate any needed replacements of lead service lines with the public water supply utility.


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(c) A district or charter school may defer its remediation activities under this section until after the elevated lead level in the public water system's infrastructure is remediated and postremediation testing does not detect an elevated lead level in the drinking water that passes through that infrastructure.  A district or charter school may also defer its remediation activities if the public water supply exceeds the federal Safe Drinking Water Act lead action level or is in violation of the Safe Drinking Water Act Lead and Copper Rule.

 

Subd. 7.  Commissioner recommendations.  By January 1, 2026, and every five years thereafter, the commissioner of health must report to the legislative committees having jurisdiction over health and kindergarten through grade 12 education any recommended changes to this section.  The recommendations must be based on currently available scientific evidence regarding the effects of lead in drinking water.

 

Sec. 36.  [144.0526] MINNESOTA ONE HEALTH ANTIMICROBIAL STEWARDSHIP COLLABORATIVE.

 

Subdivision 1.  Establishment.  The commissioner of health shall establish the Minnesota One Health Antimicrobial Stewardship Collaborative.  The commissioner shall appoint a director to execute operations, conduct health education, and provide technical assistance. 

 

Subd. 2.  Commissioner's duties.  The commissioner of health shall oversee a program to:

 

(1) maintain the position of director of One Health Antimicrobial Stewardship to lead state antimicrobial stewardship initiatives across human, animal, and environmental health;

 

(2) communicate to professionals and the public the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, especially related to preserving the efficacy of antibiotic medications, which are a shared resource;

 

(3) leverage new and existing partnerships.  The commissioner of health shall consult and collaborate with academic institutions, industry and community organizations, and organizations and agencies in fields including but not limited to health care, veterinary medicine, and animal agriculture to inform strategies for education, practice improvement, and research in all settings where antimicrobial products are used;

 

(4) ensure that veterinary settings have education and strategies needed to practice appropriate antibiotic prescribing, implement clinical antimicrobial stewardship programs, and prevent transmission of antimicrobial‑resistant microbes; and

 

(5) support collaborative research and programmatic initiatives to improve the understanding of the impact of antimicrobial use and resistance in the natural environment.

 

Sec. 37.  [144.0528] COMPREHENSIVE DRUG OVERDOSE AND MORBIDITY PREVENTION ACT.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definition.  For the purpose of this section, "drug overdose and morbidity" means health problems that people experience after inhaling, ingesting, or injecting medicines in quantities that exceed prescription status; medicines taken that are prescribed to a different person; medicines that have been adulterated or adjusted by contaminants intentionally or unintentionally; or nonprescription drugs in amounts that result in morbidity or mortality. 

 

Subd. 2.  Establishment.  The commissioner of health shall establish a comprehensive drug overdose and morbidity program to conduct comprehensive drug overdose and morbidity prevention activities, epidemiologic investigations and surveillance, and evaluation to monitor, address, and prevent drug overdoses statewide through integrated strategies that include the following: 


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(1) advance access to evidence-based nonnarcotic pain management services;

 

(2) implement culturally specific interventions and prevention programs with population and community groups in greatest need, including those who are pregnant and their infants;

 

(3) enhance overdose prevention and supportive services for people experiencing homelessness.  This strategy includes funding for emergency and short-term housing subsidies through the homeless overdose prevention hub and expanding support for syringe services programs serving people experiencing homelessness statewide;

 

(4) equip employers to promote health and well-being of employees by addressing substance misuse and drug overdose;

 

(5) improve outbreak detection and identification of substances involved in overdoses through the expansion of the Minnesota Drug Overdose and Substance Use Surveillance Activity (MNDOSA);

 

(6) implement Tackling Overdose With Networks (TOWN) community prevention programs;

 

(7) identify, address, and respond to drug overdose and morbidity in those who are pregnant or have just given birth through multitiered approaches that may:

 

(i) promote medication-assisted treatment options;

 

(ii) support programs that provide services in accord with evidence-based care models for mental health and substance abuse disorder;

 

(iii) collaborate with interdisciplinary and professional organizations that focus on quality improvement initiatives related to substance use disorder; and

 

(iv) implement substance use disorder-related recommendations from the maternal mortality review committee, as appropriate; and

 

(8) design a system to assess, address, and prevent the impacts of drug overdose and morbidity on those who are pregnant, their infants, and children.  Specifically, the commissioner of health may:

 

(i) inform health care providers and the public of the prevalence, risks, conditions, and treatments associated with substance use disorders involving or affecting pregnancies, infants, and children; and

 

(ii) identify communities, families, infants, and children affected by substance use disorder in order to recommend focused interventions, prevention, and services.

 

Subd. 3.  Partnerships.  The commissioner of health may consult with sovereign Tribal nations, the Minnesota Departments of Human Services, Corrections, Public Safety, and Education, local public health agencies, care providers and insurers, community organizations that focus on substance abuse risks and recovery, individuals affected by substance use disorders, and any other individuals, entities, and organizations as necessary to carry out the goals of this section.

 

Subd. 4.  Grants authorized.  (a) The commissioner of health may award grants, as funding allows, to entities and organizations focused on addressing and preventing the negative impacts of drug overdose and morbidity.  Examples of activities the commissioner may consider for these grant awards include:

 

(1) developing, implementing, or promoting drug overdose and morbidity prevention programs and activities;

 

(2) community outreach and other efforts addressing the root causes of drug overdose and morbidity;


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(3) identifying risk and protective factors relating to drug overdose and morbidity that contribute to identification, development, or improvement of prevention strategies and community outreach;

 

(4) developing or providing trauma-informed drug overdose and morbidity prevention and services;

 

(5) developing or providing culturally and linguistically appropriate drug overdose and morbidity prevention and services, and programs that target and serve historically underserved communities;

 

(6) working collaboratively with educational institutions, including school districts, to implement drug overdose and morbidity prevention strategies for students, teachers, and administrators;

 

(7) working collaboratively with sovereign Tribal nations, care providers, nonprofit organizations, for-profit organizations, government entities, community-based organizations, and other entities to implement substance misuse and drug overdose prevention strategies within their communities; and

 

(8) creating or implementing quality improvement initiatives to improve drug overdose and morbidity treatment and outcomes. 

 

(b) Any organization or government entity receiving grant money under this section must collect and make available to the commissioner of health aggregate data related to the activity funded by the program under this section.  The commissioner of health shall use the information and data from the program evaluation to inform the administration of existing Department of Health programming and the development of Department of Health policies, programs, and procedures. 

 

Subd. 5.  Promotion; administration.  In fiscal years 2026 and beyond, the commissioner may spend up to 25 percent of the total funding appropriated to the comprehensive drug overdose and morbidity program in each fiscal year to promote, administer, support, and evaluate the programs authorized under this section and to provide technical assistance to program grantees. 

 

Subd. 6.  External contributions.  The commissioner may accept contributions from governmental and nongovernmental sources and may apply for grants to supplement state appropriations for the programs authorized under this section.  Contributions and grants received from the sources identified in this subdivision to advance the purpose of this section are appropriated to the commissioner for the comprehensive drug overdose and morbidity program.

 

Subd. 7.  Program evaluation.  Beginning February 28, 2024, the commissioner of health shall report every even-numbered year to the legislative committees with jurisdiction over health detailing the expenditures of funds authorized under this section.  The commissioner shall use the data to evaluate the effectiveness of the program.  The commissioner must include in the report:

 

(1) the number of organizations receiving grant money under this section;

 

(2) the number of individuals served by the grant programs;

 

(3) a description and analysis of the practices implemented by program grantees; and

 

(4) best practices recommendations to prevent drug overdose and morbidity, including culturally relevant best practices and recommendations focused on historically underserved communities.

 

Subd. 8.  Measurement.  Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, the commissioner of health shall assess and evaluate grants and contracts awarded using available data sources, including but not limited to the Minnesota All Payer Claims Database (MN APCD), the Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), the Minnesota Student Survey, vital records, hospitalization data, syndromic surveillance, and the Minnesota Electronic Health Record Consortium.


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Sec. 38.  [144.0752] CULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Establishment.  The commissioner of health shall establish:

 

(1) a cultural communications program that advances culturally and linguistically appropriate communication services for communities most impacted by health disparities which includes limited English proficient (LEP) populations, African American populations, LGBTQ+ populations, and people with disabilities; and

 

(2) a position that works with department and division leadership to ensure that the department follows the National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services (CLAS) Standards.

 

Subd. 2.  Commissioner's duties.  The commissioner of health shall oversee a program to:

 

(1) align the department services, policies, procedures, and governance with the National CLAS Standards, establish culturally and linguistically appropriate goals, policies, and management accountability, and apply them throughout the organization's planning and operations;

 

(2) ensure the department services respond to the cultural and linguistic diversity of Minnesotans and that the department partners with the community to design, implement, and evaluate policies, practices, and services that are aligned with the national cultural and linguistic appropriateness standard; and

 

(3) ensure the department leadership, workforce, and partners embed culturally and linguistically appropriate policies and practices into leadership and public health program planning, intervention, evaluation, and dissemination.

 

Subd. 3.  Eligible contractors.  The commissioner may enter into contracts to implement this section.  Organizations eligible to receive contract funding under this section include:

 

(1) master contractors that are selected through the state to provide language and communication services; and

 

(2) organizations that are able to provide services for languages that master contractors are unable to cover.

 

Sec. 39.  [144.0754] OFFICE OF AFRICAN AMERICAN HEALTH; DUTIES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Establishment.  The commissioner shall establish the Office of African American Health to address the unique public health needs of African American Minnesotans and work to develop solutions and systems to address identified health disparities of African American Minnesotans arising from a context of cumulative and historical discrimination and disadvantages in multiple systems, including but not limited to housing, education, employment, gun violence, incarceration, environmental factors, and health care discrimination.

 

Subd. 2.  Duties of the office.  The office shall:

 

(1) convene the African American Health State Advisory Council (AAHSAC) under section 144.0755 to advise the commissioner on issues and to develop specific, targeted policy solutions to improve the health of African American Minnesotans, with a focus on United States-born African Americans;

 

(2) based upon input from and collaboration with the AAHSAC, health indicators, and identified disparities, conduct analysis and develop policy and program recommendations and solutions targeted at improving African American health outcomes;

 

(3) coordinate and conduct community engagement across multiple systems, sectors, and communities to address racial disparities in labor force participation, educational achievement, and involvement with the criminal justice system that impact African American health and well-being;


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(4) conduct data analysis and research to support policy goals and solutions;

 

(5) award and administer African American health special emphasis grants to health and community-based organizations to plan and develop programs targeted at improving African American health outcomes, based upon needs identified by the council, health indicators, and identified disparities and addressing historical trauma and systems of United States-born African American Minnesotans; and

 

(6) develop and administer Department of Health immersion experiences for students in secondary education and community colleges to improve diversity of the public health workforce and introduce career pathways that contribute to reducing health disparities.

 

Sec. 40.  [144.0755] AFRICAN AMERICAN HEALTH STATE ADVISORY COUNCIL.

 

Subdivision 1.  Establishment; purpose.  The commissioner of health shall establish and administer the African American Health State Advisory Council to advise the commissioner on implementing specific strategies to reduce health inequities and disparities that particularly affect African Americans in Minnesota.

 

Subd. 2.  Members.  (a) The council shall include no fewer than 12 or more than 20 members from any of the following groups:

 

(1) representatives of community-based organizations serving or advocating for African American citizens;

 

(2) at-large community leaders or elders, as nominated by other council members;

 

(3) African American individuals who provide and receive health care services;

 

(4) African American secondary or college students;

 

(5) health or human service professionals serving African American communities or clients;

 

(6) representatives with research or academic expertise in racial equity; and

 

(7) other members that the commissioner deems appropriate to facilitate the goals and duties of the council.

 

(b) The commissioner shall make recommendations for council membership and, after considering recommendations from the council, shall appoint a chair or chairs of the council.  Council members shall be appointed by the governor. 

 

Subd. 3.  Terms.  A term shall be for two years and appointees may be reappointed to serve two additional terms.  The commissioner shall recommend appointments to replace members vacating their positions in a timely manner, no more than three months after the council reviews panel recommendations.

 

Subd. 4.  Duties of commissioner.  The commissioner or commissioner's designee shall:

 

(1) maintain and actively engage with the council established in this section;

 

(2) based on recommendations of the council, review identified department or other related policies or practices that maintain health inequities and disparities that particularly affect African Americans in Minnesota;

 

(3) in partnership with the council, recommend or implement action plans and resources necessary to address identified disparities and advance African American health equity;

 

(4) support interagency collaboration to advance African American health equity; and

 

(5) support member participation in the council, including participation in educational and community engagement events across Minnesota that specifically address African American health equity.


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Subd. 5.  Duties of council.  The council shall:

 

(1) identify health disparities found in African American communities and contributing factors;

 

(2) recommend to the commissioner for review any statutes, rules, or administrative policies or practices that would address African American health disparities;

 

(3) recommend policies and strategies to the commissioner of health to address disparities specifically affecting African American health;

 

(4) form work groups of council members who are persons who provide and receive services and representatives of advocacy groups;

 

(5) provide the work groups with clear guidelines, standardized parameters, and tasks for the work groups to accomplish; and

 

(6) annually submit to the commissioner a report that summarizes the activities of the council, identifies disparities specially affecting the health of African American Minnesotans, and makes recommendations to address identified disparities.

 

Subd. 6.  Duties of council members.  The members of the council shall:

 

(1) attend scheduled meetings with no more than three absences per year, participate in scheduled meetings, and prepare for meetings by reviewing meeting notes;

 

(2) maintain open communication channels with respective constituencies;

 

(3) identify and communicate issues and risks that may impact the timely completion of tasks;

 

(4) participate in any activities the council or commissioner deems appropriate and necessary to facilitate the goals and duties of the council; and

 

(5) participate in work groups to carry out council duties.

 

Subd. 7.  Staffing; office space; equipment.  The commissioner shall provide the advisory council with staff support, office space, and access to office equipment and services.

 

Subd. 8.  Reimbursement.  Compensation and reimbursement for travel and expenses incurred for council activities are governed by section 15.059, subdivision 3.

 

Sec. 41.  [144.0756] AFRICAN AMERICAN HEALTH SPECIAL EMPHASIS GRANT PROGRAM.

 

Subdivision 1.  Establishment.  The commissioner of health shall establish the African American health special emphasis grant program administered by the Office of African American Health.  The purposes of the program are to:

 

(1) identify disparities impacting African American health arising from cumulative and historical discrimination and disadvantages in multiple systems, including but not limited to housing, education, employment, gun violence, incarceration, environmental factors, and health care discrimination; and

 

(2) develop community-based solutions that incorporate a multisector approach to addressing identified disparities impacting African American health.


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Subd. 2.  Requests for proposals; accountability; data collection.  As directed by the commissioner of health, the Office of African American Health shall:

 

(1) develop a request for proposals for an African American health special emphasis grant program in consultation with community stakeholders;

 

(2) provide outreach, technical assistance, and program development guidance to potential qualifying organizations or entities;

 

(3) review responses to requests for proposals in consultation with community stakeholders and award grants under this section;

 

(4) establish a transparent and objective accountability process in consultation with community stakeholders, focused on outcomes that grantees agree to achieve;

 

(5) provide grantees with access to summary and other public data to assist grantees in establishing and implementing effective community-led solutions; and

 

(6) collect and maintain data on outcomes reported by grantees.

 

Subd. 3.  Eligible grantees.  Organizations eligible to receive grant funding under this section include nonprofit organizations or entities that work with African American communities or are focused on addressing disparities impacting the health of African American communities.

 

Subd. 4.  Strategic consideration and priority of proposals; grant awards.  In developing the requests for proposals and awarding the grants, the commissioner and the Office of African American Health shall consider building upon the existing capacity of communities and on developing capacity where it is lacking.  Proposals shall focus on addressing health equity issues specific to United States-born African American communities; addressing the health impact of historical trauma; reducing health disparities experienced by United States-born African American communities; and incorporating a multisector approach to addressing identified disparities.

 

Subd. 5.  Report.  Grantees must report grant program outcomes to the commissioner on the forms and according to timelines established by the commissioner.

 

Sec. 42.  [144.0757] OFFICE OF AMERICAN INDIAN HEALTH.

 

Subdivision 1.  Duties.  The Office of American Indian Health is established to address unique public health needs of American Indian Tribal communities in Minnesota, and shall: 

 

(1) coordinate with Minnesota's Tribal Nations and urban American Indian community-based organizations to identify underlying causes of health disparities, address unique health needs of Minnesota's Tribal communities, and develop public health approaches to achieve health equity;

 

(2) strengthen capacity of American Indian and community-based organizations and Tribal Nations to address identified health disparities and needs;

 

(3) administer state and federal grant funding opportunities targeted to improve the health of American Indians;

 

(4) provide overall leadership for targeted development of holistic health and wellness strategies to improve health and to support Tribal and urban American Indian public health leadership and self-sufficiency;

 

(5) provide technical assistance to Tribal and American Indian urban community leaders to develop culturally appropriate activities to address public health emergencies;


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(6) develop and administer the department immersion experiences for American Indian students in secondary education and community colleges to improve diversity of the public health workforce and introduce career pathways that contribute to reducing health disparities; and

 

(7) identify and promote workforce development strategies for Department of Health staff to work with the American Indian population and Tribal Nations more effectively in Minnesota.

 

Subd. 2.  Grants and contracts.  To carry out these duties, the office may contract with or provide grants to qualifying entities.

 

Sec. 43.  [144.0758] AMERICAN INDIAN HEALTH SPECIAL EMPHASIS GRANTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Establishment.  The commissioner of health shall establish the American Indian health special emphasis grant program.  The purposes of the program are to:

 

(1) plan and develop programs targeted to address continuing and persistent health disparities of Minnesota's American Indian population and improve American Indian health outcomes based upon needs identified by health indicators and identified disparities;

 

(2) identify disparities in American Indian health arising from cumulative and historical discrimination; and

 

(3) plan and develop community-based solutions with a multisector approach to addressing identified disparities in American Indian health.

 

Subd. 2.  Commissioner's duties.  The commissioner of health shall:

 

(1) develop a request for proposals for an American Indian health special emphasis grant program in consultation with Minnesota's Tribal Nations and urban American Indian community-based organizations based upon needs identified by the community, health indicators, and identified disparities;

 

(2) provide outreach, technical assistance, and program development guidance to potential qualifying organizations or entities;

 

(3) review responses to requests for proposals in consultation with community stakeholders and award grants under this section;

 

(4) establish a transparent and objective accountability process in consultation with community stakeholders focused on outcomes that grantees agree to achieve;

 

(5) provide grantees with access to data to assist grantees in establishing and implementing effective community‑led solutions; and

 

(6) collect and maintain data on outcomes reported by grantees.

 

Subd. 3.  Eligible grantees.  Organizations eligible to receive grant funding under this section are Minnesota's Tribal Nations and urban American Indian community-based organizations.

 

Subd. 4.  Strategic consideration and priority of proposals; grant awards.  In developing the proposals and awarding the grants, the commissioner shall consider building upon the existing capacity of Minnesota's Tribal Nations and urban American Indian community-based organizations and on developing capacity where it is lacking.  Proposals may focus on addressing health equity issues specific to Tribal and urban American Indian communities; addressing the health impact of historical trauma; reducing health disparities experienced by American Indian communities; and incorporating a multisector approach to addressing identified disparities.


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Subd. 5.  Report.  Grantees must report grant program outcomes to the commissioner on the forms and according to the timelines established by the commissioner.

 

Sec. 44.  [144.0759] PUBLIC HEALTH AMERICORPS.

 

The commissioner may award a grant to a statewide, nonprofit organization to support Public Health AmeriCorps members.  The organization awarded the grant shall provide the commissioner with any information needed by the commissioner to evaluate the program in the form and according to timelines specified by the commissioner.

 

Sec. 45.  Minnesota Statutes 2022, section 144.122, is amended to read:

 

144.122 LICENSE, PERMIT, AND SURVEY FEES.